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European Retail Handbook - September 2012

This is the 16th edition of the European Retail Handbook. Like its predecessors, it is designed to provide the essential background information to understanding the retail scene in each European country. We cover 36 countries, the smallest of which is Luxembourg with just 500,000 people, around half of which are expatriates. Countries smaller than Luxembourg are unlikely to interest anyone looking across European retailing. There are two countries that are larger but we do not yet cover. They are Montenegro and Kosovo. The former has a population of 620,000, GDP of €3.1 billion and retail sales just short of €1 billion. GDP per capita would put it just above Moldova in the table below. Kosovo is somewhat larger with a population of 1.73 million (ie bigger than Estonia, see below), has GDP of €4 billion and GDP per capita of €2,300, putting it on a par with Ukraine. We will add them in due course. They are interesting for their longer term potential rather than for what they contribute to the pan-European economy at the moment.

The European Retail Handbook provides demographic and economic data in support of specific and detailed analysis of retail trade in each country. The retail information relates to sales at national level and on a key sector basis, as well as the structure of the trade in terms of businesses, outlets and employees. Additionally, major retailers and retail groupings are identified with an indication of their size and relative importance. Other useful information includes synopses of the retail scene in each country and contact points for sources of further information. The statistical information in the Handbook has been derived principally from official national or pan-European sources, while the company data has been obtained either directly from the organisations concerned or through trade press reports and duly acknowledged research bodies. Both have been reinforced by Mintel estimates and projections where necessary and we have made every effort to point out anomalies and differences in methodologies and definitions across the various countries.

Retail sales data and company turnover figures are stated excluding sales tax in order to make the data more comparable. In the majority of cases the presentation of the retail sales figures is straightforward, as the official data is detailed and reliable. There are instances, however, where Mintel has had to use its own estimates and projections to produce credible figures. Countries where official data is lacking or unreliable include Belgium, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and some of the Eastern/Central European countries. Retail sales figures are presented up to 2011 for all countries and in most cases we have also included our forecasts for 2012 for the topline figures.

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Pan European Comparison

      • Population
        • Figure 1: Europe: Population, by country, 2011
        • Figure 2: Europe: Population, by country, 2011
      • GDP
        • Figure 3: Europe: GDP by country and per capita, 2011
        • Figure 4: Europe: GDP per capita, 2011
      • Consumer expenditure
        • Figure 5: Europe: Consumer expenditure, by country and per capita, 2011
        • Figure 6: Europe: Consumer expenditure per capita, 2011
      • Retail sales
        • Figure 7: Europe: Retail sales, by country and per capita, 2011
        • Figure 8: Retail sales per capita, 2011
      • Exchange rates
        • Figure 9: Average Annual European Exchange rates: €, £ and $, 2011
    • Albania

        • The Albanian retail scene
          • Albania in figures
            • Population
              • Figure 10: Albania: Population trends, 2007-11
              • Figure 11: Albania: Population, by age group and gender, 2010
              • Figure 12: Albania: Population, by prefecture, 2011
            • Economy
              • Figure 13: Albania: Gross domestic product, 2000-11
              • Figure 14: Albania: Consumer prices, 2007-11
              • Figure 15: Albania: Final household consumption, 2000-11
            • Albanian retailing in figures
              • Figure 16: Albania: Retail sales, 2007-11
              • Figure 17: Albania: Retail sales, detailed sector performance index, 2005-11
            • Identified retailers
              • Contacts and sources
              • Austria

                  • The Austrian retail scene
                    • Austria in figures
                      • Population
                        • Figure 18: Austria: Population trends, 2008-12
                        • Figure 19: Austria: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                        • Figure 20: Austria: Households 2007-11
                        • Figure 21: Austria: Regions, 2007-11
                      • Economy
                        • Figure 22: Austria: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                        • Figure 23: Austria: Consumer prices inflation, 2007-11
                        • Figure 24: Austria: Households consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                        • Figure 25: Austria: Detailed breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2007-11
                      • Austrian retailing in figures
                        • Figure 26: Austria: Retail sales, 2007-12
                        • Figure 27: Austria: Retail sales by category, 2008-11
                        • Figure 28: Austria: Retail enterprises and employment by category, 2009 and 2010
                      • Food retailing in Austria
                        • Figure 29: Austria: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                        • Figure 30: Austria: Major food retailers, 2011/12
                      • Non-food retailing in Austria
                        • Figure 31: Austria: Mixed goods stores' sales, 2007-11
                        • Figure 32: Austria: Major department and variety store retailers, 2011/12
                        • Figure 33: Austria: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                        • Figure 34: Austria: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                        • Figure 35: Austria: Household and electricals specialists’ sales, 2008-11
                        • Figure 36: Austria: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2011/12
                        • Figure 37: Austria: Major DIY retailers, 2011/12
                        • Figure 38: Austria: Health and beauty specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                        • Figure 39: Austria: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers’ sales, 2008-11
                        • Figure 40: Austria: Mail order and other non-store sales, 2008-11
                        • Figure 41: Austria: Major mail order operators, 2011/12
                      • Major retailers in Austria
                        • Figure 42: Leading retailers in the Austrian market, 2011/12
                        • Figure 43: Major Austrian retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                      • Major shopping malls
                        • Figure 44: Austria: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                      • Contacts and sources
                      • Belarus

