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European Retail Handbook - September 2013

This is the 17th edition of the European Retail Handbook. Like its predecessors, it is designed to provide the essential background information to understanding the retail scene in each European country. We cover 36 countries, the smallest of which is Luxembourg with just 500,000 people, the largest is Russia with 143 million. 

The European Retail Handbook provides top line demographic and economic data and a more detailed analysis of retail trade in each country. Where possible, retail information is given both at a national and sector basis, as well as the structure of the trade in terms of businesses, outlets and employees. Major retailers and retail groupings are identified with an indication of their size and relative importance. Other useful information includes synopses of the retail scene in each country and contact points for sources of further information.

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

      • Retail sales
      • Pan European Comparison

        • Population
          • Figure 1: Europe: Population, by country, 2012
          • Figure 2: Europe: Population, by country, 2012
        • GDP
          • Figure 3: Europe: GDP by country and per capita, 2012
          • Figure 4: Europe: GDP per capita, 2012
        • Consumer expenditure
          • Figure 5: Europe: Consumer expenditure, by country and per capita, 2012
          • Figure 6: Europe: Consumer expenditure per capita, 2012
        • Retail sales
          • Figure 7: Europe: Retail sales, by country and per capita, 2012
          • Figure 8: Retail sales per capita, 2012
        • Exchange rates
          • Figure 9: Average Annual European exchange rates: €, £ and $, 2012
      • Albania

          • The Albanian retail scene
            • Albania in figures
              • Population
                • Figure 10: Albania: Population trends, 2008-12
                • Figure 11: Albania: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                • Figure 12: Albania: Population, by prefecture, 2011
              • Economy
                • Figure 13: Albania: GDP 2003-12
                • Figure 14: Albania: Consumer prices, annual % change, 2008-12
                • Figure 15: Albania: Final household consumption, 2000-12
              • Albanian retailing in figures
                • Figure 16: Albania: Retail sales growth in current and constant prices, 2003-12
                • Figure 17: Albania: Retail sales, detailed sector performance index, 2008-12
                • Figure 18: Albania: Number of retail enterprises, 2007-11
              • Identified retailers
                • Figure 19: Albania, leading retailers, 2012
              • Contacts and sources
              • Austria

                  • The Austrian retail scene
                    • Austria in figures
                      • Population
                        • Figure 20: Austria: Population trends, 2009-Q1 13
                        • Figure 21: Austria: Population, by age group, Q1 2012
                        • Figure 22: Austria: Households, 2008-12
                        • Figure 23: Austria: Population, by regions, 2008-12
                      • Economy
                        • Figure 24: Austria: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                        • Figure 25: Austria: Consumer prices inflation, annual % change, 2008-12
                        • Figure 26: Austria: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                        • Figure 27: Austria: Detailed breakdown of household expenditure, 2008-12
                      • Austrian retailing in figures
                        • Figure 28: Austria: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 29: Austria: Retail sales by category, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 30: Austria: Retail enterprises and employment by category, 2010 and 2011
                      • Food retailing in Austria
                        • Figure 31: Austria: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 32: Austria: Major food retailers, 2012
                      • Non-food retailing in Austria
                        • Figure 33: Austria: Mixed goods stores’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 34: Austria: Major department and variety store retailers, 2012
                        • Figure 35: Austria: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 36: Austria: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2012
                        • Figure 37: Austria: Household and electricals specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 38: Austria: Major furniture and household goods retailers, 2012
                        • Figure 39: Austria: Major DIY retailers, 2012
                        • Figure 40: Austria: Health and beauty specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 41: Austria: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012
                        • Figure 42: Austria: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 43: Austria: Non-store sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                        • Figure 44: Austria: Major mail order operators, 2012
                      • Major shopping malls
                        • Figure 45: Austria: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                      • Contacts and sources
                      • Belarus

                          • The Belarusian retail scene
                            • Belarus in figures
                              • Population
                                • Figure 46: Belarus: Population trends, 2008-13
                                • Figure 47: Belarus: Population, by prefecture, 2009-13
                              • Economy
                                • Figure 48: Belarus: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                • Figure 49: Belarus: Consumer prices, annual % change, 2008-12
                                • Figure 50: Belarus: Final household consumption, 2005-11
                                • Figure 51: Belarus: Breakdown of final household consumption, 2007-11
                              • Belarusian retailing in figures
                                • Figure 52: Belarus: Retail sales, incl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                • Figure 53: Belarus: Retail entities, 2008-12
                                • Figure 54: Foreign -owned retailers share of all retail sales, 2008-12
                              • Major retailers in Belarus
                                • Figure 55: Belarus: Identified retailers, 2012
                              • Contacts and sources
                              • Belgium

