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Children's Social Care - UK - April 2015

“The structure of the children’s social care market has inevitably been affected by the government-led public expenditure cuts over the last five years, as local authorities dictate the quantity of services provided and which companies provide them. However, the sector has avoided the widespread cuts seen in adult social care as only a few areas have seen spending fall. The Children and Families Act has led to many reforms, particularly with SEN care and adoption, but further changes to the market are still required. The dual role of LAs as commissioners and providers of care can still disrupt the efficiency of the market and the lack of suitable local market information increases the likelihood of children’s care needs not being met.”
– Lewis Cone, B2B Analyst

This report will explore the following key issues regarding the children’s social care industry in the UK:

  • What are the key determinants driving the industry?
  • Was the market affected by the financial crisis and how has it recovered since? Have there been any structural changes as a consequence?
  • How has the government influenced and shaped the development of the sector?
  • What are the key issues the UK industry needs to address to be able to improve efficiency and performance?
  • What does the future hold for the UK children’s social care industry?

The number of children looked after is expected to continue to rise. With budgetary restrictions likely to continue regardless of the election result, children’s services will be stretched to their limits to ensure that each child has equal access to different care types. However, with independent provision becoming more dominant in the sector, concerns will remain over private company intentions and whether they are doing their utmost to provide high quality services or are foregoing this to achieve greater profitability. The popularity of fostering services may also pose problems in the near future as the UK shortage of foster families is expected to widen and become a market issue. The impact of recent child abuse scandals, and subsequent inquiries, may also lead to stronger cases for policy and regulatory changes.

 

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Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary

      • Market size
        • Figure 1: UK Market for Children’s Social Care, 2010/11/2014/15, (£ Million)
        • Figure 2: Segmentation of UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Country, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
        • Figure 3: Number of Children Looked After, by Country, 2014/15, (% of UK Total)
      • Market trends
        • Figure 4: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Care, 2010/11 and 2014/15, (% of Total Market)
        • Figure 5: UK Children’s Home Placements and Average Annual Cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children and £000)
        • Figure 6: Children’s Homes in England, at 31 March 2014, by Region, (% of Homes)
        • Figure 7: UK Foster Care Placements and Average Annual Cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children and £000)
        • Figure 8: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Provider, 2010/11-2014/15, (% of Provision)
      • Market factors
        • A number of barriers restrict the market from operating at full efficiency
          • Public expenditure cuts strain existing social care facilities and resources, with no foreseeable change ahead
            • Children’s services are being increasingly outsourced to independent providers
              • The implementation of provisions made in the Children and Families Act in September 2014 was the first step towards an industry-led call for sector reform
                • Companies
                  • Forecast
                    • The value of the children’s social care market is expected to fluctuate, but record continuous growth over the next five years
                      • Figure 9: UK Market Forecast for Children’s Social Care, 2015/16-2019/20, (£ Million)
                    • Foster care will retain its leading position in the market, whilst SEN care is forecast to further increase market share
                      • Figure 10: UK Market Segmentation Forecast for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Care, 2015/16-2019/20, (£ Million)
                    • What we think
                    • Key Insights

                        • Which sectors of the market can expect to see the most growth in the near future?
                          • What is likely to be the impact of the new Children and Families Act on market supply?
                            • Is enough being done for those with special educational needs?
                              • What effect has the shift towards private sector provision had on the market?
                                • What has been the impact of public criticism of privatisation?
                                  • What innovations are we seeing in the market?
                                  • Introduction

                                      • Definitions
                                        • Methodology
                                          • Abbreviations
                                          • Market Positioning

                                              • Legislation
                                              • UK Economy

                                                • Key points
                                                  • Overview
                                                    • Figure 11: UK GDP, 2003-2014 Q2, (% Quarterly Growth and GDP in £ Billion)
                                                    • Figure 12: Quarters after GDP Peak, 1979, 1990 and 2008, (Number of Quarters and GDP as % of Pre-Downturn Peak)
                                                  • Inflation
                                                    • Interest rates
                                                      • House prices
                                                        • Consumer spending
                                                          • Manufacturing
                                                            • Business investment
                                                              • Imports
                                                                • Exports
                                                                • Market Factors

                                                                  • Key points
                                                                  • Market Size and Trends