                          • The Belarusian retail scene
                            • Belarus in figures
                              • Population
                                • Figure 45: Belarus: Population trends, 2008-12
                                • Figure 46: Belarus: Population, by prefecture, 2008-12
                              • Economy
                                • Figure 47: Belarus: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                • Figure 48: Belarus: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                • Figure 49: Belarus: Final household consumption, 2005-10
                                • Figure 50: Belarus: Breakdown of final household consumption, 2006-10
                              • Belarusian retailing in figures
                                • Figure 51: Belarus: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                • Figure 52: Belarus: Retail enterprises, 2007-11
                              • Major retailers in Belarus
                                • Figure 53: Belarus: Identified retailers, 2011/12
                              • Contacts and sources
                              • Belgium

                                  • The Belgian retail scene
                                    • Belgium in figures
                                      • Population
                                        • Figure 54: Belgium: Population trends, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 55: Belgium: Population, by age group, 2011
                                        • Figure 56: Belgium: Households, 2000-09
                                        • Figure 57: Belgium: Population by major region, 2007-11
                                      • Economy
                                        • Figure 58: Belgium: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                        • Figure 59: Belgium: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 60: Belgium: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                        • Figure 61: Belgium: Detailed breakdown of household expenditure, 2007-11
                                      • Belgian retailing in figures
                                        • Figure 62: Belgium: Retail sales, 2007-12(f)
                                        • Figure 63: Belgium: Retail sales breakdown, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 64: Belgium: Retail enterprises, 2008 and 2009
                                        • Figure 65: Belgium: Retail outlets, 2006-10
                                        • Figure 66: Belgium: Retail store numbers and sales area, 2010
                                      • Food retailing in Belgium
                                        • Figure 67: Belgium: Food, drink and tobacco retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 68: Belgium: Number of food retail stores, 2006-10
                                        • Figure 69: Belgium: Food retail stores by region, 2010
                                        • Figure 70: Belgium: Major food retailers, 2011/12
                                      • Non-food retailing in Belgium
                                        • Figure 71: Belgium: Non-food retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 72: Belgium: Mixed goods retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 73: Belgium: Department and variety store retailers, 2010/11
                                        • Figure 74: Belgium: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 75: Belgium: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                        • Figure 76: Belgium: Household goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 77: Belgium: Household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                        • Figure 78: Belgium: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 79: Belgium: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2010/11
                                        • Figure 80: Belgium: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 81: Belgium: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                        • Figure 82: Belgium: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                        • Figure 83: Belgium: Major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                      • Major retailers in Belgium
                                        • Figure 84: Leading retailers in the Belgian market, 2011/12
                                        • Figure 85: Major Belgian retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                      • Major shopping malls
                                        • Figure 86: Belgium: Leading shopping centres, 2011/12
                                      • Contacts and sources
                                      • Bulgaria

                                          • The Bulgarian retail scene
                                            • Bulgaria in figures
                                              • Population
                                                • Figure 87: Bulgaria: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                • Figure 88: Bulgaria: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                • Figure 89: Bulgaria: Population by district and municipality, 2007-11
                                              • Economy
                                                • Figure 90: Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                • Figure 91: Bulgaria: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                • Figure 92: Bulgaria: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                • Figure 93: Bulgaria: Average annual expenditure per household, 2007-11
                                              • Bulgarian retailing in figures
                                                • Figure 94: Bulgaria: Retail sales by food category, 2007-11
                                                • Figure 95: Bulgaria: Retail outlets by product category, 2007-10
                                              • Major retailers in Bulgaria
                                                • Figure 96: Bulgaria: Identified retailers, 2011/12
                                              • Major shopping malls
                                                • Figure 97: Bulgaria: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                              • Contacts and sources
                                              • Croatia

                                                  • The Croatian retail scene
                                                    • Croatia in figures
                                                      • Population
                                                        • Figure 98: Croatia: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                        • Figure 99: Croatia: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                        • Figure 100: Croatia: Population by districts and city of Zagreb, 2010
                                                      • Economy
                                                        • Figure 101: Croatia: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                        • Figure 102: Croatia: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                        • Figure 103: Croatia: Final household consumption, 2002-11
                                                        • Figure 104: Croatia: Average annual personal consumption per household, 2006-10
                                                      • Croatia retailing in figures
                                                        • Figure 105: Croatia: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                        • Figure 106: Croatia: Wholesale and Retail trade, outlets and employee data, 2006-10
                                                      • Major retailers in Croatia
                                                        • Figure 107: Croatia: Leading retailers, 2011/12
                                                      • Property matters
                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                        • Czech Republic

                                                            • The Czech retail scene
                                                              • Czech Republic in figures
                                                                • Population
                                                                  • Figure 108: Czech Republic: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                  • Figure 109: Czech Republic: Population, by age group and sex, 2011
                                                                  • Figure 110: Czech Republic: Population of major cities, 2009-11
                                                                  • Figure 111: Czech Republic: Distribution of households by number of household members, 2011
                                                                • Economy
                                                                  • Figure 112: Czech Republic: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                  • Figure 113: Czech Republic: Consumer prices index, 2007-11
                                                                  • Figure 114: Czech Republic: Households’ consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                  • Figure 115: Czech Republic: Breakdown of households’ consumption expenditure, 2007-10
                                                                • Czech retailing in figures
                                                                  • Figure 116: Czech Republic: Estimated retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                  • Figure 117: Czech Republic: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                  • Figure 118: Major retailers in the Czech Republic, 2011
                                                                • Major shopping malls
                                                                  • Figure 119: Czech Republic: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                • Denmark