                                  • The Belgian retail scene
                                    • Belgium in figures
                                      • Population
                                        • Figure 56: Belgium: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                        • Figure 57: Belgium: Breakdown of population by age group and gender, 2012
                                        • Figure 58: Belgium: Households, 2000-09
                                        • Figure 59: Belgium: Population by major region, 2008-12
                                      • Economy
                                        • Figure 60: Belgium: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                        • Figure 61: Belgium: Consumer prices, Annual % change, 2008-12
                                        • Figure 62: Belgium: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                        • Figure 63: Belgium: Detailed breakdown of household expenditure, 2007-11
                                      • Belgian retailing in figures
                                        • Figure 64: Belgium: Retail sales, exc. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 65: Belgium: Retail sales breakdown, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 66: Belgium: Retail enterprises, 2009-10
                                      • Food retailing in Belgium
                                        • Figure 67: Belgium: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 68: Belgium: Major food retailers, 2012
                                      • Non-food retailing in Belgium
                                        • Figure 69: Belgium: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 70: Belgium: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, exc. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 71: Belgium: Major department and variety store retailers, 2012
                                        • Figure 72: Belgium: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 73: Belgium: Major clothing, footwear and textiles retailers, 2012
                                        • Figure 74:
                                        • Figure 75: Belgium: Household goods retailers, 2012
                                        • Figure 76: Belgium: Cultural, leisure and other specialist non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 77: Belgium: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists, 2012
                                        • Figure 78: Belgium: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, exc. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 79: Belgium: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012
                                        • Figure 80: Belgium: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                        • Figure 81: Belgium: Major non-store retailers, 2012/13
                                      • Major shopping malls
                                        • Figure 82: Belgium: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                      • Contacts and sources
                                      • Bulgaria

                                          • The Bulgarian retail scene
                                            • Bulgaria in figures
                                              • Population
                                                • Figure 83: Bulgaria: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                • Figure 84: Bulgaria: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                • Figure 85: Bulgaria: Population by district and municipality, 2008-12
                                              • Economy
                                                • Figure 86: Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                • Figure 87: Bulgaria: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                • Figure 88: Bulgaria: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                • Figure 89: Bulgaria: Average annual expenditure per household, at current prices, 2008-12
                                              • Bulgarian retailing in figures
                                                • Figure 90: Bulgaria: Retail sales by category category, excl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                • Figure 91: Bulgaria: Retail outlets by product category, 2007-11
                                              • Major retailers in Bulgaria
                                                • Figure 92: Bulgaria: Identified retailers, 2012/13
                                              • Major shopping malls
                                                  • Figure 93: Bulgaria: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                • Croatia

                                                    • The Croatian retail scene
                                                      • Croatia in figures
                                                        • Population
                                                          • Figure 94: Croatia: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                          • Figure 95: Croatia: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                          • Figure 96: Croatia: Population by districts and city of Zagreb, 2012
                                                        • Economy
                                                          • Figure 97: Croatia: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                          • Figure 98: Croatia: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                          • Figure 99: Croatia: Final household consumption, 2003-12
                                                          • Figure 100: Croatia: Average annual personal consumption per household, 2007-11
                                                        • Croatia retailing in figures
                                                          • Figure 101: Croatia: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                          • Figure 102: Croatia: Wholesale and Retail trade, outlets and employee data, 2007-11
                                                        • Major retailers in Croatia
                                                          • Figure 103: Croatia: Leading retailers, 2012
                                                        • Retail property
                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                          • Czech Republic

                                                              • The Czech retail scene
                                                                • The Czech Republic in figures
                                                                  • Population
                                                                    • Figure 104: Czech Republic: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                    • Figure 105: Czech Republic: Population by gender and age group, 2012
                                                                  • Economy
                                                                    • Figure 106: Czech Republic: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                    • Figure 107: Czech Republic: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                    • Figure 108: Czech Republic: Consumer prices index, annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                    • Figure 109: Czech Republic: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2008-12
                                                                  • Czech Retailing in figures
                                                                    • Figure 110: Czech Republic: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                    • Figure 111: Czech Republic: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                    • Figure 112: Czech Republic: Number of retail enterprises by sector, 2008-10
                                                                    • Figure 113: Czech Republic: Retail employment (full-time equivalent units) by sector, 2008-10
                                                                  • Major retailers in the Czech Republic
                                                                    • Figure 114: Major retailers in the Czech Republic, 2012
                                                                  • Major shopping malls
                                                                    • Figure 115: Czech Republic: Major shopping malls, 2013
                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                  • Denmark

