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Airports and Airport Security - International - April 2011

  • In terms of freight, Hong Kong moved into the top-ranked spot in 2010 – ahead of FedEx’s hub, Memphis, which had been ranked number one since 1991.
  • China is the fastest-growing major aviation market in the world. Passenger movements are forecasted to more than double from current levels by year-end 2015. It is estimated that 78 new airports will be built in China over the next ten years.
  • In spite of fast-growing demand for air travel, most Chinese airports are currently loss-making. However, the deregulation of low-altitude airspace (between 1,000-4,000 metres) should trigger explosive growth in private aircraft and helicopters, which will boost airport utilisation, especially in outlying areas.
  • Virtually all US airports are operated by public-sector entities, in contrast to much of Europe, where publicly quoted companies operate many of the regions’ largest airports, such as Ferrovial’s BAA, Fraport, Aéroports de Paris and Vienna International Airport. President Obama has called for cuts in construction grants to US airports of about one third, amounting to over US$1 billion.
  • In order to finance major airport capacity upgrades and expansion, several large countries have been obliged to call on private-sector investment, including Brazil, India and Spain. In Brazil, where it is estimated that US$20 billion is needed for investment in airports, the government is preparing the country’s public sector airport operator, Infraero, for privatisation.
  • In India, the six large airports serving gateway cities such as Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata, which are operated by joint ventures with private-sector entities, already account for about 60% of passenger movements in the country.
  • AENA (Aeropuertos Españoles y Navegación Aérea), the large Spanish governmental airport operator, reputed to be the largest in the world, is being prepared for partial privatisation, due in part to Spain’s dire fiscal situation. A 49% interest will be sold to private interests and management of the nation’s two largest airports, Madrid Barajas and Barcelona El Prat, will be put out to tender to private operators under a 40-year licence system.
  • New, less invasive body-scanning technology has been developed and is currently being tested in several US airports. The new advanced imaging technology (AIT) software enhances passenger privacy by eliminating passenger-specific images. The ban on carrying liquids in containers of more than 100ml in hand luggage is to be lifted in Europe following the approval of a bottle scanner developed by Kromek, a manufacturer of specialised semiconductor materials. By April 2011, liquid items bought in transit (ie duty-free purchases) will be allowed on board and by April 2013, the ban will be lifted completely, allowing the carriage of liquids on flights across Europe.

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

      • Key findings
      • Data Sources

        • Overview

          • Travel and tourism expenditure
            • Figure 1: Worldwide expenditure on travel and tourism, 2010-20
          • Worldwide air traffic bounced back in 2010
            • Figure 2: Summary of worldwide traffic results, December 2010
          • Continued growth through to 2014
            • Figure 3: IATA global traffic forecast, 2007-14
          • International load factors improving
            • International freight demand growth volatile
              • Oil prices
                • Figure 4: Trend in passenger and freight traffic by region*, 2009-10
              • Passenger numbers up but yields are trailing
                • Figure 5: Global commercial airline performance data, 2004-11
            • Worldwide Airport Traffic Trends

                • Strong gains in three BRIC domestic markets
                  • Cargo suffered more
                    • Figure 6: Airport* traffic summary by region, 2009
                  • Disparities by region
                  • The World’s Largest Airports

                      • The world’s largest passenger airports
                        • Figure 7: The 20 largest airports worldwide ranked by passenger movements in 2008 & 2009
                      • The world’s largest freight airports
                        • Figure 8: The 20 largest airports worldwide ranked by mail and cargo loaded and unloaded in 2009
                    • European Winners and Losers in 2010

                        • Figure 9: European and Moroccan airports, gainers and losers, 2009-10
                    • Airport Charges

                        • ‘Single’ or ‘dual’ till accounting
                          • Obama seeks to cut airport grants
                          • Airport Expansion – Where’s the Growth?

                              • Brazil
                                • US$20 billion of investment needed
                                  • Number of airports must double by 2030
                                    • Infraero to be privatised
                                      • Bisignani says Brazil must become more competitive
                                        • China
                                          • Competition from rail
                                            • Deregulation needed to support growth
                                              • Investment in airports questioned
                                                • Airport profitability
                                                  • China to open airspace to civilian aircraft
                                                    • Huge growth potential for general aviation
                                                      • Chinese airport development
                                                        • 78 new airports over next ten years
                                                          • US$227 billion on 45 more airports by 2015
                                                            • Second airport for Beijing
                                                              • Traffic to rise by over 60% by 2015
                                                                • Seven airports for Xinjiang
                                                                  • Urumqi to become a hub for Central Asian destinations
                                                                    • Hainan Boao Airport
                                                                      • India
                                                                        • 61 airports offer scheduled service
                                                                          • India airport classification
                                                                            • Passenger traffic by category of airport
                                                                              • Figure 10: Passenger traffic by type of airport, April-December 2010 vs April-December 2009
                                                                            • Airport development
                                                                              • Delhi’s new Terminal 3
                                                                                • Further expansion planned
                                                                                  • Expansion at Bangalore International Airport
                                                                                    • Chandigarh International Airport
                                                                                      • Approval granted for a second airport for Mumbai
                                                                                        • Middle East
                                                                                          • Kuwait
                                                                                            • Qatar
                                                                                              • United Arab Emirates
                                                                                              • Airport Security

                                                                                                  • Scanning technology and implementation
                                                                                                    • Millimetre wave
                                                                                                      • Backscatter
                                                                                                        • New scanning technology to be tested
                                                                                                          • Intensive lobbying by the manufacturers
                                                                                                            • L-3 Communications
                                                                                                              • Rapiscan Systems
                                                                                                                • Attempts to influence legislation
                                                                                                                  • Passenger acceptance
                                                                                                                    • An end to ban on liquids in the EU
                                                                                                                      • Kromek’s bottle scanner approved by the ECAC
                                                                                                                        • Significant milestone for Kromek
                                                                                                                          • Profiling
                                                                                                                            • Ethnic profiling could backfire
                                                                                                                              • Behavioural profiling
                                                                                                                              • What Next?

                                                                                                                                  • 800 million more air travellers by 2014
                                                                                                                                    • China to be the biggest contributor
                                                                                                                                      • Fastest-growing international markets
                                                                                                                                        • Fastest-growing domestic markets
                                                                                                                                          • Air freight
                                                                                                                                            • Regional outlook 2009-14
                                                                                                                                              • Middle East to grow fastest
                                                                                                                                                • Europe will be slowest
                                                                                                                                                  • Freight to grow much faster than passengers in North America
                                                                                                                                                    • 1 billion air passenger movements in Asia
                                                                                                                                                      • Spanish airports to be partially privatised
                                                                                                                                                        • Madrid and Barcelona airports to be tendered
                                                                                                                                                          • Long-term trends

                                                                                                                                                          Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                          To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                          Airports and Airport Security - International - April 2011

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