                                                                    • The Danish retail scene
                                                                      • Denmark in figures
                                                                        • Population
                                                                          • Figure 120: Denmark: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                          • Figure 121: Denmark: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                          • Figure 122: Denmark: Households, 2008-12
                                                                          • Figure 123: Denmark: Population by province, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 124: Denmark: Population by major city, 2007-11
                                                                        • Economy
                                                                          • Figure 125: Denmark: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                          • Figure 126: Denmark: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 127: Denmark: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                          • Figure 128: Denmark: Breakdown of household expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                        • Danish retailing in figures
                                                                          • Figure 129: Denmark: Retail sales, 2007-12 (f)
                                                                          • Figure 130: Denmark: Retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 131: Denmark: Retail enterprises by sector, 2005-09
                                                                          • Figure 132: Denmark: Retail outlets (places of work), 2006-10
                                                                          • Figure 133: Denmark: Retail employment, 2009-10
                                                                        • Food retailing in Denmark
                                                                          • Figure 134: Denmark: Food, drink & tobacco retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 135: Denmark: Food, beverages & tobacco retailers' sales by type of retailer, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 136: Denmark: Major food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2011/12
                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Denmark
                                                                          • Figure 137: Denmark: Non-food retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 138: Denmark: Mixed goods retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 139: Denmark: Major department & variety store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                          • Figure 140: Denmark: Clothing & footwear retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 141: Denmark: Major clothing & footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                          • Figure 142: Denmark: Household goods retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 143: Denmark: Major household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                          • Figure 144: Denmark: Cultural, leisure & other non-food product retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 145: Denmark: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                          • Figure 146: Denmark: Health & beauty products retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 147: Denmark: Major health & beauty products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                          • Figure 148: Denmark: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                          • Figure 149: Denmark: Identified major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                        • Major retailers in Denmark
                                                                          • Figure 150: Leading retailers in the Danish market, 2011/12
                                                                          • Figure 151: Major Danish retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                        • Major shopping malls
                                                                          • Figure 152: Denmark: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                        • Estonia

                                                                            • The Estonian retail scene
                                                                              • Estonia in figures
                                                                                • Population
                                                                                  • Figure 153: Estonia: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                  • Figure 154: Estonia: Population, by age group and sex, 2012
                                                                                  • Figure 155: Estonia: Major cities by population, 2007-11
                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                  • Figure 156: Estonia: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                  • Figure 157: Estonia: Consumer prices index, 2007-11
                                                                                  • Figure 158: Estonia: Households’ consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                  • Figure 159: Estonia: Breakdown of households’ consumption expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                • Estonian retailing in figures
                                                                                  • Figure 160: Estonia: Retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                  • Figure 161: Estonia: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                  • Figure 162: Estonia: Number of retail enterprises by sector, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                  • Figure 163: Estonia: Outlet numbers and sales area, 2008 and 2010
                                                                                  • Figure 164: Estonia: Retail employment by sector, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                • Food retailing in Estonia
                                                                                  • Figure 165: Estonia: Sales of food, drink, and tobacco retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                  • Figure 166: Estonia: Major food retailers, 2011
                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Estonia
                                                                                  • Figure 167: Estonia: Sales of non-food retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                  • Figure 168: Estonia: Major non-food retailers, 2011
                                                                                • Major retailers in Estonia
                                                                                  • Figure 169: Estonia: Identified leading retailers, 2011
                                                                                • Major shopping malls
                                                                                  • Figure 170: Estonia: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                  • Figure 171: Estonia: Shopping streets and areas in principal cities, 2012
                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                • Finland

                                                                                    • The Finnish retail scene
                                                                                      • Finland in figures
                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                          • Figure 172: Finland: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 173: Finland: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                          • Figure 174: Finland: Households, December 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 175: Finland: Major regions by inhabitants, 2007-11
                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                          • Figure 176: Finland: Gross domestic product, 2002-2011
                                                                                          • Figure 177: Finland: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 178: Finland: Consumer expenditure, 2002-2011
                                                                                          • Figure 179: Finland: Breakdown of household consumption expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                        • Finnish retailing in figures
                                                                                          • Figure 180: Finland: Retail sales, 2007-12 (f)
                                                                                          • Figure 181: Finland: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 182: Finland: Retail enterprises, 2007-10
                                                                                          • Figure 183: Finland: Retail outlets, 2007-10
                                                                                        • Food retailing in Finland
                                                                                          • Figure 184: Finland: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 185: Finland: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 186: Finland: Major food, beverages and tobacco retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Finland
                                                                                          • Figure 187: Finland: Non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 188: Finland: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 189: Finland: Major department and variety store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                          • Figure 190: Finland: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 191: Finland: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                          • Figure 192: Finland: Household goods retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 193: Finland: Major household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                          • Figure 194: Finland: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 195: Finland: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                          • Figure 196: Finland: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 197: Finland: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                          • Figure 198: Finland: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Figure 199: Finland: Major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                        • Major retailers in Finland
                                                                                          • Figure 200: Leading retailers in the Finnish market, 2011/12
                                                                                          • Figure 201: Major Finnish retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                        • Major shopping malls
                                                                                          • Figure 202: Finland: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                        • France