                                                                      • The Danish retail scene
                                                                        • Denmark in figures
                                                                          • Population
                                                                            • Figure 116: Denmark: Population trends, 2009-13
                                                                            • Figure 117: Denmark: Population, by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                            • Figure 118: Denmark: Households, 2009-13
                                                                            • Figure 119: Denmark: Population of largest cities, 2008-12
                                                                          • Economy
                                                                            • Figure 120: Denmark: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                            • Figure 121: Denmark: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                            • Figure 122: Denmark: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                            • Figure 123: Denmark: Breakdown of household expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                                          • Danish retailing in figures
                                                                            • Figure 124: Denmark: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 125: Denmark: Retail sales by sector, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 126: Denmark: Retail enterprises by sector, 2007-11
                                                                            • Figure 127: Denmark: Retail outlets (places of work), 2007-11
                                                                            • Figure 128: Denmark: Retail employment, Full-time equivalents, 2009-11
                                                                          • Food retailing in Denmark
                                                                            • Figure 129: Denmark: Food, drink & tobacco retailers' (a) sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 130: Denmark: Food, beverages and tobacco retailers' (a) sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 131: Denmark: Major food, drink and tobacco retailers, 2012
                                                                          • Non-food retailing in Denmark
                                                                            • Figure 132: Denmark: Non-food retailers' sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 133: Denmark: Major department & variety store retailers, 2012
                                                                            • Figure 134: Denmark: Clothing & footwear retailers' sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 135: Denmark: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                            • Figure 136: Denmark: Household goods retailers' sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 137: Denmark: Major household goods retailers, 2012
                                                                            • Figure 138: Denmark: Cultural, leisure & other non-food product retailers' sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 139: Denmark: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2012
                                                                            • Figure 140: Denmark: Health & beauty products retailers' sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 141: Denmark: Major health & beauty products retailers, 2012
                                                                            • Figure 142: Denmark: Non-store retailers’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                            • Figure 143: Denmark: Leading home shopping operations, 2012
                                                                          • Major shopping malls
                                                                            • Figure 144: Denmark: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                          • Estonia

                                                                              • The Estonian retail scene
                                                                                • Estonia in figures
                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                    • Figure 145: Population by gender, 2009-13
                                                                                    • Figure 146: Population by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                    • Figure 147: Estonia: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                    • Figure 148: Estonia: Consumer prices index: annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                    • Figure 149: Estonia: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                    • Figure 150: Estonia: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2008-12
                                                                                  • Estonian retailing in figures
                                                                                    • Figure 151: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                    • Figure 152: Estonia: breakdown of retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                    • Figure 153: Estonia: Number of retail enterprises by sector, 2008-10
                                                                                    • Figure 154: Estonia: Retail employment (full-time equivalent units), 2008-10
                                                                                  • Food retailing in Estonia
                                                                                    • Figure 155: Estonia: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                    • Figure 156: Estonia: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Estonia
                                                                                    • Estonia: Non-food retail sector sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                    • Figure 157: Estonia: Leading identified non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                  • Major shopping malls
                                                                                    • Figure 158: Estonia: Major shopping malls, 2013
                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                  • Finland

                                                                                      • The Finnish retail scene
                                                                                        • Finland in figures
                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                            • Figure 159: Finland: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                            • Figure 160: Finland: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                            • Figure 161: Finland: Households, December 2008-12
                                                                                            • Figure 162: Finland: Major regions by inhabitants, 2008-12
                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                            • Figure 163: Finland: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                            • Figure 164: Finland: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                            • Figure 165: Finland: Consumer expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2003-12
                                                                                            • Figure 166: Finland: Breakdown of household consumption expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                                                          • Finnish retailing in figures
                                                                                            • Figure 167: Finland: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 168: Finland: Breakdown of retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 169: Finland: Retail enterprises, 2007-11
                                                                                            • Figure 170: Finland: Retail outlets, 2007-11
                                                                                          • Food retailing in Finland
                                                                                            • Figure 171: Finland: Food, beverages & tobacco retailers' sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 172: Finland: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 173: Finland: Major food, beverages and tobacco retailers, 2012
                                                                                          • Non-food retailing in Finland
                                                                                            • Figure 174: Finland: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 175: Finland: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 176: Finland: Major department and variety store retailers, 2012
                                                                                            • Figure 177: Finland: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 178: Finland: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                            • Figure 179: Finland: Household goods retailers' sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 180: Finland: Major household goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                            • Figure 181: Finland: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 182: Finland: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                            • Figure 183: Finland: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 184: Finland: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012
                                                                                            • Figure 185: Finland: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                            • Figure 186: Finland: Major non-store retailers, 2012
                                                                                          • Major shopping malls
                                                                                            • Figure 187: Finland: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                          • France

