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European Retail Handbook - September 2009

This is the 13th edition of the European Retail Handbook. Like its predecessors, it has been designed as an affordable, practical and manageable reference work unparalleled in the breadth, depth and quality of its coverage. This year, we have once again covered 30 European countries, including the emerging markets of Eastern Europe.

The European Retail Handbook provides demographic and economic data in support of specific and detailed analysis of the retail trade in each country. The retail information relates to sales at national level and on a key sector basis, as well as the structure of the trade in terms of businesses, outlets and employees. Additionally, major retailers and retail groupings are identified with an indication of their size and relative importance. Other useful information includes synopses of the retail scene in each country, details of shop opening hours and property regulations and contact points for sources of further information.

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Pan-European Comparison

      • Population
        • Figure 1: Europe: Population by country, 2008
        • Figure 2: Europe: Population by country, 2008
      • GDP
        • Figure 3: Europe: GDP by country and per capita, 2008
        • Figure 4: Europe: GDP per capita, 2008
      • Consumer expenditure
        • Figure 5: Europe: Consumer expenditure by country and per capita, 2008
        • Figure 6: Europe: Consumer expenditure per capita, 2008
      • Retail sales
        • Figure 7: Europe: Retail sales by country and per capita, 2008
        • Figure 8: Retail sales per capita, 2008
      • Exchange rates
        • Euro
          • Figure 9: Exchange rates: € to other European currencies, £ and $, 2004-08
        • Sterling
          • Figure 10: Exchange rates: £ to European currencies and the $, 2004-08
        • US Dollar
          • Figure 11: Exchange rates: $ to European currencies, 2004-08
      • Austria

          • The Austrian retail scene
            • Austria in figures
              • Population
                • Figure 12: Austria: Population trends, 2005-09
                • Figure 13: Austria: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                • Figure 14: Austria: Households, 2004-08
                • Figure 15: Austria: Regions, 2005-09
                • Figure 16: Austria: Population of major cities, 2006 and 2008
              • Economy
                • Figure 17: Austria: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                • Figure 18: Austria: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                • Figure 19: Austria: Consumer expenditure, 2000-08
                • Figure 20: Austria: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
              • Austrian retailing in figures
                • Figure 21: Austria: Retail sales, 2004-09
                • Figure 22: Austria: Retail sales by category, 2004-08
                • Figure 23: Austria: Retail businesses by category, 2001, 2003 and 2005-07
                • Figure 24: Austria: Retail employment, 2003-07
              • Food retailing in Austria
                • Figure 25: Austria: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                • Figure 26: Austria: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales by category, 2004-08
                • Figure 27: Austria: Food, beverages & tobacco retail businesses, 2003-07
                • Figure 28: Austria: Food and daily goods market, sales and outlets by format, 2001-06
                • Figure 29: Austria: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 30: Austria: Market shares of leading food retailers, 2006-08
              • Non-food retailing in Austria
                • Figure 31: Austria: Non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                • Figure 32: Austria: Mixed goods stores' sales 2004-08
                • Figure 33: Austria: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 34: Austria: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, sales 2004-08 and businesses 2003-07
                • Figure 35: Austria: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 36: Austria: Furniture retailers – Sales, 2004-08, and businesses, 2003-07
                • Figure 37: Austria: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 38: Austria: Electrical goods retailers, sales, 2004-08, and businesses, 2003-07
                • Figure 39: Austria: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 40: Austria: DIY and hardware products retailers, sales, 2004-08, and businesses, 2003-07
                • Figure 41: Austria: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 42: Austria: Cultural, leisure and other non-food product retailers' sales, 2004-08, and enterprises, 2003-07
                • Figure 43: Austria: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 44: Austria: Health and beauty retailers – Sales, 2004-08, and enterprises, 2003-07
                • Figure 45: Austria: Drugstores – Outlet numbers and sales, 2000-05
                • Figure 46: Austria: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                • Figure 47: Austria: Mail order and other non-store sales, 2004-08, and businesses, 2003-07
                • Figure 48: Austria: Major mail order operators, 2008/09
              • Major retailers in Austria
                • Figure 49: Leading retailers in the Austrian market, 2008/09
                • Figure 50: Major Austrian retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
              • Legislative and property issues in Austrian retailing
                • Shopping hours
                  • Property matters
                      • Figure 51: Shopping streets in principal Austrian cities, 2009
                      • Figure 52: Austria: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                    • Contacts and sources
                    • Belgium

                        • The Belgian retail scene
                          • Belgium in figures
                            • Population
                              • Figure 53: Belgium: Population trends, 2004-09
                              • Figure 54: Belgium: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                              • Figure 55: Belgium: Households, 2000-07
                              • Figure 56: Belgium: Population by major region, 2004-08
                              • Figure 57: Belgium: Population, by province, 2004-08
                              • Figure 58: Belgium: Population of major cities, 2005-08
                            • Economy
                              • Figure 59: Belgium: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                              • Figure 60: Belgium: Consumer prices, 2000-08
                              • Figure 61: Belgium: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                              • Figure 62: Belgium: Detailed breakdown of household expenditure, 2003-07
                            • Belgian retailing in figures
                              • Figure 63: Belgium: Retail sales, 2004-09
                              • Figure 64: Belgium: Retail sales breakdown, 2004-08
                              • Figure 65: Belgium: Retail enterprises, 2004-06
                              • Figure 66: Belgium: Retail employment, 2000-06
                              • Figure 67: Belgium: Retail employment by sector, 2003-06
                            • Food retailing in Belgium
                              • Figure 68: Belgium: Food, drink and tobacco retailers' sales, 2004-08
                              • Figure 69: Belgium: Food retailers' sales per store by type of retailer, 2003-07
                              • Figure 70: Belgium: Food outlets, 1998-2002 and 2005-07
                              • Figure 71: Belgium: Self-service stores by type, 2001-02 and 2005-07
                              • Figure 72: Belgium: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                            • Non-food retailing in Belgium
                              • Figure 73: Belgium: Non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                              • Figure 74: Belgium: Department and variety store retailers, enterprise numbers, 2003-06
                              • Figure 75: Belgium: Department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                              • Figure 76: Belgium: Clothing, textiles and footwear specialists’ sales, 2004-08
                              • Figure 77: Belgium: Clothing, textiles and footwear, enterprises, 2003-06
                              • Figure 78: Belgium: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                              • Figure 79: Belgium: Furniture, DIY, household and electrical goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                              • Figure 80: Belgium: Furniture, electricals, DIY and household goods, enterprises, 2003-06
                              • Figure 81: Belgium: Major furniture, electricals and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                              • Figure 82: Belgium: Major DIY and hardware product retailers, 2008/09
                              • Figure 83: Belgium: Other specialists’ retail sales, 2004-08
                              • Figure 84: Belgium: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products, enterprises, 2003-06
                              • Figure 85: Belgium: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                              • Figure 86: Belgium: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                              • Figure 87: Belgium: Health and beauty, enterprises, 2003-06
                              • Figure 88: Belgium: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                              • Figure 89: Belgium: Mail order market, 2004-08
                              • Figure 90: Belgium: Major home shopping operators, 2008/09
                            • Major retailers in Belgium
                              • Figure 91: Leading retailers in the Belgian market, 2008/09
                              • Figure 92: Major Belgian retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                            • Legislative and property issues in Belgian retailing
                              • Shopping hours
                                • Property matters
                                  • Figure 93: Belgium: Shopping streets and areas in principal Belgian cities, 2009
                                  • Figure 94: Belgium: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                • Contacts and sources
                                • Bulgaria