                                                                                            • The French retail scene
                                                                                              • France in figures
                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                  • Figure 203: France: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                  • Figure 204: France: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                  • Figure 205: France: Average number of people per household, 1990-2030
                                                                                                  • Figure 206: France: Population of regions, 1998 and 2008
                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                  • Figure 207: France: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 208: France: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 209: France: Household consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 210: France: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                                • French retailing in figures
                                                                                                  • Figure 211: France: Retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                  • Figure 212: France: Retail sales breakdown by type of retailer, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 213: France: Retail enterprises, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                  • Figure 214: France: Retail employment, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                • Food retailing in France
                                                                                                  • Figure 215: France: Food retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 216: France: Food, drink and tobacco retailers' sales by type of outlet, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 217: France: Hypermarket data, 2000-09
                                                                                                  • Figure 218: France: Supermarkets, 2000-09
                                                                                                  • Figure 219: France: Discount food stores, 2000-09
                                                                                                  • Figure 220: France: Major food, drink & tobacco retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in France
                                                                                                  • Figure 221: France: Non-food retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 222: France: Department and variety stores – sales and outlets, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 223: France: Major department and variety store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 224: France: Clothing and footwear retailers – sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 225: France: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 226: France: Furniture and electricals retailers – sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 227: France: Major furniture, electricals and household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 228: France: DIY retailers – Sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 229: France: DIY retailer outlet numbers, data for large outlets, 2005-09
                                                                                                  • Figure 230: France: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 231: France: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers – sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 232: France: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 233: France: Health & beauty retailers – sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 234: France: Leading beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 235: France: Home shopping sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                  • Figure 236: France: Proportion of online consumers purchasing items online in previous six months by product category, 2012
                                                                                                  • Figure 237: France: Major home shopping operators, 2011/12
                                                                                                • Major retailers in France
                                                                                                  • Figure 238: Major retailers in the French market, 2011/12
                                                                                                  • Figure 239: Major French retailers with foreign operations, 2010/11
                                                                                                • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                  • Figure 240: France: Major shopping centres, 2011
                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                • Germany

                                                                                                    • The German retail scene
                                                                                                      • Germany in figures
                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                          • Figure 241: Germany: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 242: Germany: Population by age group, 2007-10
                                                                                                          • Figure 243: Germany: Households, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 244: Germany: Population by state, 2009-10
                                                                                                          • Figure 245: Germany: Populations of former East and West Germany
                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                          • Figure 246: Germany: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 247: Germany: GDP (current prices) and GDP per capita by state, 2010-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 248: Germany: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 249: Germany: Households’ consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 250: Germany: Breakdown of households’ consumption expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                                        • German retailing in figures
                                                                                                          • Figure 251: Germany: Retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                          • Figure 252: Germany: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 253: Germany: Breakdown of retail enterprises by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                          • Figure 254: Germany: Breakdown of store numbers by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                          • Figure 255: Germany: Breakdown of number of persons employed by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                        • Food retailing in Germany
                                                                                                          • Figure 256: Germany: Food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 257: Germany: Leading food retailers, 2011
                                                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Germany
                                                                                                          • Figure 258: Germany: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 259: Leading mixed-goods retailers, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 260: Germany: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 261: Germany: Leading clothing and footwear specialists, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 262: Germany: DIY and hardware retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 263: Germany: Leading DIY retailers, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 264: Germany: Furniture specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 265: Germany: Leading furniture retailers, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 266: Germany: Electrical goods specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 267: Germany: Leading electrical goods specialists, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 268: Germany: Health and beauty specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 269: Germany: Leading beauty specialists, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 270: Germany: Cultural, leisure, and other non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 271: Germany: Major cultural, leisure, and other non-food specialists, 2011
                                                                                                          • Figure 272: Germany: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                          • Figure 273: Germany: Leading non-store retailers, 2011
                                                                                                        • Major retailers in Germany
                                                                                                          • Figure 274: Germany: Leading retailers in the German market, 2011
                                                                                                        • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                          • Figure 275: Germany: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                        • Greece

                                                                                                            • The Greek retail scene
                                                                                                              • Greece in figures
                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                  • Figure 276: Greece: Estimated population, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 277: Greece: Estimated population, by age group, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 278: Greece: Population by region, 2011
                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                  • Figure 279: Greece: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 280: Greece: Consumer prices index, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 281: Greece: Households consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 282: Greece: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2007-10
                                                                                                                • Greek retailing in figures
                                                                                                                  • Figure 283: Greece: Retail sales, 2007-12f
                                                                                                                  • Figure 284: Greece: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Greece
                                                                                                                  • Figure 285: Greece: Food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 286: Greece: Major food retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Greece
                                                                                                                  • Figure 287: Greece: Mixed goods retailers’/department stores' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 288: Greece: Identified leading department store retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                  • Figure 289: Clothing, footwear, and textiles specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 290: Greece: Identified leading clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                  • Figure 291: Greece: Household goods specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 292: Greece: Identified leading household goods retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                  • Figure 293: Other specialists’ retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 294: Greece: Major miscellaneous non-food retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                  • Figure 295: Greece: Non-store retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                  • Figure 296: Greece: Selected major non-store retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                • Major retailers in Greece
                                                                                                                  • Figure 297: Greece: Identified leading retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                  • Figure 298: Greece: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                • Hungary