                                                                                              • The French retail scene
                                                                                                • France in figures
                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                    • Figure 188: France: Population trends, 2009-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 189: France: Population, by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                                    • Figure 190: France: Number of households by size, 2010
                                                                                                    • Figure 191: France: Average number of people per household, 1990-2030
                                                                                                    • Figure 192: France: Population of regions, 1998, 2008 and 2010
                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                    • Figure 193: France: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                    • Figure 194: France: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                    • Figure 195: France: Household consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                    • Figure 196: France: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                                                                  • France retailing in figures
                                                                                                    • Figure 197: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 198: France: Retail sales breakdown, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 199: France: Retail enterprises, 2008-10
                                                                                                    • Figure 200: France: Retail employment, full-time equivalent units, 2008-10
                                                                                                  • Food retailing in France
                                                                                                    • Figure 201: France: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 202: France: Major food, drink & tobacco retailers, 2012
                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in France
                                                                                                    • Figure 203: France: Mixed goods/department store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 204: France: Major department and variety store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                    • Figure 205: France: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 206: France: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                                    • Figure 207: France: Household goods retailers – sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 208: France: Major furniture, electricals and household goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                    • Figure 209: France: DIY retailers – Sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 210: France: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2012
                                                                                                    • Figure 211: France: Cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers – sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 212: France: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2012
                                                                                                    • Figure 213: France: Health and beauty retailers – sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 214: France: Leading beauty retailers, 2012
                                                                                                    • Figure 215: France: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                    • Figure 216: France: The consumer: Percentage of all individuals having ordered goods online in the past 12 months, by category, 2008-12
                                                                                                    • Figure 217: France: Major home shopping operators, 2012
                                                                                                  • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                    • Figure 218: France: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                  • Germany

                                                                                                      • The German retail scene
                                                                                                        • Germany in figures
                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                            • Figure 219: Germany: Population, 2011-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 220: Germany: Population projections, 2008-11
                                                                                                            • Figure 221: Germany: Population by age group, 2008-11
                                                                                                            • Figure 222: Germany: Number of households by household size, 2008-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 223: Germany: Population by state, 2009-11
                                                                                                            • Figure 224: Germany: Populations of former East and West Germany, 2002-11
                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                            • Figure 225: Germany: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 226: Germany: Regional GDP and GDP per-capita, 2011-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 227: Germany: Consumer prices index: annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 228: Germany: Households’ consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 229: Germany: Breakdown of households’ consumption expenditure, 2011-12
                                                                                                            • Figure 230: Germany: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, 2008-11
                                                                                                          • German retailing in figures
                                                                                                            • Figure 231: Germany: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 232: Germany: Retail sales breakdown, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 233: Germany: Number of enterprises, 2008-11
                                                                                                            • Figure 234: Germany: Number of outlets, 2008-11
                                                                                                            • Figure 235: Germany: Number of persons employed, 2008-11
                                                                                                          • Food retailing in Germany
                                                                                                            • Figure 236: Germany: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 237: Germany: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                          • Non-food retailing in Germany
                                                                                                            • Figure 238: Germany: Mixed goods/department store retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 239: Germany: Leading mixed goods/department store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 240: Germany: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 241: Germany: Leading clothing specialists, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 242: Germany: DIY retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 243: Germany: Leading DIY retailers, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 244: Germany: Furniture specialists’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 245: Germany: Leading furniture specialists, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 246: Germany: Electrical and IT/Telecoms retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 247: Germany: Leading electrical goods specialists, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 248: Germany: Health and beauty specialists’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 249: Germany: Leading beauty specialists, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 250: Germany: Cultural, leisure and other specialists’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 251: Germany: Major cultural, leisure and other specialists, 2012
                                                                                                            • Figure 252: Germany: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                            • Figure 253: Germany: Leading non-store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                          • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                            • Figure 254: Germany: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                          • Greece

                                                                                                              • The Greek retail scene
                                                                                                                • Greece in figures
                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                    • Figure 255: Greece: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                                                                    • Figure 256: Greece: Population by age group, 2008-12
                                                                                                                    • Figure 257: Greece: Population by region, 2011
                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                    • Figure 258: Greece: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                    • Figure 259: Greece: Consumer prices index, annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                    • Figure 260: Greece: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                    • Figure 261: Greece: Breakdown of consumer spending, 2008-11
                                                                                                                  • Greek retailing in figures
                                                                                                                    • Figure 262: Greece: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 263: Greece: Breakdown of retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                  • Food retailing in Greece
                                                                                                                    • Figure 264: Greece: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 265: Greece: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Greece
                                                                                                                    • Figure 266: Greece: Mixed goods/department store retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 267: Greece: Leading mixed goods/department store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                    • Figure 268: Greece: Clothing, footwear and textiles specialists’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 269: Greece: Leading clothing and footwear specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                    • Figure 270: Greece: Household goods specialists’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 271: Greece: Leading household goods specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                    • Figure 272: Greece: Other specialists sectors’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 273: Greece: Leading miscellaneous specialist retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                    • Figure 274: Greece: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                    • Figure 275: Greece: Selected major non-store retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                  • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                    • Figure 276: Greece: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                  • Hungary