                                    • The Bulgarian retail scene
                                      • Bulgaria in figures
                                        • Population
                                          • Figure 95: Bulgaria: Population trends, 2004-08
                                          • Figure 96: Bulgaria: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                          • Figure 97: Bulgaria: Population by region, 2008
                                        • Economy
                                          • Figure 98: Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, 1995-2008
                                          • Figure 99: Bulgaria: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                          • Figure 100: Bulgaria: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                          • Figure 101: Bulgaria: Average annual expenditure per household, 2004-08
                                        • Bulgarian retailing in figures
                                          • Figure 102: Bulgaria: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                          • Figure 103: Bulgaria: Retail enterprises, 1999-2004
                                          • Figure 104: Bulgaria: Retail outlets, 1999-2003
                                          • Figure 105: Bulgaria: Retail employment, 1999-2003
                                          • Figure 106: Bulgaria: Identified retailers, 2007/08
                                        • Legislative and property issues in Bulgaria
                                          • Shopping hours
                                            • Property matters
                                              • Figure 107: Bulgaria: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                              • Figure 108: Bulgaria: Shopping streets and areas in principal cities, 2009
                                            • Contacts and sources
                                            • Croatia

                                                • The Croatian retail scene
                                                  • Croatia in figures
                                                    • Population
                                                      • Figure 109: Croatia: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                      • Figure 110: Croatia: Population, by age group and gender, 2008 (p)
                                                      • Figure 111: Croatia: Population of major towns, 2001
                                                    • Economy
                                                      • Figure 112: Croatia: Gross domestic product, 2000-08
                                                      • Figure 113: Croatia: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                      • Figure 114: Croatia: Final household consumption, 2000-08
                                                      • Figure 115: Croatia: Average annual personal consumption per household, 2003-07
                                                    • Croatian retailing in figures
                                                      • Figure 116: Croatia: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                      • Figure 117: Croatia: Retail sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                      • Figure 118: Croatia: Distributive trade, business, outlet and employee data, 2003-07
                                                    • Major retailers in Croatia
                                                      • Figure 119: Croatia: Leading retailers, 2008/09
                                                    • Legislative and property issues in Croatian retailing
                                                      • Shopping hours
                                                        • Property matters
                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                          • Czech Republic

                                                              • The Czech retail scene
                                                                • Czech Republic in figures
                                                                  • Population
                                                                    • Figure 120: Czech Republic: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                    • Figure 121: Czech Republic: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                    • Figure 122: Czech Republic: Households, 1991-2001
                                                                    • Figure 123: Czech Republic: Population of major cities, 2007
                                                                  • Economy
                                                                    • Figure 124: Czech Republic: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                    • Figure 125: Czech Republic: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                    • Figure 126: Czech Republic: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                    • Figure 127: Czech Republic: Detailed breakdown of final consumption expenditure, 2003-07
                                                                  • Czech retailing in figures
                                                                    • Figure 128: Czech Republic: Estimated retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                    • Figure 129: Czech Republic: Estimated retail sales by category, 2004-08
                                                                    • Figure 130: Czech Republic: Retail enterprises, 2002-05
                                                                    • Figure 131: Major retailers in the Czech Republic, 2008/09
                                                                  • Legislative and property issues in Czech retailing
                                                                    • Shopping hours
                                                                      • Property issues
                                                                          • Figure 132: Czech Republic: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                          • Figure 133: Czech Republic: Shopping streets and areas in principal cities, 2009
                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                        • Denmark

                                                                            • The Danish retail scene
                                                                              • Denmark in figures
                                                                                • Population
                                                                                  • Figure 134: Denmark: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                  • Figure 135: Denmark: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                                                                                  • Figure 136: Denmark: Households, 2005-09
                                                                                  • Figure 137: Denmark: Population by province, 2005-09
                                                                                  • Figure 138: Denmark: Population by major city, 2005-09
                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                  • Figure 139: Denmark: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                  • Figure 140: Denmark: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 141: Denmark: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                  • Figure 142: Denmark: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                • Danish retailing in figures
                                                                                  • Figure 143: Denmark: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                  • Figure 144: Denmark: Retail sales by sector, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 145: Denmark: Retail businesses by sector, 2002-06
                                                                                  • Figure 146: Denmark: Retail outlets (places of work), 2003-06
                                                                                  • Figure 147: Denmark: Regional distribution of retail sales, 2004
                                                                                  • Figure 148: Denmark: Retail employment, 2002-06
                                                                                • Food retailing in Denmark
                                                                                  • Figure 149: Denmark: Food, drink & tobacco retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 150: Denmark: Food, beverages & tobacco retailers' sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 151: Denmark: Major food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Denmark
                                                                                  • Figure 152: Denmark: Non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 153: Denmark: Department and variety stores sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 154: Denmark: Major department & variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 155: Denmark: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 156: Denmark: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 157: Denmark: Furniture and household goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 158: Denmark: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 159: Denmark: Electrical goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 160: Denmark: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 161: Denmark: DIY & hardware goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 162: Denmark: Major DIY and hardware retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 163: Denmark: Cultural, leisure & other non-food product retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 164: Denmark: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 165: Denmark: Health and beauty products retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 166: Denmark: Major health and beauty products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 167: Denmark: Mail order sales, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Figure 168: Denmark: Leading mail order operations, 2008/09
                                                                                • Major retailers in Denmark
                                                                                  • Figure 169: Leading retailers in the Danish market, 2008/09
                                                                                  • Figure 170: Major Danish retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                • Legislative and property issues in Danish retailing
                                                                                  • Shopping hours
                                                                                    • Property matters
                                                                                      • Figure 171: Denmark: Shopping streets in principal Danish cities, 2009
                                                                                      • Figure 172: Denmark: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                    • Estonia

