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Food Retailing - France - December 2009

Mintel European Retail Intelligence provides independent, expert coverage of the major retail sectors throughout Europe. Each title in this series analyses retailing trends in up to 19 European markets, including the Scandinavian nations and Eastern European countries such as the Czech Republic and Poland as well as the major Western European markets.

The coverage provided by each report is as accurate, relevant and up-to-date as possible, combining in-house sector expertise with retailer performance data, taken directly from industry and trade sources.

With titles ranging from 'DIY Retailing in Europe' through to 'Food Retailing in Europe', each market examination includes studies of:

  • background economic and demographic data
  • market sizes
  • regional retailing trends and issues
  • market drivers
  • consumer expenditure
  • consumer trends
  • leading pan-European retailers
  • domestic retailers
  • market forecasts

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Table of contents

  1. Market in Brief

    • The future
      • Market size and performance
        • The competitive landscape
        • Report Scope

            • Technical notes
              • Definitions
                • Store definitions
                  • Financial definitions
                    • Currencies
                      • Figure 1: Exchange rates, € to other European currencies, 2004-08
                    • Country codes
                      • Figure 2: Country codes
                    • VAT
                      • Figure 3: Europe: Standard VAT rates, 2008
                  • Broader Market Environment

                    • Key points
                      • Slow population growth
                        • Figure 4: France: Population trends, 2005-09
                        • Figure 5: France: Population projections, by age group, 2005-45
                      • Economy
                        • Quick rebound from the recession
                            • Figure 6: France: Gross domestic product, 1998-2008
                          • Low confidence undermining spending
                              • Figure 7: France: Household consumer expenditure, 1998-2008
                            • Consumer confidence bouncing back?
                              • Figure 8: France: Consumer confidence, January 1999-October 2009
                            • Easing of inflation
                                • Figure 9: France: Consumer prices, 2004-08
                            • The Market in Context

                              • Key points
                                • Slow food growth
                                  • Figure 10: France: Consumer spending on selected categories of goods, 2004-08
                                • Market breakdown
                                  • Figure 11: France: Detailed breakdown of food and drink spending, 2008
                                • Strong inflation in the sector
                                    • Figure 12: France: Consumer price indices for major product categories, 1998-August 2009
                                    • Figure 13: France: Consumer price indices: all items, food, drink and tobacco and eating out, 1998-August 2009
                                • Sector Size and Forecast

                                  • Key points
                                    • Economic outlook
                                      • Retail prospects
                                        • Figure 14: France: Retail sales, 2004-14
                                      • Sector breakdown
                                        • Figure 15: France: Breakdown of food retail sales, 2004-08
                                      • Recent trends in food sector
                                        • Enterprise data
                                          • Figure 16: France: Food retailers, enterprise numbers, 2002-06
                                          • Figure 17: France: Food retail outlets, by type, 1999-2009
                                      • Retail Competitor Analysis

                                        • Key points
                                          • Consumer habits are changing
                                            • Carrefour still leads the way
                                              • Leclerc bucking the trend
                                                • ITM continues to grow
                                                  • Rejuvenation plans
                                                    • Figure 18: France: Leading players in the food sector, 2008/09
                                                  • Market shares
                                                    • Figure 19: France: Leading food specialists’ market shares, 2008
                                                • Aldi (Europe)

                                                    • Figure 20: Aldi (Europe): Sales as share of all food retailers' sales in Europe, 2004-08
                                                    • Figure 21: Aldi (Germany): Sales as share of all food retailers' sales in Germany, 2004-08
                                                  • Strategic evaluation
                                                    • History
                                                      • Sales performance
                                                          • Figure 22: Aldi (Europe): Group sales performance, 2004-08
                                                        • Store portfolio
                                                            • Figure 23: Aldi (Europe): Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                          • Retail offering
                                                            • Market positioning
                                                              • Brands
                                                                • Product offer
                                                                  • Pricing
                                                                    • Operational issues
                                                                      • Advertising and marketing
                                                                        • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                            • Figure 24: Aldi (Europe): Sales as share of all food retailers' sales in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                            • Figure 25: Aldi (Germany): Sales as share of all food retailers' sales in Germany, 2004-08
                                                                          • Strategic evaluation
                                                                            • History
                                                                              • Sales performance
                                                                                  • Figure 26: Aldi (Europe): Group sales performance, 2004-08
                                                                                • Store portfolio
                                                                                    • Figure 27: Aldi (Europe): Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                  • Retail offering
                                                                                    • Market positioning
                                                                                      • Brands
                                                                                        • Product offer
                                                                                          • Pricing
                                                                                            • Operational issues
                                                                                              • Advertising and marketing
                                                                                                • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                • Auchan

                                                                                                    • Figure 28: Auchan: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                    • Figure 29: Auchan: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                  • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                    • Recent history
                                                                                                      • Financial performance
                                                                                                        • Figure 30: Auchan: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                        • Figure 31: Auchan: Estimated European sales by country, 2004-08
                                                                                                        • Figure 32: Auchan: Share of group sales, by region, 2004-08
                                                                                                      • Store portfolio
                                                                                                          • Figure 33: Auchan: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                          • Figure 34: Auchan (Europe) fascia type, by market, 2008
                                                                                                        • Retail offering
                                                                                                          • Market positioning
                                                                                                            • Brands
                                                                                                              • Figure 35: Auchan: Breakdown of own brands in Europe, 2009
                                                                                                            • Product offer
                                                                                                              • Advertising and marketing
                                                                                                                • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                • Carrefour