                                                                                                                      • The Hungarian retail scene
                                                                                                                        • Hungary in figures
                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                            • Figure 277: Hungary: Population by gender, 2009-13
                                                                                                                            • Figure 278: Hungary: Population by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                            • Figure 279: Hungary: Population by region and county, 2012
                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                            • Figure 280: Hungary: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                            • Figure 281: Hungary: Consumer prices index: annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                            • Figure 282: Hungary: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                            • Figure 283: Hungary: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure (incl. VAT), 2008-11
                                                                                                                          • Hungarian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                            • Figure 284: Hungary: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                            • Figure 285: Hungary: Breakdown of retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                            • Figure 286: Hungary: Number of retail outlets, 2008-12
                                                                                                                            • Figure 287: Hungary: Number of retail enterprises, 2008-10
                                                                                                                            • Figure 288: Hungary: Retail employment (full-time equivalent units), 2008-10
                                                                                                                          • Leading retailers in Hungary
                                                                                                                            • Figure 289: Hungary: Identified leading retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                          • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                            • Figure 290: Hungary: Major shopping malls, 2013
                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                          • Ireland

                                                                                                                              • The Irish retail scene
                                                                                                                                • Ireland in figures
                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 291: Ireland: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 292: Ireland: Breakdown of population by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 293: Ireland: Population by regional authority area, 2012
                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 294: Ireland: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 295: Ireland: Consumer prices index, Annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 296: Ireland: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-11
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 297: Ireland: Breakdown of household consumption expenditure, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                  • Irish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 298: Ireland: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 299: Ireland: Breakdown of retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 300: Ireland: Breakdown of enterprise numbers, 2009-11
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 301: Ireland: Breakdown of total employee numbers, 2009-11
                                                                                                                                  • Food retailing in Ireland
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 302: Ireland: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl.VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 303: Ireland: Identified leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Ireland
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 304: Ireland: Mixed goods retailers’/department stores’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 305: Ireland: Identified leading department stores/mixed goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 306: Ireland: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 307: Ireland: Identified leading clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 308: Ireland: Household goods specialists’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 309: Ireland: Identified leading furniture, electrical goods, DIY retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 310: Ireland: Health and beauty, and other specialists’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 311: Ireland: Identified leading health and beauty, cultural goods and other specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 312: Ireland: Major home shopping operators, 2013
                                                                                                                                  • Major shopping malls
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 313: Ireland: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                  • Italy

                                                                                                                                      • The Italian retail scene
                                                                                                                                        • Italy in figures
                                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 314: Italy: Resident population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 315: Italy: Population, by age group and gender, 2011
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 316: Italy: Population, by region, 2011
                                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 317: Italy: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 318: Italy: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 319: Italy: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 320: Italy: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                          • Italian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 321: Italy: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 322: Italy: Retail sales by type of retailer, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 323: Italy: Retail enterprises, by sector, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 324: Italy: Retail employment by type of retailer, number of full-time equivalents, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                          • Food retailing in Italy
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 325: Italy: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 326: Italy: Major food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                          • Non-food retailing in Italy
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 327: Italy: Non-food retailers sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 328: Italy: Mixed goods retailers sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 329: Italy: Major department and variety store retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 330: Italy: Clothing, footwear and textiles retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 331: Italy: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 332: Italy: Furniture, electrical and DIY retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 333: Italy: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 334: Italy: Major DIY retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 335: Italy: Cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 336: Italy: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 337: Italy: Health and beauty retailers sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 338: Italy: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 339: Italy: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 340: Italy: Leading home shopping operators, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                          • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 341: Italy: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                          • Latvia

                                                                                                                                              • The Latvian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                • Latvia in figures
                                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 342: Latvia: Population by gender, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 343: Latvia: Population by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 344: Latvia: Population of major cities, 2013
                                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 345: Latvia: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 346: Latvia: Consumer prices index: Annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 347: Latvia: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 348: Latvia: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, incl. VAT, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                  • Latvian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 349: Latvia: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 350: Latvia: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                  • Food retailing in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 351: Latvia: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 352: Latvia: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Latvia
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 353: Latvia: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 354: Latvia: Leading identified non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                  • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 355: Latvia: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                  • Lithuania

                                                                                                                                                      • The Lithuanian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                        • Lithuania in figures
                                                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 356: Lithuania: Population by gender, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 357: Lithuania: Population by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 358: Lithuania: Ten largest cities by population, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 359: Lithuania: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 360: Lithuania: Consumer prices index: Annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 361: Lithuania: Households consumption expenditure, incl. VAT, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 362: Lithuania: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure, incl. VAT, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                          • Lithuanian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 363: Lithuania: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 364: Lithuania: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 365: Lithuania: Number of retail enterprises, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 366: Lithuania: Retail employment (full-time equivalent units), 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                          • Food retailing in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 367: Lithuania: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 368: Lithuania: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                          • Non-food retailing in Lithuania
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 369: Lithuania: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 370: Lithuania: Leading non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                          • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 371: Lithuania: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                          • Luxembourg