                                                                                        • The Estonian retail scene
                                                                                          • Estonia in figures
                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                              • Figure 173: Estonia: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                              • Figure 174: Estonia: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                                                                                              • Figure 175: Estonia: Major regions and cities, 2009
                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                              • Figure 176: Estonia: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                              • Figure 177: Estonia: Consumer prices, 2000-08
                                                                                              • Figure 178: Estonia: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                              • Figure 179: Estonia: Consumer expenditure per household, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 180: Estonia: Detailed breakdown of spending on consumer goods, 2003-07
                                                                                            • Estonian retailing in figures
                                                                                              • Figure 181: Estonia: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                              • Figure 182: Estonia: Breakdown of retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 183: Estonia: Retail enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 184: Estonia: Outlet numbers and sales area, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                              • Figure 185: Estonia: Retail employment, 2003-07
                                                                                            • Food retailing in Estonia
                                                                                              • Figure 186: Estonia: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 187: Estonia: Food, drink and tobacco enterprises and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 188: Estonia: Identified food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in Estonia
                                                                                              • Figure 189: Estonia: Sales of non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 190: Estonia: Department stores and mixed goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 191: Estonia: Department stores and mixed goods retailers – enterprises and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 192: Estonia: Identified department store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                              • Figure 193: Estonia: Clothing retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 194: Estonia: Clothing, footwear and textile retailers – enterprises and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 195: Estonia: Identified clothing retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                              • Figure 196: Estonia: Household goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 197: Estonia: Household goods retailers – enterprises and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 198: Estonia: Identified household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                              • Figure 199: Estonia: Miscellaneous specialists’ retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 200: Estonia: Other specialists – Employees and enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 201: Estonia: Miscellaneous specialist retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                              • Figure 202: Estonia: Health and beauty retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                              • Figure 203: Estonia: Health and beauty retailers – enterprises and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                              • Figure 204: Estonia: Identified health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                            • Major retailers in Estonia
                                                                                              • Figure 205: Estonia: Leading retailers in the Estonian market, 2008
                                                                                              • Figure 206: Major Estonian retailers with foreign operations, 2008
                                                                                            • Legislative and property issues in Estonian retailing
                                                                                              • Shopping hours
                                                                                                • Property matters
                                                                                                  • Figure 207: Estonia: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                  • Figure 208: Estonia: Shopping streets and areas in principal cities, 2009
                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                • Finland

                                                                                                    • The Finnish retail scene
                                                                                                      • Finland in figures
                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                          • Figure 209: Finland: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 210: Finland: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                          • Figure 211: Finland: Households, December 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 212: Finland: Major regions and cities, by inhabitants, 2007 and 2008
                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                          • Figure 213: Finland: Gross domestic product, 1997-2008
                                                                                                          • Figure 214: Finland: Consumer prices, 1998-2008
                                                                                                          • Figure 215: Finland: Consumer expenditure, 1996-2008
                                                                                                          • Figure 216: Finland: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                        • Finnish retailing in figures
                                                                                                          • Figure 217: Finland: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                          • Figure 218: Finland: Breakdown of retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 219: Finland: Retail enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 220: Finland: Retail outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 221: Finland: Retail employment by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                        • Food retailing in Finland
                                                                                                          • Figure 222: Finland: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 223: Finland: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 224: Finland: Food, drink and tobacco enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 225: Finland: Food, drink and tobacco retail outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 226: Finland: Major food, beverages and tobacco retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Finland
                                                                                                          • Figure 227: Finland: Sales of non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 228: Finland: Sales of department & variety stores, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 229: Finland: Department & variety stores: Enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 230: Finland: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 231: Finland: Sales of clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 232: Finland: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers: Enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 233: Finland: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 234: Finland: Sales of furniture and home furnishing retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 235: Finland: Furniture and home furnishing retailers: Enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 236: Finland: Major furniture and home furnishings retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 237: Finland: Sales of electrical goods retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 238: Finland: Electrical goods retailers: Enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 239: Finland: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 240: Finland: Sales of DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 241: Finland: DIY, hardware and garden products retailers: Enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 242: Finland: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 243: Finland: Sales of cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 244: Finland: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers: Enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 245: Finland: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 246: Finland: Sales of health and beauty retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 247: Finland: Health and beauty retailers – enterprises, outlets and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 248: Finland: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 249: Finland: Mail order retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 250: Finland: Mail order retailers: Enterprises and employees, 2003-07
                                                                                                          • Figure 251: Finland: Major mail order operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                        • Major retailers in Finland
                                                                                                          • Figure 252: Leading retailers in the Finnish market, 2008/09
                                                                                                          • Figure 253: Major Finnish retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                        • Legislative and property issues in Finnish retailing
                                                                                                          • Shopping hours
                                                                                                            • Property issues
                                                                                                              • Figure 254: Finland: Shopping streets in principal Finnish cities, 2009
                                                                                                              • Figure 255: Finland: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                            • France