                                                                                                                    • The Hungarian retail scene
                                                                                                                      • Hungary in figures
                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                          • Figure 299: Hungary: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                          • Figure 300: Hungary: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                          • Figure 301: Hungary: Population, by region, 2007-11
                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                          • Figure 302: Hungary: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 303: Hungary: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 304: Hungary: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 305: Hungary: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure per capita, 2006-10
                                                                                                                        • Hungarian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                          • Figure 306: Hungary: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 307: Hungary: Retail sales breakdown, 2007-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 308: Hungary: Retail outlets, 2007-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 309: Hungary: Retail enterprises by number of shops, 2007-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 310: Hungary: Average retail space, 2007-11
                                                                                                                          • Figure 311: Hungary: Identified leading retailers in Hungary, 2011/12
                                                                                                                        • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                          • Figure 312: Hungary: Leading shopping malls, 2012
                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                        • Ireland

                                                                                                                            • The Irish retail scene
                                                                                                                              • Ireland in figures
                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 313: Ireland: Estimated population by gender, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 314: Ireland: Breakdown of population by age group and sex, 2011
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 315: Ireland: Population by province, county, and major city, 2011
                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 316: Ireland: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 317: Ireland: Consumer prices index, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 318: Ireland: Households consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 319: Ireland: Breakdown of household consumption expenditure, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                • Irish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 320: Ireland: Retail sales, 2007-12f
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 321: Ireland: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 322: Breakdown of enterprise numbers, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 323: Ireland: Breakdown of total employee numbers, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Ireland
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 324: Ireland: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 325: Ireland: Identified leading food retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Ireland
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 326: Ireland: Mixed goods retailers’/department stores’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 327: Ireland: Identified leading department store/mixed goods retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 328: Ireland: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 329: Ireland: Identified leading clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 330: Ireland: Furniture, electrical goods, and DIY retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 331: Ireland: Identified leading furniture, electrical goods, and DIY retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 332: Ireland: Health & beauty, and other specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 333: Ireland: Major health & beauty, cultural goods, and other specialists, 2011
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 334: Ireland: Major home shopping operators, 2012
                                                                                                                                • Major retailers in Ireland
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 335: Ireland: Identified leading retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                                • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 336: Republic of Ireland: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                              • Italy

                                                                                                                                  • The Italian retail scene
                                                                                                                                    • Italy in figures
                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 337: Italy: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 338: Italy: Population, by age group and gender, 2011 (p)
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 339: Italy: Population, by region, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 340: Italy: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 341: Italy: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 342: Italy: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 343: Italy: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                      • Italian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 344: Italy: Estimated retail sales, 2007-2012
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 345: Italy: Retail sales by type of retailer, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 346: Italy: Retail enterprises, by sector, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 347: Italy: Retail employment by type of retailer, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 348: Italy: Modern food retail formats – outlet numbers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                      • Food retailing in Italy
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 349: Italy: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ estimated sales by type of retailer, 2007-2011
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 350: Italy: Major food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailing in Italy
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 351: Italy: Estimated sales of non-food retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 352: Italy: Estimated sales of department and variety stores, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 353: Italy: Major department and variety store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 354: Italy: Estimated sales of clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 355: Italy: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 356: Italy: Estimated sales of furniture, electricals and DIY retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 357: Italy: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 358: Italy: Major DIY retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 359: Italy: Estimated sales of cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 360: Italy: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 361: Italy: Estimated sales of health and beauty retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 362: Italy: Major health and beauty products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 363: Italy: Estimated sales of mail order retailers and online operators, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 364: Italy: Leading mail order and online operators, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                      • Major retailers in Italy
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 365: Leading retailers in the Italian market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                      • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 366: Italy: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                      • Latvia

                                                                                                                                          • The Latvian retail scene
                                                                                                                                            • Latvia in figures
                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 367: Latvia: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 368: Latvia: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 369: Latvia: Major cities and towns by population, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 370: Latvia: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 371: Latvia: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 372: Latvia: Households consumption expenditure, 2001-10
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 373: Latvia: Breakdown of household consumption expenditure, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                              • Latvian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 374: Latvia: Retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 375: Latvia: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 376: Latvia: Retail enterprises by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 377: Latvia: Retail employment by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                              • Food retailing in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 378: Latvia: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 379: Latvia: Identified leading food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                              • Non-food retailing in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 380: Latvia: Sales of non-food retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 381: Latvia: Identified leading non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                              • Major retailers in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 382: Latvia: Leading identified retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                              • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 383: Latvia: Shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                              • Lithuania