                                                                                                                                                              • The Luxembourg retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                • Luxembourg in figures
                                                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 372: Luxembourg: Population trends, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 373: Population by origin, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 374: Luxembourg: Population, by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 375: Luxembourg: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 376: Luxembourg: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 377: Luxembourg: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 378: Luxembourg: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, by category, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                  • Luxembourg retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 379: Luxembourg: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 380: Luxembourg: Retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 381: Luxembourg: Retail units by sector, 2005-08
                                                                                                                                                                  • Major retailers in Luxembourg
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 382: Luxembourg, Leading retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                  • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 383: Luxembourg: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                  • Macedonia

                                                                                                                                                                      • The Macedonian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                        • Macedonia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 384: Macedonia: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 385: Macedonia: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 386: Macedonia: Population by region, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 387: Macedonia: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 388: Macedonia: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 389: Macedonia: Final household consumption, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 390: Consumer spending, detailed breakdown, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                          • Macedonian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 391: Macedonia: Retail sales, 2001-13
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 392: Macedonia: Retail sales, 2011-13
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 393: Macedonia: Retail outlet numbers, 2000-10
                                                                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                          • Moldova

                                                                                                                                                                              • The Moldovan retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                • Moldova in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 394: Moldova: Population trends, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 395: Moldova: Population, by age and gender, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 396: Moldova: Population, by district, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 397: Moldova: Gross domestic product, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 398: Moldova: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 399: Moldova: Final household consumption, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 400: Moldova: Breakdown of average monthly per capita household consumption, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Moldovan retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 401: Moldova: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 402: Moldova: Retail outlets and space, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Major retailers in Moldova
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 403: Moldova: Identified retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Netherlands

                                                                                                                                                                                      • The Dutch retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                        • The Netherlands in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 404: The Netherlands: Population, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 405: The Netherlands: Population, by age and gender as at 1 January 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 406: The Netherlands: Households, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 407: The Netherlands: Population, by region, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 408: The Netherlands: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 409: The Netherlands: Consumer prices, annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 410: The Netherlands: Household’s consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 411: The Netherlands: Detailed breakdown of household expenditure, 2007-12
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Dutch retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 412: The Netherlands: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 413: The Netherlands: Breakdown of retail sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 414: The Netherlands: Retail enterprises, 2009-10
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Food retailing in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 415: The Netherlands: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 416: The Netherlands: Major food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Non-food retailing in the Netherlands
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 417: The Netherlands: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 418: The Netherlands: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, exc. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 419: The Netherlands: Major department store and mixed goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 420: The Netherlands: Clothing and footwear specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 421: The Netherlands: Major clothing, footwear and textiles specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 422: The Netherlands: Household goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 423: The Netherlands: Major household goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 424: The Netherlands: Cultural, leisure goods and other specialists’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 425: The Netherlands: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 426: The Netherlands: Health and beauty specialists’ sales (excl. sales tax), 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 427: The Netherlands: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 428: The Netherlands: Estimated online retail sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 429: The Netherlands: Major online retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 430: The Netherlands: Leading shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Norway

                                                                                                                                                                                              • The Norwegian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Norway in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 431: Norway: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 432: Norway: Population, by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 433: Norway: Number of households by type, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 434: Norway: Population by region, 2009-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 435: Norway: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 436: Norway: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 437: Norway: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 438: Norway: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Norwegian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 439: Norway: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 440: Norway: Retail sales by sector, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 441: Norway: Retail businesses by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 442: Norway: Retail outlets by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Food retailing in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 443: Norway: food and daily goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 444: Norway: food and daily goods retailers – sales by category, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 445: Norway: Major food and daily goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Non-food retailing in Norway
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 446: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 447: Norway: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 448: Norway: Major mixed goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 449: Norway: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 450: Norway: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 451: Norway: Household goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 452: Norway: Major household goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 453: Norway: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 454: Norway: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 455: Norway: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 456: Norway: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 457: Norway: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 458: Norway: Major non-store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 459: Norway: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Poland

                                                                                                                                                                                                      • The Polish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Poland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 460: Poland: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 461: Poland: Population by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 462: Poland: Population by region/province, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 463: Poland: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 464: Consumer prices index: Annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 465: Poland: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 466: Poland: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure (incl. VAT), 2008-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Polish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 467: Poland: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 468: Poland: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 469: Poland: Number of retail enterprises by sector, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 470: Poland: Number of retail outlets by specialism, 2010 and 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Food retailing in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 471: Poland: Food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 472: Poland: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Poland
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 473: Poland: Non-food retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 474: Poland: Leading identified non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 475: Poland: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Portugal

                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The Portuguese retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Portugal in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 476: Portugal: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 477: Portugal: Population by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 478: Portugal: Households, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 479: Portugal: Estimated population by regions 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 480: Portugal: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 481: Portugal: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 482: Portugal: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 483: Portugal: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Portuguese retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 484: Portugal: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 485: Portugal: Retail sales by type of retailer, excl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 486: Portugal: Retail enterprises by type of retailer, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 487: Portugal: Retail employment by type of retailer, full time equivalents, 2009-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 488: Portugal: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 489: Portugal: Major food retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Portugal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 490: Portugal: Non-food retailers' sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 491: Portugal: Major non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 492: Portugal: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Romania