                                                                                                                • The French retail scene
                                                                                                                  • France in figures
                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                      • Figure 256: France: Population trends, 2004-09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 257: France: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                                                                                                                      • Figure 258: France: Average number of people per household, 1990-2030
                                                                                                                      • Figure 259: France: Population of regions, 1997, 2002 and 2007
                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                      • Figure 260: France: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                      • Figure 261: Consumer prices, 2000-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 262: France: Household consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                      • Figure 263: France: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                    • French retailing in figures
                                                                                                                      • Figure 264: France: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 265: France: Retail sales breakdown by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 266: France: Retail enterprises, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 267: France: Ownership of retail enterprises by type and sector, 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 268: France: Number of retail outlets, by type, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 269: France: Retail employment, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2005 and 2007
                                                                                                                      • Figure 270: France: Retail employment (average), 2006
                                                                                                                    • Food retailing in France
                                                                                                                      • Figure 271: France: Food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 272: France: Food, drink and tobacco retailers' sales by type of outlet, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 273: France: Food, drink and tobacco retail enterprises, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 274: France: Food, drink and tobacco retail outlets, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 275: France: Hypermarket data, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                      • Figure 276: France: Hypermarket sales by type of goods, 2000, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                      • Figure 277: France: Supermarkets, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                      • Figure 278: France: Discount food stores, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                      • Figure 279: France: Major food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                    • Non-food retailing in France
                                                                                                                      • Figure 280: France: Non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 281: France: Department and variety stores – sales and outlets, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 282: France: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 283: France: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers – sales, 2004-08 and enterprise numbers, 1998-2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 284: France: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers – Number of outlets, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 285: France: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 286: France: Furniture retailers – sales, 2004-08 and furniture and furniture retailers, enterprise numbers, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 287: France: Furniture and household goods retailers – Number of outlets, 1998, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 288: France: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 289: France: Electrical goods retailers – sales, 2004-08 and enterprise numbers, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 290: France: Electrical goods retailers – Number of outlets, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 291: France: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 292: France: DIY retailers – Sales, 2004-08 and DIY, hardware and garden products retailers enterprise numbers, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 293: France – DIY retailer’s outlet numbers 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 294: France: DIY retailer’s outlet numbers, data for large outlets, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Figure 295: France: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 296: France: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers – sales, 2004-08 and enterprise numbers, 1995-1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 297: France: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers – Number of outlets, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 298: France: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 299: France: Health & beauty retailers – sales, 2004-08 and enterprise numbers, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 300: France: Pharmacy and health & beauty retailers number of outlets, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 301: France: Major health and beauty product retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 302: France: Home shopping sales, 2004-08 and enterprises 1996-2006
                                                                                                                      • Figure 303: France: Proportion of consumers purchasing items online by product category, 2007
                                                                                                                      • Figure 304: France: Major home shopping operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in France
                                                                                                                      • Figure 305: Major retailers in the French market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                      • Figure 306: Major French retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                    • Legislative and property issues in French retailing
                                                                                                                      • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                        • Property matters
                                                                                                                          • Figure 307: France: Shopping streets in principal French cities, 2009
                                                                                                                          • Figure 308: France: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                        • Germany

                                                                                                                            • The German retail scene
                                                                                                                              • Germany in figures
                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 309: Germany: Population trends, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 310: Germany: Population by age group, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 311: Germany: Households, 2006-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 312: Germany: Population by region and major city, 2007
                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 313: Germany: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 314: Germany: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 315: Germany: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 316: Germany: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                • German retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 317: Germany: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 318: Germany: Retail sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 319: Germany: Retail businesses, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 320: Germany: Retail outlets, 2000, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 321: Germany: Retail employment, 2000-05
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 322: Germany: Retail employment, 1996-2003
                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Germany
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 323: Germany: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 324: Germany: Detailed breakdown of food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 325: Germany: Food, drink and tobacco retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07, and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 326: Germany: Self-service grocery outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 327: Germany: Number of food retailer stores by type, 1990, 1993-2000 and 2003-05
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 328: Germany: Food retail store sales by type, 1990, 1993-2000 and 2003-05
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 329: Germany: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Germany
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 330: Germany: Non-food retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 331: Germany: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 332: Germany: Mixed goods retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07, and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 333: Germany: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 334: Germany: Clothing, textiles and footwear specialist retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 335: Germany: Clothing and textiles sales by channel of distribution and number of enterprises, 2006 and 2007
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 336: Germany: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-2007, and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 337: Germany: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 338: Germany: Furniture retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 339: Germany: Furniture and household goods retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07 and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 340: Germany: Leading furniture buying groups, 2006
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 341: Germany: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 342: Germany: Electricals retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 343: Germany: Specialist electrical goods retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07, and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 344: Germany: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 345: Germany: DIY and hardware retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 346: Germany: DIY and hardware retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07, and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 347: Germany: Major DIY and hardware products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 348: Germany: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 349: Germany: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 350: Germany: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers – Number of outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 351: Germany: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 352: Germany: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 353: Germany: Health and beauty retailers – Number of enterprises, 2003-07, and outlets, 2002 and 2004
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 354: Germany: Pharmacies and drugstores – Sales and outlet numbers, 2000-06
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 355: Germany: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 356: Germany: Mail order retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 357: Germany: Mail order retailers – Enterprise numbers, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 358: Germany: Major mail order operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                • Major retailers in Germany
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 359: Major retailers in the German market, 2007/08
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 360: Major German retailers with foreign operations, 2008
                                                                                                                                • Legislative and property issues in German retailing
                                                                                                                                  • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                    • Property matters
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 361: Germany: Shopping streets in principal German cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 362: Germany: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                      • Greece

                                                                                                                                          • The Greek retail scene
                                                                                                                                            • Greece in figures
                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 363: Greece: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 364: Greece: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 365: Greece: Households, 2001
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 366: Greece: Population of regions, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 367: Greece: Gross domestic product, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 368: Greece: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 369: Greece: Consumer expenditure, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 370: Greece: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                              • Greek retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 371: Greece: Estimated retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 372: Greece: Estimated retail sales by category, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 373: Greece: Retail enterprises, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 374: Greece: Retail outlets, 2002
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 375: Greece: Retail employment, 2000-05
                                                                                                                                              • Food retailing in Greece
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 376: Greece: Estimated Food retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 377: Greece: Estimated Breakdown of food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 378: Greece: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                              • Non-food retailing in Greece
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 379: Greece: Estimated non-food retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 380: Greece: Mixed goods stores' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 381: Greece: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 382: Greece: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 383: Greece: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2007/08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 384: Greece: Household goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 385: Greece: Major household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 386: Greece: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 387: Greece: Miscellaneous non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 388: Greece: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 389: Greece: Health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 390: Greece: Non-store retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 391: Greece: Non-store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                              • Major retailers in Greece
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 392: Greece, Leading retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                              • Legislative and property issues in Greek retailing
                                                                                                                                                • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                  • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 393: Greece: Shopping streets in principal Greek cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 394: Greece: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                  • Hungary

                                                                                                                                                      • The Hungarian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                        • Hungary in figures
                                                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 395: Hungary: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 396: Hungary: Population, by age group and gender, 2004-06
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 397: Hungary: Population, by region, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 398: Hungary: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 399: Hungary: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 400: Hungary: Consumer expenditure, 1997-2007
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 401: Hungary: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure per capita, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                          • Hungarian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 402: Hungary: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 403: Hungary: Retail sales breakdown, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 404: Hungary: Retail outlets, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 405: Hungary: Retail space, December 2008
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 406: Hungary: Number of shops operating in shopping centres, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 407: Hungary: Retail shops operated by enterprises with foreign majority ownership, 2004-07
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 408: Hungary: Retail enterprises by number of shops, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 409: Hungary: Identified leading retailers in Hungary, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                          • Legislative and property issues in Hungarian retailing
                                                                                                                                                            • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                              • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 410: Hungary: Shopping streets in principal cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 411: Hungary: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                              • Ireland