                                                                                                                                                  • The Lithuanian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                    • Lithuania in figures
                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 384: Lithuania: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 385: Lithuania: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 386: Lithuania: Major cities and towns by population, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 387: Lithuania: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 388: Lithuania: Consumer prices inflation, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 389: Lithuania: Households consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 390: Lithuania: Detailed breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                      • Lithuanian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 391: Lithuania: Retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 392: Lithuania: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 393: Lithuania: Outlet numbers and sales area, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                      • Food retailers in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 394: Lithuania: Identified leading food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailers in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 395: Lithuania: Identified leading non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                      • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 396: Lithuania: Shopping centres, 2011
                                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                      • Luxembourg

                                                                                                                                                          • The Luxembourg retail scene
                                                                                                                                                            • Luxembourg in figures
                                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 397: Luxembourg: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 398: Luxembourg: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 399: Luxembourg: Population by county (cantons), 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 400: Luxembourg: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 401: Luxembourg: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 402: Luxembourg: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 403: Luxembourg: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, by category, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                              • Luxembourg retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 404: Luxembourg: Retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 405: Luxembourg: Retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 406: Luxembourg: Retail units by sector, 2005-08
                                                                                                                                                              • Major retailers in Luxembourg
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 407: Luxembourg, Leading retailers, 2011
                                                                                                                                                              • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 408: Luxembourg: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                              • Macedonia

                                                                                                                                                                  • The Macedonian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                    • Macedonia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 409: Macedonia: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 410: Macedonia: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 411: Macedonia: Population by region, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 412: Macedonia: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 413: Macedonia: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 414: Macedonia: Final household consumption, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 415: Consumer spending, detailed breakdown 2007-10 (a)
                                                                                                                                                                      • Macedonian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 416: Macedonia: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 417: Retail outlets, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 418: Retail sales and outlets by region, 2010
                                                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                      • Moldova

                                                                                                                                                                          • The Moldovan retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                            • Moldova in figures
                                                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 419: Moldova: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 420: Moldova: Population, by age and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 421: Moldova: Population, by district, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 422: Moldova: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 423: Moldova: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 424: Moldova: Final household consumption, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 425: Moldova: Breakdown of average monthly per capita household consumption, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                              • Moldovan retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 426: Moldova: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 427: Moldova: Retail outlets and space, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                              • Major retailers in Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 428: Moldova: Identified retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                              • Netherlands

                                                                                                                                                                                  • The Dutch retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Netherlands in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 429: The Netherlands: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 430: The Netherlands: Population by age group, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 431: The Netherlands: Households, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 432: The Netherlands: Major cities, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 433: The Netherlands: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 434: The Netherlands: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 435: The Netherlands: Households’ consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 436: The Netherlands: Breakdown of consumer spending, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Dutch retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 437: The Netherlands: Retail sales, 2007-12 (f)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 438: The Netherlands: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 439: The Netherlands: Retail enterprises, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 440: The Netherlands: Outlet numbers, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Food retailing in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 441: The Netherlands: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 442: The Netherlands: Major food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Non-food retailing in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 443: The Netherlands: Non-food retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 444: The Netherlands: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 445: The Netherlands: Major department store and mixed goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 446: The Netherlands: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 447: The Netherlands: Major clothing, footwear & textiles specialists, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 448: The Netherlands: Household goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 449: The Netherlands: Major household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 450: The Netherlands: Cultural, leisure goods and other specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 451: The Netherlands: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 452: The Netherlands: Health and beauty specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 453: The Netherlands: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 454: The Netherlands: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2009 and 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 455: The Netherlands: Identified major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Major retailers in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 456: The Netherlands: Leading retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 457: Major Dutch retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 458: The Netherlands: Leading shopping centres, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Norway

                                                                                                                                                                                          • The Norwegian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Norway in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 459: Norway: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 460: Norway: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 461: Norway: Number of households by type, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 462: Norway: Population by region, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 463: Norway: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 464: Norway: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 465: Norway: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 466: Norway: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Norwegian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 467: Norway: Retail sales, 2007-12 (f)
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 468: Norway: Retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 469: Norway: Retail businesses by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 470: Norway: Retail outlets by sector, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Food retailing in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 471: Norway: Food and daily goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 472: Norway: Food and daily goods retailers – sales by category, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 473: Norway: Major food and daily goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Non-food retailing in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 474: Non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 475: Norway: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 476: Norway: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 477: Norway: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 478: Norway: Household goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 479: Norway: Major household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 480: Norway: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 481: Norway: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 482: Norway: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 483: Norway: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 484: Norway: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 485: Norway: Major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Major retailers in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 486: Major retailers in the Norwegian market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 487: Major Norwegian retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 488: Norway: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Poland

                                                                                                                                                                                                  • The retail scene in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Poland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 489: Poland: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 490: Poland: Population, by age group and gender, 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 491: Poland: Household size, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 492: Poland: Major cities, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 493: Poland: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 494: Poland: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 495: Poland: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 496: Poland: Consumer spending breakdown, by category, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Polish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 497: Poland: Retail sales breakdown, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 498: Poland: Retail sales breakdown, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 499: Poland: Breakdown of retail enterprises, by number of outlets, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 500: Poland: Retail outlets, by sector, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 501: Poland: Retail outlets, by size, 2007-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Food retailing in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 502: Poland: Leading food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Non-food retailers in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 503: Poland: Leading non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 504: Poland: Leading shopping centres, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Portugal