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Romanian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Romania in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 493: Romania: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 494: Romania: Population by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 495: Romania: Population by development region and county, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 496: Romania: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 497: Romania: Harmonised indices of consumer prices, annual percentage change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 498: Romania: Households consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 499: Romania: Households consumption expenditure by category, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Romanian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 500: Romania: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 501: Romania: Breakdown of retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 502: Romania: Number of retail enterprises by sector, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 503: Romania: Number of employees (full-time equivalent units) by retail sector, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 504: Romania: Identified leading retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 505: Romania: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Russia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The Russian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Russia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 506: Russia: Population trends, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 507: Russia: Population, by age group, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 508: Russia: Population of major cities, 2006-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 509: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 510: Russia: Consumer prices, % change on year, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 511: Household Final Consumption expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 512: Russia: Composition of household monthly consumer expenditure, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Russian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 513: Russia: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 514: Russia: Retail establishments by sector, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 515: Russia: Structure of retail trade, first quarter, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 516: Russia: Retail employment, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 517: Russia: Retail sales of food, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 518: Russia: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Russia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 519: Russia: Retail sales of non-food goods, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 520: Russia: Identified clothing and footwear retailers in Russia, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 521: Russia: Identified electricals retailers in Russia, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 522: Russia: Identified DIY and furniture retailers in Russia, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 523: Russia: Identified health and beauty retailers in Russia, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 524: Russia: Other identified retailers in Russia, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 525: Russia: Identified major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Serbia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Serbian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Serbia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 526: Serbia: population, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 527: Serbia: Population, by age and gender, 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 528: Serbia: Gross domestic product, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 529: Serbia: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 530: Serbia: Final household consumption, 2002-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 531: Serbia: Breakdown of final household consumption, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Serbian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 532: Serbia: Retail sales, incl. VAT, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major retailers in Serbia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 533: Serbia: Identified retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Slovak Republic

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The Slovak retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Slovak republic in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 534: Slovak Republic: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 535: Slovak Republic: Population by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 536: Slovak Republic: Population by major region, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 537: Slovak Republic: Gross domestic product, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 538: Slovak Republic: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 539: Slovak Republic: Consumer expenditure, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 540: Slovak Republic: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Slovak retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 541: Slovak Republic: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 542: Slovak Republic: Breakdown of retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major retailers in Slovakia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 543: Slovak Republic: Leading retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 544: Slovak republic: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Slovenia

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Slovenian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Slovenia in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 545: Slovenia: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 546: Slovenia: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 547: Slovenia: Population by region, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 548: Slovenia: Gross domestic product, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 549: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 550: Slovenia: Consumer expenditure, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 551: Slovak Republic: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Slovenia retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 552: Slovenia: Retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 553: Slovenia: Breakdown of retail sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major retailers in Slovenia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 554: Slovenia: Leading retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 555: Shopping centres in Slovenia, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Spain

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The Spanish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Spain in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 556: Spain: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 557: Spain: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 558: Spain: Population by autonomous communities, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 559: Spain: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 560: Spain: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 561: Spain: Consumer expenditure, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 562: Spain: Detailed breakdown of expenditure on consumer goods, incl. sales tax, 2006-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 563: Spain: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 564: Spain: Retail sales by type of retailer, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 565: Spain: Retail outlet and enterprise numbers, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 566: Retail employment by type of retailer, full time equivalents, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 567: Spain: Food, drink and tobacco retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 568: Spain: Hypermarkets, 1973-2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 569: Spain: Major food, drink & tobacco retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Spain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 570: Spain: Non-food retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 571: Spain: Mixed goods retailers sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 572: Spain: Major department and mixed goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 573: Spain, Estimated clothing, footwear and textiles retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 574: Spain: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 575: Spain: Furniture and household goods retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 576: Spain: Major furniture, household and electrical goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 577: Spain, Estimated DIY retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 578: Spain: Major DIY and hardware retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 579: Spain, Miscellaneous specialists’ retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 580: Spain: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food products retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 581: Spain, Estimated health & beauty retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 582: Spain: Major health and beauty retailers, 2011/12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 583: Spain: Mail order retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 584: Spain: Mail order and internet specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 585: Spain: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Sweden