                                                                                                                                                                  • The Irish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                    • Ireland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 412: Republic of Ireland: Population by gender, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 413: Republic of Ireland: Population age profile, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 414: Republic of Ireland: Household data, 1996, 2002 and 2006
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 415: Republic of Ireland: Average household size, 1998-2002 and 2006
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 416: Republic of Ireland: Population by county, 2002 and 2006
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 417: Republic of Ireland: Population of major cities, 2002 and 2006
                                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 418: Republic of Ireland: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 419: Republic of Ireland: Consumer prices, 2001-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 420: Republic of Ireland: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 421: Republic of Ireland: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                      • Irish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 422: Ireland: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 423: Ireland: Retail sales by broad sector, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 424: Ireland: Retail businesses by broad category, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 425: Ireland: Breakdown of retail enterprises by turnover band, 2006
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 426: Ireland: Retail employment, 2004-06
                                                                                                                                                                      • Food retailing in Ireland
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 427: Ireland: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 428: Ireland: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 429: Ireland: Food, drink and tobacco enterprise numbers, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 430: Ireland: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailing in Ireland
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 431: Ireland: Non-food retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 432: Ireland: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08, and enterprise numbers, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 433: Ireland: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 434: Ireland: Clothing, textiles and footwear sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 435: Ireland: Clothing, textiles and footwear retail businesses, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 436: Ireland: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 437: Ireland: Furniture, homewares and electrical goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 438: Ireland: Furniture, homewares and electrical goods businesses, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 439: Ireland: Major furniture, homewares and electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 440: Ireland: DIY, Hardware and garden products retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 441: Ireland: DIY, hardware and garden products retailers’ businesses, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 442: Ireland: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 443: Ireland: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 444: Ireland: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailer businesses, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 445: Ireland: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 446: Ireland: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 36: Ireland: Health and beauty – businesses, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 447: Ireland: Major health and beauty product retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 448: Ireland: Non-store retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 449: Ireland: Home shopping operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                      • Major retailers in Ireland
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 450: Leading retailers in the Irish market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 451: Major Irish retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                      • Legislative and property issues in Irish retailing
                                                                                                                                                                        • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                          • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 452: Ireland: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 453: Ireland: Shopping streets in principal Irish cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                            • Italy

                                                                                                                                                                                • The Italian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Italy in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 454: Italy: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 455: Italy: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 456: Italy: Households, average size, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 457: Italy: Population, by region, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 458: Italy: Population of major cities, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 459: Italy: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 460: Italy: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 461: Italy: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 462: Italy: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Italian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 463: Italy: Estimated retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 464: Italy: Retail sales breakdown, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 465: Italy: Retail enterprises, by sector, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 466: Italy: Retail employment by sector, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 467: Italy: Modern retail channels – Outlets by region, 1998-2001, 2003, 2006 and 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 468: Italy: Modern retail formats – Outlets and sales area, 1997-2001, 2003 and 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Food retailing in Italy
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 469: Italy: Estimated sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 470: Italy: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ estimated sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 471: Italy: Food retailers' enterprises and employees, 2003-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 472: Italy: Hypermarkets, 1997-2003 and 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 473: Italy: Supermarkets, 1997-2003 and 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 474: Italy: Hard discount stores, 1997-2000, 2003 and 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 475: Italy: Cash & carries, 1997-2003 and 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 476: Italy: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Non-food retailing in Italy
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 477: Italy: Estimated sales of non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 478: Italy: Estimated sales of department and variety stores, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 479: Italy: Department and variety stores, 1997-2003 and 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 480: Italy: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 481: Italy: Estimated sales of clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 482: Italy: Clothing, textiles and footwear enterprises, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 483: Italy: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 484: Italy: Estimated sales of furniture and electricals retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 485: Italy: Furniture and electricals retailers’ enterprise and employee numbers, 2002-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 486: Italy: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 487: Italy: Estimated sales of DIY retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 488: Italy: DIY retailers’ enterprise and employee numbers, 2002-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 489: Italy: Major DIY retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 490: Italy: Estimated sales of cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 491: Italy: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers – Enterprise and employee numbers, 2002-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 492: Italy: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 493: Italy: Estimated sales of health and beauty retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 494: Italy: Health and beauty retailers – Enterprises and employee numbers, 2003-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 495: Italy: Major health and beauty products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 496: Italy: Mail order market, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 497: Italy: Non-store retailers – Enterprises and employee numbers, 2003-05
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 498: Italy: Leading mail order operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Italy
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 499: Leading retailers in the Italian market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 500: Italian retailers with foreign interests, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Legislative and property issues in Italian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 501: Italy: Shopping streets in principal Italian cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 502: Italy: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Latvia

                                                                                                                                                                                              • The Latvian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Latvia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 503: Latvia: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 504: Latvia: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 505: Latvia: Major cities and towns by population, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 506: Latvia: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 507: Latvia: Consumer prices, 2002-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 508: Latvia: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 509: Latvia: Detailed breakdown of consumer spending, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Latvian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 510: Latvia: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 511: Latvia: Breakdown of retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 512: Latvia: Retail enterprises by sector, 2003-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 513: Latvia: Retail outlets, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 514: Latvia: Retail outlets by size, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 515: Latvia: Retail employment by sector, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Food retailing in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 516: Latvia: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 517: Latvia: Food, drink and tobacco enterprises, 2003-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 518: Latvia: Identified food retailers, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 519: Latvia: Sales of non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 520: Latvia: Sales of Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 521: Latvia: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers – enterprises and employees, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 522: Latvia: Identified clothing retailers, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 523: Latvia: Household goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 524: Latvia: Household goods retailers – enterprises and employees, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 525: Latvia: Identified household goods retailers, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 526: Latvia: Other specialist retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 527: Latvia: Other specialist retailers – enterprises and employees, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 528: Latvia: Identified miscellaneous retailers, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 529: Latvia: Health and beauty retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 530: Latvia: Health and beauty retail – enterprises and employees, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 531: Latvia: Identified health and beauty retailers, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Major retailers in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 532: Latvia: Leading retailers in the Latvian market, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Legislative and property issues in Latvian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 533: Latvia: Shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 534: Latvia: Shopping streets and areas in principal cities, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Lithuania