                                                                    • Key points
                                                                        • Figure 13: UK Market for Children’s Social Care, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                        • Figure 14: UK Market for Children’s Social Care, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                      • Regional analysis
                                                                        • Figure 15: Segmentation of UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Country, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                        • Figure 16: Segmentation of UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Country, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                        • Figure 17: Number of Children Looked After, by Country, 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children)
                                                                        • Figure 18: Number of Children Looked After, by Country, 2014/15, (% of Total)
                                                                        • Figure 19: Number of Children Looked After in England, by Age and Gender, as of 31 March, 2010-2014, (Number of Children)
                                                                        • Figure 20: Number of Children Looked After in Scotland, by Age and Gender, as of 31 July, 2010-2014, (Number of Children)
                                                                        • Figure 21: Number of Children Looked After in Wales, by Age and Gender, as of 31 March, 2010-2014, (Number of Children)
                                                                        • Figure 22: Number of Children Looked After in the UK, by Age and Country, as of 31 March (Rest of UK) and 31 July (Scotland), 2014, (% of Children Looked After)
                                                                    • Market Segmentation

                                                                      • Introduction
                                                                        • Residential care
                                                                          • Foster care
                                                                            • Special education
                                                                                • Figure 23: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Care, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                                • Figure 24: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Care, 2010/11 and 2014/15, (% of Total Market)
                                                                                • Figure 25: Number of Children Looked After, at 31 March and 31 July, by Placement Type, UK, 2010-2014, (Number of Children)
                                                                              • Independent vs public supply
                                                                                • Figure 26: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Provider, 2010/11-2014/15, (% and £ Million)
                                                                                • Figure 27: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Provider, 2010/11-2014/15, (% of Total Provision)
                                                                                • Figure 28: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Sector and Type of Provider, 2010/11-2014/15, (% and £ Million)
                                                                                • Figure 29: Segmentation of the UK Market for Children’s Social Care, by Sector and Type of Provider, 2010/11 and 2014/15, (% of Total Sector Value)
                                                                              • Children’s homes
                                                                                  • Figure 30: UK Children’s Home Placements and Average Annual Cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children and £ 000)
                                                                                  • Figure 31: UK Children’s Home Placements and Average Annual Cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children and £ 000)
                                                                                  • Figure 32: Number of Children in Children’s Homes in Scotland, 2010-2014, (Number of Children)
                                                                                  • Figure 33: Children’s Homes in England, at 31 March 2014, by Region, (Number)
                                                                                  • Figure 34: Children’s Homes in England, at 31 March 2014, by region and Type of Provision, (% of Homes)
                                                                                • Fostering services
                                                                                    • Figure 35: UK Foster Care Placements and Average Annual Cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children and £ 000)
                                                                                    • Figure 36: UK Foster Care Placements and Average Annual Cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2010/11-2014/15, (Number of Children and £000)
                                                                                    • Figure 37: Foster Placements, at 31 March of each year, by Placement Type and Location, England, 2010-2014, (Number of Children)
                                                                                    • Figure 38: UK Fostering Rates, 2013/14 and 2014/15, (£ per week)
                                                                                  • Special education
                                                                                      • Figure 39: UK Market for SEN Care, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                                      • Figure 40: UK Market for SEN Care, 2010/11-2014/15, (£ Million)
                                                                                      • Figure 41: Students with Special Educational Needs, by School Type, England, 2010-2014, (Number of Children and % of Pupils in each school type)
                                                                                      • Figure 42: Students with Special Educational Needs, by Academy Type, England, 2014, (Number of Children and % of Pupils in each academy type)
                                                                                  • Market Trends

                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                    • Industry Structure