                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Portuguese retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Portugal in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 505: Portugal: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 506: Portugal: Population by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 507: Portugal: Households, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 508: Portugal: Estimated population by regions 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 509: Portugal: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 510: Portugal: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 511: Portugal: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 512: Portugal: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Portuguese retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 513: Portugal: Retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 514: Portugal: Retail sales by type of retailer, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 515: Portugal: Retail enterprises by type of retailer, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 516: Portugal: Retail employment by type of retailer, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Food retailing in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 517: Portugal: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 518: Portugal: Major food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 519: Portugal: Non-food retailers' sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 520: Portugal: Major non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 521: Major retailers in the Portuguese market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 522: Portugal: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Romania

                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Romanian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Romania in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 523: Romania: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 524: Romania: Population, by age group and sex, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 525: Romania: Population, by development region and country, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 526: Romania: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 527: Romania: Harmonised indices of consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 528: Romania: Households consumption expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 529: Romania: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2007-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Romanian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 530: Romania: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 531: Romania: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 532: Romania: Breakdown of enterprise numbers by sector, 2008-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 533: Romania: Breakdown of number of persons employed by sector, 2008-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 534: Romania: Leading retailers in Romania, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 535: Romania: Major shopping malls, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Russia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Russian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Russia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 536: Russia: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 537: Russia: Population, by age group, 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 538: Russia: Population of major cities, 2006-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 539: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 540: Russia: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 541: Russia: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 542: Russia: Proportion of household budget spend by category, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Russian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 543: Russia: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 544: Russia: Retail sales by region, 2006-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 545: Russia: Retail establishments by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 546: Russia: Retail employment, 2005-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Food retailing in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 547: Russia: Retail sales of food, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 548: Russia: Leading food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 549: Russia: Retail sales of non-food goods, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 550: Russia: Identified clothing and footwear retailers in Russia, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 551: Russia: Identified electricals retailers in Russia, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 552: Russia: Identified DIY and furniture retailers in Russia, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 553: Russia: Identified health and beauty retailers in Russia, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 554: Russia: Other identified retailers in Russia, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 555: Russia: Largest identified retailers in Russia, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 556: Major Russian retailers with foreign operations, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 557: Russia: Identified major shopping centres, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Serbia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Serbian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Serbia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 558: Serbia: Estimated population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 559: Serbia: Population, by age and gender, 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 560: Serbia: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 561: Serbia: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 562: Serbia: Final household consumption, 2000-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 563: Serbia: Breakdown of final household consumption, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Serbian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 564: Serbia: Retail sales incl. VAT, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Serbia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 565: Serbia: Identified retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Slovak Republic

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Slovak retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Slovak republic in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 566: Slovak Republic: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 567: Slovak Republic: Population by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 568: Slovak Republic: Population by major region, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 569: Slovak Republic: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 570: Slovak Republic: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 571: Slovak Republic: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 572: Slovak Republic: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, per capita, per month 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Slovak retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 573: Slovak Republic: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 574: Slovak Republic: Breakdown of retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 575: Slovak Republic: Retail employment by activity, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in Slovakia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 576: Identified retailers in Slovak Republic, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 577: Slovak Republic: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Slovenia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Slovenian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Slovenia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 578: Slovenia: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 579: Slovenia: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 580: Slovenia: Population by region, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 581: Slovenia: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 582: Slovenia: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 583: Slovenia: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 584: Slovenia: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Slovenian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 585: Slovenia: Retail sales, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 586: Slovenia: Breakdown of retail sales by type of store, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Slovenia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 587: Slovenia: Identified retailers in Slovenia, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 588: Major Slovenian retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 589: Shopping centres in Slovenia, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Spain

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Spanish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Spain in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 590: Spain: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 591: Spain: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 592: Spain: Population by province, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 593: Spain: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 594: Spain: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 595: Spain: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 596: Spain: Detailed breakdown of expenditure on consumer goods, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Spanish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 597: Spain: Estimated retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 598: Spain: Estimated retail sales by type of retailer, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 599: Spain: Retail enterprise numbers, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 600: Retail employment by type of retailer, 2008 and 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 601: Spain: Regional distribution of retail enterprises, 2009-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 602: Spain: Retail enterprises by number of employees, 2009-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Food retailing in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 603: Spain: Estimated food, drink and tobacco retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 604: Spain: Hypermarkets, 1973-2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 605: Spain: Major food, drink & tobacco retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 606: Spain: Estimated non-food retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 607: Spain: Mixed goods retailers sales, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 608: Spain: Major department and mixed goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 609: Spain, Estimated clothing, footwear and textiles retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 610: Spain: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 611: Spain, Estimated furniture and household goods retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 612: Spain: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 613: Spain, Estimated DIY retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 614: Spain: Major DIY and related goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 615: Spain, Estimated miscellaneous specialists’ retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 616: Spain: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 617: Spain, Estimated health & beauty retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 618: Spain: Major health and beauty retailers, 2010/11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 619: Spain: Mail order retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 620: Spain: Mail order operators, 2010/11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 621: Major retailers in the Spanish market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 622: Spain: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Sweden