                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The Lithuanian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Lithuania in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 535: Lithuania: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 536: Lithuania: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 537: Lithuania: Major counties and towns, 2008-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 538: Lithuania: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 539: Lithuania: Consumer prices, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 540: Lithuania: Household consumption expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 541: Lithuania: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Lithuanian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 542: Lithuania: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 543: Lithuania: Breakdown of retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 544: Lithuania: Retail enterprises, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 545: Lithuania: Retail employment, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 546: Lithuania: Outlet numbers, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 547: Lithuania: Retail space, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 548: Lithuania: Retail outlets by region, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Food retailing in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 549: Lithuania: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 550: Lithuania: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 551: Lithuania: Food retail enterprises, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 552: Lithuania: Food retail outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 553: Lithuania: Food retail employment, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 554: Lithuania: Identified food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Non-food retailing in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 555: Lithuania: Sales of non-food retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 556: Lithuania: Textile, clothing and footwear retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 557: Lithuania: Textile, clothing and footwear retail enterprises, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 558: Lithuania: Textile, clothing and footwear retail employment, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 559: Lithuania: Textile, clothing and footwear retail outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 560: Lithuania: Identified clothing retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 561: Lithuania: Household goods retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 562: Lithuania: Household goods retail enterprises, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 563: Lithuania: Household goods retail employment, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 564: Lithuania: Household goods retail outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 565: Lithuania: Identified households goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 566: Lithuania: Miscellaneous specialist retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 567: Lithuania: Miscellaneous specialist retailers – employment, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 568: Lithuania: Miscellaneous specialist retailers' outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 569: Lithuania: Identified cultural and leisure goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 570: Lithuania: Health and beauty retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 571: Lithuania: Health and beauty retail enterprises, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 572: Lithuania: Health and beauty retail employment, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 573: Lithuania: Health and beauty retail outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 574: Lithuania: Identified health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Major retailers in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 575: Lithuania: Leading retailers in the Lithuanian market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 576: Major Lithuanian retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Legislative and property issues in Lithuanian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 577: Lithuania: Shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 578: Lithuania: Shopping streets and areas in principal cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Luxembourg

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The Luxembourg retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Luxembourg in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 579: Luxembourg: Population trends, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 580: Luxembourg: Population, by age group and gender, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 581: Luxembourg: Population by county (Cantons), January 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 582: Luxembourg: Gross domestic product, 1997-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 583: Luxembourg: Consumer prices, 2001-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 584: Luxembourg: Consumer expenditure, 1997-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 585: Luxembourg: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, by category, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Luxembourg retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 586: Luxembourg: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 587: Luxembourg: Retail sales by sector, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 588: Luxembourg: Retail enterprises, 2001-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 589: Luxembourg: Retail employment, 2001-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 590: Major retailers in Luxembourg, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Legislative and property issues in retailing in Luxembourg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 591: Luxembourg: Shopping streets in principal cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 592: Luxembourg: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Netherlands

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The Dutch retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Netherlands in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 593: The Netherlands: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 594: The Netherlands: Population, by age group, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 595: The Netherlands: Households, January 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 596: The Netherlands: Major regions and cities, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 597: The Netherlands: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 598: The Netherlands: Consumer prices, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 599: The Netherlands: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 600: The Netherlands: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Dutch retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 601: The Netherlands: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 602: The Netherlands: Breakdown of retail sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 603: The Netherlands: Retail enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 604: The Netherlands: Outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 605: The Netherlands: Retail employment, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 606: The Netherlands: Retail employment by type of retailer, 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Food retailing in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 607: The Netherlands: Food, beverage and tobacco retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 608: The Netherlands: Food, beverages & tobacco retailers – Sales, 2004-08, enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 609: The Netherlands: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailing in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 610: The Netherlands: Non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 611: The Netherlands: Mixed goods retailers – Sales 2004-08, enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 612: The Netherlands: Major department store, variety and mixed goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 613: The Netherlands: Clothing, textiles & footwear retailers – Sales, 2004-08, Enterprise numbers, 2003-07 and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 614: The Netherlands: Leading clothing, footwear and textiles specialists, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 615: The Netherlands: Furniture and homewares retailers – Sales, 2004-08, enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 616: The Netherlands: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 617: The Netherlands: Electrical and related goods retailers – Sales, 2004-08, Enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 618: The Netherlands: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 619: The Netherlands: DIY and hardware products retailers – Sales, 2004-08, enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 620: The Netherlands: Major DIY and hardware products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 621: The Netherlands: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers – Sales, 2004-08, enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 622: The Netherlands: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 623: The Netherlands: Health & beauty retailers – Sales, 2004-08, enterprise numbers, 2003-07, and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 624: The Netherlands: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 625: The Netherlands: Mail order retailers, sales, 2004-08, and enterprises, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 626: The Netherlands: Mail order operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Major retailers in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 627: Major retailers in the Dutch market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 628: Major Dutch retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Legislative and property issues in Dutch retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 629: The Netherlands: Shopping streets in principal Dutch cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 630: The Netherlands: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Norway

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Norwegian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Norway in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 631: Norway: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 632: Norway: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 633: Norway: Number of households by type, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 634: Norway: Population by region, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 635: Norway: Population of major cities, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 636: Norway: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 637: Norway: Consumer prices, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 638: Norway: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 639: Norway: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Norwegian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 640: Norway: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 641: Norway: Retail sales by sector, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 642: Norway: Retail businesses by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 643: Norway: Retail outlets by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 644: Norway: Retail employment, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Food retailing in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 645: Norway: food and daily goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 646: Norway: food and daily goods retailers – sales by category, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 647: Norway: Food and daily goods retailers – number of outlets, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 648: Norway: Major food and daily goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Non-food retailing in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 649: Non-food retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 650: Norway: Mixed goods retailers – Sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 651: Norway: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers – Sales and outlets, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 652: Norway: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 653: Norway: Furniture and furnishings retailers – sales & outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 654: Norway: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 655: Norway: Electrical goods retailers – sales and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 656: Norway: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 657: Norway: DIY and hardware retailers – Sales and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 658: Norway: Major DIY and hardware retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 659: Norway: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers – Sales & outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 660: Norway: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 661: Norway: Health and beauty retailers – Sales and outlet numbers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 662: Norway: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 663: Norway: Home shopping sector, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 664: Norway: Mail order operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 665: Major retailers in the Norwegian market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 666: Major Norwegian retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Legislative and property issues in Norwegian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 667: Norway: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Poland