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Swedish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Sweden in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 586: Sweden: Population trends, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 587: Sweden: Population, by age group and gender, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 588: Sweden: Households by size, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 589: Sweden: Population by county, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 590: Sweden: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 591: Sweden: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 592: Sweden: Consumer expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 593: Sweden: Breakdown of consumer expenditure, incl. sales tax, 2007-11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Swedish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 594: Sweden: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 595: Sweden: Retail sales by sector, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 596: Sweden: Retail businesses by sector, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 597: Sweden: Retail employment by sector, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Food retailing in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 598: Sweden: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 599: Sweden: Food, drink and tobacco retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 600: Sweden: Major food and daily goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Non-food retailing in Sweden
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 601: Sweden: Non-food retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 602: Sweden: Department and mixed goods stores sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 603: Sweden: Major department store and mixed goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 604: Sweden: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 605: Sweden: Major clothing, textiles and footwear retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 606: Sweden: Household goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 607: Sweden: Major household goods retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 608: Sweden: Cultural, leisure & other non-food retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 609: Sweden: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 610: Sweden: Health and beauty retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 611: Sweden: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 612: Sweden: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 613: Sweden: Major non-store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 614: Sweden: Leading shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Switzerland

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The Swiss retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Switzerland in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 615: Switzerland: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 616: Switzerland: Population by Swiss/foreign, gender and age group, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 617: Switzerland: Population by region and canton, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 618: Switzerland: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 619: Switzerland: Harmonised indices of consumer prices: annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 620: Switzerland: Households consumption expenditure (incl. VAT), 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 621: Switzerland: Breakdown of households consumption expenditure (incl. VAT), 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Swiss retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 622: Switzerland: Retail sales (excl. VAT), 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 623: Switzerland: Breakdown of retail sales (excl. VAT), 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 624: Switzerland: Number of retail enterprises, by sector, 2009-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 625: Switzerland: Number of retail employees (full-time equivalent units), by sector, 2009-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 626: Switzerland: Food retailers’ sales (excl. VAT), 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 627: Switzerland: Leading food retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in Switzerland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 628: Switzerland: Non-food retailers’ sales (excl. VAT), 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 629: Switzerland: Leading mixed goods/department store retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 630: Switzerland: Leading clothing specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 631: Switzerland: Leading DIY, furniture and electrical goods specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 632: Switzerland: Leading cultural, leisure and other non-food specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 633: Switzerland: Leading health and beauty specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 634: Switzerland: Major home shopping specialists, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 635: Switzerland: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Turkey

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Turkish retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Turkey in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 636: Turkey: Population by gender, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 637: Turkey: Population projection by age group and gender, June 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 638: Turkey: Populations of major provinces, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 639: Turkey: Gross domestic product, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 640: Turkey: Consumer prices indices, annual % change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 641: Turkey: Consumption expenditure of resident households, 2003-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 642: Turkey: Breakdown of total consumer spending (incl. VAT), 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Turkish retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 643: Turkey: Breakdown of retail sales (excl. VAT), 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 644: Turkey: Identified leading retailers, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 645: Turkey: Major shopping centres, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • UK

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • The UK retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • The UK in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 646: UK Population, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 647: UK: Population, by age group and gender, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 648: UK: Households, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 649: UK: Population of regions and major cities, 2010-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 650: UK: Gross domestic product, 2003-13e
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 651: UK: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 652: UK: Consumer expenditure, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 653: UK: Detailed breakdown of consumer expenditure, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • UK retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 654: UK: Retail sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 655: UK: Retail sales by sector, excl. VAT, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 656: UK: Retail businesses, outlets and employment, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 657: UK: Retail outlets by sector, 2008-10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Food retailing in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 658: UK: Sales of food, drink and tobacco retailers, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 659: UK: Major food and drink retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Non-food retailing in the UK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 660: UK: Non-food retailers’ sales, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 661: UK: Mixed goods retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 662: UK: Major department and mixed goods retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 663: UK: Clothing and footwear retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 664: UK: Major clothing and footwear retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 665: UK: Household goods retailers’ sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 666: UK: Major furniture, homewares and electrical goods retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 667: UK: DIY and hardware retailers’ sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 668: UK: Major DIY, hardware and garden products retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 669: UK: Cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers sales, excl. VAT, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 670: UK: Major cultural, leisure and other non-food retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 671: UK: Health and beauty retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 672: UK: Major health and beauty retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 673: UK: Non-store retailers’ sales, excl sales tax, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 674: UK: Major non-store retailers, 2012/13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Shopping centres
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 675: UK: Major shopping centres, 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Contacts and sources
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Ukraine

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • The Ukrainian retail scene
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Ukraine in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 676: Ukraine: Resident population trends, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 677: Ukraine: Resident population by age group, 2008-13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 678: Ukraine: Gross domestic product, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 679: Ukraine: Consumer prices, % annual change, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 680: Ukraine: Consumer expenditure, 2002-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 681: Ukraine: Final consumption expenditure of households by purpose, 2011 and 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Ukrainian retailing in figures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 682: Ukraine: Retail sales, excl. sales tax, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 683: Ukraine: Structure of retail trade, 2008-12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Major retailers in Ukraine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 684: Ukraine: Leading retailers, 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Contacts and sources

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        European Retail Handbook - September 2013

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        £1,495.00 (Excl.Tax)