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Swedish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Sweden in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 623: Sweden: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 624: Sweden: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 625: Sweden: Households by size, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 626: Sweden: Population by county, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 627: Sweden: Gross domestic product, 2002-2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 628: Sweden: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 629: Sweden: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 630: Sweden: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Swedish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 631: Sweden: Retail sales, 2007-12(f)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 632: Sweden: Retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 633: Sweden: Retail businesses by sector, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 634: Sweden: Retail employment by sector, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Food retailing in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 635: Sweden: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 636: Sweden: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 637: Sweden: Major food and daily goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Non-food retailing in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 638: Sweden: Non-food retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 639: Sweden: Department and mixed goods stores sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 640: Sweden: Major department store and mixed goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 641: Sweden: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 642: Sweden: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 643: Sweden: Household goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 644: Sweden: Major household goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 645: Sweden: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 646: Sweden: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 647: Sweden: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 648: Sweden: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 649: Sweden: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 650: Sweden: Major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 651: Leading retailers in the Swedish market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 652: Major Swedish retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 653: Sweden: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Switzerland

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Swiss retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Switzerland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 654: Switzerland: Population trends, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 655: Switzerland: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 656: Switzerland: Distribution of households by household size, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 657: Switzerland: Population by cantons, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 658: Switzerland: Population by regions, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 659: Switzerland: Gross domestic product, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 660: Switzerland: Harmonised index of consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 661: Switzerland: Household consumption expenditure, 2001-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 662: Switzerland: Breakdown of household consumption expenditure, 2006-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Swiss retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 663: Switzerland: Estimated retail sales, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 664: Switzerland: Estimated retail sales by category, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 665: Switzerland: Outlet numbers for selected sectors, 2007-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 666: Switzerland: Number of enterprises, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 667: Switzerland: Number of persons employed, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Food retailing in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 668: Switzerland: Estimated food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 669: Switzerland: Identified leading food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 670: Switzerland: Estimated non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 671: Switzerland: Estimated mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 672: Switzerland: Identified leading department and variety store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 673: Switzerland: Estimated clothing, textiles and footwear specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 674: Switzerland: Identified leading clothing and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 675: Switzerland: Estimated furniture and electricals specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 676: Switzerland: Identified leading furniture and electrical goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 677: Switzerland: Estimated DIY specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 678: Switzerland: Identified leading DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 679: Switzerland: Estimated other non-food specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 680: Switzerland: Identified leading cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 681: Switzerland: Estimated health and beauty specialists’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 682: Switzerland: Identified leading health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 683: Switzerland: Estimated non-store retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 684: Switzerland: Identified leading home shopping operators, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 685: Switzerland: Identified leading retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 686: Major Swiss retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 687: Switzerland: Leading malls, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Turkey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Turkish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Turkey in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 688: Turkey: Population by gender, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 689: Turkey: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 690: Turkey: Population of major* provinces, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 691: Turkey: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 692: Turkey: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 693: Turkey: Consumer expenditure, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 694: Turkey: Consumer spending breakdown, by category, 2007-2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Turkish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 695: Turkey: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 696: Turkey: Detailed retail sales data, 2009-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 697: Turkey: Retail enterprises, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 698: Identified leading retailers in Turkey, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • UK

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • The UK retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • The UK in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 699: UK, Population, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 700: UK: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 701: UK: Households, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 702: UK: Population of regions and major cities, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 703: UK: Gross domestic product, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 704: UK: Consumer prices, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 705: UK: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 706: UK: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • UK retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 707: UK: Retail sales, 2007-12 (f)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 708: UK: Retail sales by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 709: UK: Retail businesses, outlets and employment, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 710: UK: Retail outlets by sector, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Food retailing in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 711: UK: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 712: UK: Major food and drink retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Non-food retailing in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 713: UK: Non-food and non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 714: UK: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 715: UK: Major department and mixed goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 716: UK: Clothing, textiles and footwear retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 717: UK: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 718: UK: Furniture, carpets and electrical goods retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 719: UK: Major furniture, homewares and electrical goods retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 720: UK: DIY and hardware retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 721: UK: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 722: UK: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 723: UK: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 724: UK: Health and beauty retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 725: UK: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 726: UK: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 727: UK: Major non-store retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major retailers in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 728: Major retailers in the UK market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 729: Major UK retailers with foreign operations, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 730: UK: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Ukraine

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • The Ukrainian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Ukraine in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 731: Ukraine: Resident population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 732: Ukraine: Resident population by age group, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 733: Ukraine: Gross domestic product, 2000-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 734: Ukraine: Consumer prices, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 735: Ukraine: Consumer expenditure, 2001-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 736: Ukraine: Average annual monthly expenditure per household, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Ukrainian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 737: Ukraine: Retail sales, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 738: Ukraine: Retail enterprises by sector, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 739: Ukraine: Retail outlets by sector, 2005-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Major retailers in Ukraine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 740: Leading identified retailers in the Ukrainian market, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Contacts and sources

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    European Retail Handbook - September 2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    £1,495.00 (Excl.Tax)