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The retail scene in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Poland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 668: Poland: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 669: Poland: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 670: Poland: Household size, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 671: Poland: Population of major cities, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 672: Poland: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 673: Poland: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 674: Poland: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 675: Poland: Consumer spending breakdown, by category, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 676: Poland: Breakdown of average monthly per capita expenditure of households, 1999, 2001, 2003 and 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Polish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 677: Poland: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 678: Poland: Retail sales breakdown, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 679: Poland: Breakdown of retail enterprises by number of outlets, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 680: Poland: Retail outlets by sector, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 681: Poland: Retail outlets and sales area by regions, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 682: Poland: Retail outlets by size, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 683: Poland: Leading food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 684: Poland: Leading non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major retailers in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 685: Major retailers in the Polish market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Legislative and property issues in Polish retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 686: Poland: Shopping streets in principal Polish cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 687: Poland: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Portugal

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Portuguese retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Portugal in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 688: Portugal: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 689: Portugal: Population by age group, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 690: Portugal: Households, 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 691: Portugal: Estimated population by regions and major cities, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 692: Portugal: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 693: Portugal: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 694: Portugal: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 695: Portugal: Consumer spending breakdown, by category, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Portuguese retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 696: Portugal: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 697: Portugal: Retail sales by type of retailer, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 698: Portugal: Retail enterprises by type of retailer, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 699: Portugal: Retail outlets by sector, 2004 and 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 700: Portugal: Retail outlets by region, 2003-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 701: Portugal: Retail employment by sector, 2004 and 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Food retailing in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 702: Portugal: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 703: Portugal: Sales of food and daily goods retailers by type of store, 2001 and 2003-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 704: Portugal: Sales of food products by type of store, 2001 and 2003-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 705: Portugal: Food and daily goods – Outlet numbers, 2001-05
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 706: Portugal: Major food retailers, 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 707: Portugal: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 708: Portugal: Non-food retailers' sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 709: Portugal: Non-food retailers' outlets, 2001, 2004 and 2005
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 710: Portugal: Major non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 711: Major retailers in the Portuguese market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Legislative and property issues in Portuguese retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 712: Portugal: Shopping streets in principal Portuguese cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 713: Portugal: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Romania

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Romanian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Romania in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 714: Romania: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 715: Romania: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 716: Romania: Population by regions and counties, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 717: Romania: Gross domestic product, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 718: Romania: Consumer prices, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 719: Romania: Consumer expenditure, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 720: Romania: Breakdown of consumer spending, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Romanian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 721: Romania: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 722: Romania: Estimated retail sales breakdown, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 723: Romania: Retail enterprises by sector, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 724: Romania: Number of retail shops by size category, 2003-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 725: Romania: Identified retailers in Romania, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Legislative and property issues in Romanian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 726: Romania: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Russia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Russian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Russia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 727: Russia: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 728: Russia: Population, by age group, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 729: Russia: Population of major cities, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 730: Russia: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 731: Russia: Consumer prices, 2002-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 732: Russia: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 733: Russia: Proportion of household budget spend by category, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Russian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 734: Russia: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 735: Russia: Retail sales by commodity, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 736: Russia: Retail sales by region, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 737: Russia: Share of organised retail in sales by region, 1995, 2000 and 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 738: Russia: Retail establishments by sector, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 739: Russia: Retail Employment, 1996, 2000 and 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Food retailing in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 740: Russia: Retail sales of food, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 741: Russia: Retail establishments by sector, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 742: Russia: Leading food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Non-food retailing in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 743: Russia: Retail sales of non-food goods, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 744: Russia: Non-food retail establishments by sector, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 745: Russia: Identified clothing and footwear retailers in Russia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 746: Russia: Identified electricals retailers in Russia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 747: Russia: Identified DIY and furniture retailers in Russia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 748: Russia: Identified health and beauty retailers in Russia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 749: Russia: Other identified retailers in Russia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 750: Russia: Largest identified retailers in Russia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 751: Major Russian retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Legislative and property issues in Russian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 752: Russia: Shopping streets in principal Russian cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 753: Russia: Identified major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Slovak Republic

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The Slovak retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Slovak Republic in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 754: Slovak Republic: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 755: Slovak Republic: Population by age group, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 756: Slovak Republic: Population of major regions, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 757: Slovak Republic: Population of major cities, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 758: Slovak Republic: Gross domestic product, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 759: Slovak Republic: Consumer prices, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 760: Slovak Republic: Consumer expenditure, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 761: Slovak Republic: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Slovak retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 762: Slovak Republic: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 763: Slovak Republic: Breakdown of retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 764: Slovak Republic: Retail employment by activity, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 765: Identified retailers in Slovak Republic, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Legislative and property issues in Slovakian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 766: Slovak Republic: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Slovenia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Slovenian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Slovenia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 767: Slovenia: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 768: Slovenia: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 769: Slovenia: Households, 2002
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 770: Slovenia: Population by region, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 771: Slovenia: Population of major cities, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 772: Slovenia: Gross domestic product, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 773: Slovenia: Consumer prices, 2003-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 774: Slovenia: Consumer expenditure, 2000-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 775: Slovenia: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Slovenian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 776: Slovenia: Estimated retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 777: Slovenia: Estimated breakdown of retail sales by type of store, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 778: Retail enterprises by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 779: Slovenia: Retail outlets by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 780: Slovenia: Identified retailers in Slovenia, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 781: Major Slovenian retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Legislative and property issues in Slovenian retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Property issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 782: Shopping centres in Slovenia, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Spain

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Spanish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Spain in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 783: Spain: Population trends, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 784: Spain: Population, by age group and gender, 2009 (p)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 785: Spain: Households by number of members, 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 786: Spain: Population by region, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 787: Spain: Population by province, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 788: Spain: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 789: Spain: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 790: Spain: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 791: Spain: Detailed breakdown of expenditure on consumer goods, 2006-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Spanish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 792: Spain: Estimated retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 793: Spain: Estimated retail sales breakdown, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 794: Spain: Retail enterprises, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 795: Spain: Geographical distribution of retail enterprises, 2005, 2007 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 796: Spain: Retail enterprises by number of employees, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 797: Spain: Retail outlets, 2005, 2007 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 798: Spain: Geographical distribution of retail outlets, 2005, 2007 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 799: Spain: Retail employment by sector, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Food retailing in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 800: Spain: Estimated food, drink and tobacco retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 801: Spain: Hypermarkets, 1973-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 802: Spain: Hypermarkets by sales area, 2002-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 803: Spain: Selected leading hypermarket operators, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 804: Spain: Leading 30 supermarket operators in figures, 1996-2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 805: Spain: Leading supermarket operators, key figures, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 806: Spain: Leading discounters, 2007/08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 807: Spain: Hypermarkets, supermarkets, discount stores and cash & carries, by region 2007/08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 808: Spain: Major food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 809: Spain: Estimated non-food retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 810: Spain: Mixed goods retailers sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 811: Spain: Major department and mixed goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 812: Spain, Estimated clothing, footwear and textiles retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 813: Spain: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 814: Spain, Estimated furniture and household goods retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 815: Spain: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 816: Spain, Estimated DIY retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 817: Spain: Major DIY and related goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 818: Spain, Estimated miscellaneous specialists’ retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 819: Spain: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 820: Spain, Estimated health and beauty retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 821: Spain: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 822: Spain: Mail order retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 823: Spain: Mail order operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major retailers in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 824: Major retailers in the Spanish market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 825: Major Spanish retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Legislative and property issues in Spanish retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 826: Spain: Shopping streets in principal Spanish cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 827: Spain: Evolution of shopping centres, 1996-2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 828: Spain: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Sweden