                                                                                      • Key points
                                                                                        • Industry development
                                                                                            • Figure 43: Number of Secure Children’s Homes in the UK, by country, 2010-2014, (Number)
                                                                                            • Figure 44: Proportion of All Children’s Homes Run by State or Independent Organisations, by Region, as of 30 September 2014, (%)
                                                                                            • Figure 45: Children’s Homes in England, by Company, as of 31 March in 2013 and 2014, (Number)
                                                                                            • Figure 46: Children’s Homes in England, by Company, as of 31 March in 2014, (Number)
                                                                                            • Figure 47: Analysis of the changes in the structure of other residential care activities, 2010-2014, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                            • Figure 48: Analysis of changes in the structure of ‘Other residential care activities’, 2010-2014, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                            • Figure 49: Analysis of the changes in the structure of other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c., 2010-2014, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                            • Figure 50: Analysis of the changes in the structure of ‘Other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c.’, 2010-2014, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                          • Structure by employment
                                                                                            • Figure 51: Analysis of the employment structure of Other residential care activities, 2010-2014, (Number of employees and outlets)
                                                                                            • Figure 52: Analysis of the employment structure of other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c., 2010-2014, (Number of employees and outlets)
                                                                                          • Structure by turnover
                                                                                            • Figure 53: Analysis of the financial structure of other residential care activities, 2010-2014, (£000 and number of businesses)
                                                                                            • Figure 54: Analysis of the financial structure of other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c., 2010-2014, (£000 and number of businesses)
                                                                                        • Company Profiles

                                                                                          • Acorn Care and Education

                                                                                                • Figure 55: Financial analysis of Acorn Care and Education, 2009-2013, (£ 000)
                                                                                                • Figure 56: Financial analysis of Fostering Solutions, 2009-13, (£ 000)
                                                                                              • Company outlook
                                                                                              • Cambian Childcare (formerly Advanced Childcare)

                                                                                                    • Figure 57: Financial analysis of Cambian Childcare Limited, 2009-13, (£ 000)
                                                                                                  • Company outlook
                                                                                                  • Core Assets

                                                                                                        • Figure 58: Financial analysis of Core Assets Group, 2009-13, (£ 000)
                                                                                                      • Company outlook
                                                                                                      • Kedleston Education

                                                                                                            • Figure 59: Financial analysis of Kedleston Education, 2008-12, (£ 000)
                                                                                                          • Company outlook
                                                                                                          • Keys Group

                                                                                                                • Figure 60: Financial analysis of Keys Group, 2010-14, (£ 000)
                                                                                                              • Company outlook
                                                                                                              • The National Autistic Society

                                                                                                                    • Figure 61: Financial analysis of the National Autistic Society, 2010-14, (£ 000)
                                                                                                                  • Company outlook
                                                                                                                  • National Fostering Agency

                                                                                                                        • Figure 62: Financial analysis of the National Fostering Agency, 2010-14, (£ 000)
                                                                                                                      • Company outlook
                                                                                                                      • Northern Care

                                                                                                                            • Figure 63: Financial analysis of the Whistledawn Limited, trading as Northern Care, 2009-13, (£ 000)
                                                                                                                          • Company outlook
                                                                                                                          • Priory Group

                                                                                                                                • Figure 64: Financial Analysis of the Priory Group, 2009-2013, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                • Figure 65: Financial Analysis of the Priory Education Services, 2009-2013, (£ 000)
                                                                                                                              • Group outlook
                                                                                                                              • Forecast

                                                                                                                                • Key points
                                                                                                                                  • Market size
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 66: UK Market Forecast for Children’s Social Care, 2015/16-2019/20, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 67: UK Market Forecast for Children’s Social Care, 2015/16-2019/20, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                    • Market segmentation
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 68: UK Market Segmentation Forecast for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Care, 2015/16-2019/20, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 69: UK Market Segmentation Forecast for Children’s Social Care, by Type of Care, 2015/16-2019/20, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                    • Industry
                                                                                                                                    • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                                                                                      • Trade associations
                                                                                                                                        • Association of Directors of Children’s Services Ltd
                                                                                                                                          • British Association for Adoption and Fostering
                                                                                                                                            • Independent Children’s Homes Association (ICHA)
                                                                                                                                              • Nasen
                                                                                                                                                • Nationwide Association of Fostering Providers
                                                                                                                                                  • National Portage Association
                                                                                                                                                    • Trade magazines
                                                                                                                                                      • Child Care (Monthly)
                                                                                                                                                        • Children & Young People Now (Fortnightly)
                                                                                                                                                          • Social Work News (Quarterly)
                                                                                                                                                            • Who Cares? (Quarterly)
                                                                                                                                                              • Trade exhibitions
                                                                                                                                                                • ADCS Annual Conference 2015
                                                                                                                                                                  • Community Care Live Birmingham 2015
                                                                                                                                                                    • National Children and Adult Services Conference 2015

                                                                                                                                                                    Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                    To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                                    Children's Social Care - UK - April 2015

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