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The Swedish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Sweden in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 829: Sweden: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 830: Sweden: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 831: Sweden: Households by size, 2006-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 832: Sweden: Population by county, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 833: Sweden: Population of major cities, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 834: Sweden: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 835: Sweden: Consumer prices, 2001-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 836: Sweden: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 837: Sweden: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Swedish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 838: Sweden: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 839: Sweden: Retail sales by sector, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 840: Sweden: Retail businesses by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 841: Sweden: Retail employment by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Food retailing in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 842: Sweden: Retail sales of food, beverages and tobacco, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 843: Sweden: Food and daily goods sales 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 844: Sweden: Major food and daily goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailing in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 845: Sweden: Non-food retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 846: Sweden: Department and mixed goods stores sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 847: Sweden: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 848: Sweden: Clothing, footwear and textiles retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 849: Sweden: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 850: Sweden: Furniture and household goods sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 851: Sweden: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 852: Sweden: Electrical goods sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 853: Sweden: Major electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 854: Sweden: DIY and hardware sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 855: Sweden: Major DIY and hardware retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 856: Sweden: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 857: Sweden: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 858: Sweden: Health and beauty sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 859: Sweden: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 860: Sweden: Mail order retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 861: Sweden: Home shopping operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Major retailers in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 862: Leading retailers in the Swedish market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 863: Major Swedish retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Legislative and property issues in Swedish retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 864: Sweden: Shopping streets in principal Swedish cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 865: Sweden: Leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Switzerland

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • The Swiss retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Switzerland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 866: Switzerland: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 867: Switzerland: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 868: Switzerland: Number of households, 2000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 869: Switzerland: Population by cantons, 2006-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 870: Switzerland: Population major metropolitan areas and cities, 2005-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 871: Switzerland: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 872: Switzerland: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 873: Switzerland: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 874: Switzerland: Consumer expenditure, by category, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Swiss retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 875: Switzerland: Estimated retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 876: Switzerland: Estimated retail sales by category, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 877: Switzerland: Retail enterprises by sector, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 878: Switzerland: Retail outlets (places of work) by sector, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 879: Switzerland: Employees by sector, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Food retailing in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 880: Switzerland: Estimated food, drink and tobacco retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 881: Switzerland: Food and general goods – retail outlets, 1985-2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 882: Switzerland: Breakdown of general food outlets by size, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 883: Switzerland: Food, drink and tobacco enterprise and outlet numbers, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 884: Switzerland: Major food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 885: Switzerland: Estimated non-food retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 886: Switzerland: Department and variety stores, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 887: Switzerland: Major department and variety store retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 888: Switzerland: Clothing, textiles and footwear – Numbers of outlets and enterprises, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 889: Switzerland: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 890: Switzerland: Furniture, household and electrical goods stores – numbers of outlets, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 891: Switzerland: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 892: Switzerland: DIY – Number of outlets and enterprises, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 893: Switzerland: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 894: Switzerland: Cultural, leisure and other non-food stores – Number of outlets and enterprises, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 895: Switzerland: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 896: Switzerland: Pharmacies and personal goods – Number of outlets, 1995, 1998 and 2001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 897: Switzerland: Pharmacies and personal goods – Number of outlets, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 898: Switzerland: Major health and beauty products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 899: Switzerland: Home shopping operators, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Major retailers in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 900: Leading retailers in the Swiss market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 901: Major Swiss retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Legislative and property issues in Swiss retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 902: Switzerland: Shopping streets in principal Swiss cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 903: Switzerland: leading shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Turkey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The Turkish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Turkey in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 904: Turkey: Population by gender, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 905: Turkey: Population, by age group and gender, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 906: Turkey: Population of major cities and towns, 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 907: Turkey: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 908: Turkey: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 909: Turkey: Consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Turkish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 910: Estimated retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 911: Identified retailers in the Turkey, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • United Kingdom

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The UK retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The UK in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 912: UK: Population trends, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 913: UK: Population, by age group and gender, 2008 (p)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 914: UK: Households, 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 915: UK: Population of regions and major cities, 2004, 2006 and 2007
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 916: UK: Gross domestic product, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 917: UK: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 918: UK: Consumer expenditure, 1999-2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 919: UK: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • UK retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 920: UK: Retail sales, 2004-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 921: UK: Retail sales by broad sector, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 922: UK: Retail businesses, outlets and employment, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 923: UK: Retail outlets by sector, 2003-07
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 924: UK: Retail concentration, 2006
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 925: UK: Leading retailers’ share of all retailers’ sales, 1998, 2000 and 2005-06
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Food retailing in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 926: UK: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 927: UK: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 928: UK: Major food and drink and CTN retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailing in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 929: UK: Non-food and mixed goods retailers sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 930: UK: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 931: UK: Major department and mixed goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 932: UK: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 933: UK: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 934: UK: Furniture and electrical goods retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 935: UK: Major furniture, homewares and electrical goods retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 936: UK: DIY and hardware retailers’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 937: UK: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 938: UK: Miscellaneous specialists’ sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 939: UK: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 940: UK: Health and beauty retail sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 941: UK: Major health and beauty retailers, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 942: UK: Mail order sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 943: UK: Mail order operators 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Major retailers in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 944: Major retailers in the UK market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 945: Major UK retailers with foreign operations, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Legislative and property issues in UK retailing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Shopping hours
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Property matters
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 946: UK: Shopping streets in principal UK cities, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 947: UK: Major shopping centres, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            European Retail Handbook - September 2009

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            US $912.90 (Excl.Tax)