                                                                                                                    • Figure 36: Carrefour: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                                  • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                                    • Recent history
                                                                                                                      • Financial performance
                                                                                                                        • Figure 37: Carrefour: Breakdown of European sales, 2008
                                                                                                                        • Figure 38: Carrefour: Growth rates, by country, 2004-08
                                                                                                                        • Figure 39: Carrefour: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                        • Figure 40: Carrefour: Sales through branded network, group total and Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                                      • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                          • Figure 41: Carrefour: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                        • European operations
                                                                                                                          • Figure 42: Carrefour: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 43: Carrefour France: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 44: Carrefour France: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 45: Carrefour Belgium: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Belgium, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 46: Carrefour Belgium: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 47: Carrefour Belgium: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 48: Carrefour Greece: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Greece, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 49: Carrefour Greece: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 50: Carrefour Greece: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 51: Carrefour Italy: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Italy, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 52: Carrefour Italy: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 53: Carrefour Italy: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 54: Carrefour Poland: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Poland, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 55: Carrefour Poland: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 56: Carrefour Poland: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 57: Carrefour Portugal: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Portugal, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 58: Carrefour Portugal: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 59: Carrefour Portugal: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 60: Carrefour Romania: Group financial performance and outlet data, 2006-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 61: Carrefour Spain: Sales as share ofall food retailers’ sales in Spain, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 62: Carrefour Spain: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 63: Carrefour Spain: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 64: Carrefour Turkey: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                          • Figure 65: Carrefour Turkey: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                        • Retail offering
                                                                                                                          • Market positioning
                                                                                                                            • Brands
                                                                                                                              • Figure 66: Carrefour Group: Brands, 2009
                                                                                                                            • Product offer
                                                                                                                              • Figure 67: Carrefour: Product offer, 2007
                                                                                                                            • Pricing
                                                                                                                              • Advertising and marketing
                                                                                                                                • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                                • Casino

                                                                                                                                    • Figure 68: Casino: Sales as share of all food retailers in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                  • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                                                    • Recent history
                                                                                                                                      • Financial performance
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 69: Casino: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 70: Casino France: Sales and area growth, by banner, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 71: Super de Boer Group: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                      • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 72: Casino: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 73: Casino: France: Banners, 2008
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 74: Super de Boer Group: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                      • Retail offering
                                                                                                                                        • Market positioning
                                                                                                                                          • Brands
                                                                                                                                            • Product offer
                                                                                                                                              • Pricing
                                                                                                                                                • Advertising and marketing
                                                                                                                                                  • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                                                  • Cora - Louis Delhaize Group

                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 75: Cora - Louis Delhaize Group: Estimated sales as share of all food retailers in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 76: Cora - Louis Delhaize Group: Estimated sales as share of all food retailers in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 77: Cora - Louis Delhaize Group: Estimated sales as share of all food retailers in Belgium, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                    • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                                                                      • Recent history
                                                                                                                                                        • Financial performance
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 78: Cora - Louis Delhaize: Estimated Financial performance for food operations, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                          • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 79: Cora - Louis Delhaize: Food outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                          • Retail offering
                                                                                                                                                            • Market positioning
                                                                                                                                                              • Brands
                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 80: Cora - Louis Delhaize: Own brand lines, 2009
                                                                                                                                                              • Product offer
                                                                                                                                                                • Pricing
                                                                                                                                                                  • Operational issues
                                                                                                                                                                    • Advertising and marketing
                                                                                                                                                                      • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                                                                      • Intermarché/ITM Entreprises

                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 81: Intermarché/ITM Entreprises: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 82: Intermarché/ITM Entreprises: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                        • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                          • History
                                                                                                                                                                            • Financial performance
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 83: Intermarché/ITM Entreprises: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                              • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 84: Intermarché/ITM Entreprises: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 85: Intermarché/ITM Enterprises: Non-food outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                • Retail offering
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Market positioning
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Brands
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Product offer
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Pricing
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Operational issues
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Loyalty card
                                                                                                                                                                                              • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                                                                                              • E. Leclerc

                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 86: E. Leclerc: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 87: E. Leclerc: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Recent history
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Financial performance
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 88: E. Leclerc: Group financial performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 89: E. Leclerc: Estimated sales performance in international markets, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 90: E. Leclerc: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 91: E. Leclerc: International food outlets, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 92: E. Leclerc: Non-food outlets, 2008
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Retail offering
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Market positioning
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Brands
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Product offer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Pricing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Operational issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Loyalty cards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 93: E. Leclerc: Breakdown of online operations in France, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Schwarz Group

                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 94: Schwarz Group: Sales as share of all food retailers in Europe, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Strategic evaluation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • History
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Financial performance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 95: Schwarz Group: Estimated group financial performance, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 96: Schwarz Group: Proportion of group sales, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 97: Schwarz Group: Estimated proportion of international sales, by market, 2008/09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 98: Schwarz Group: Estimated outlet data, 2005-09
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 99: Schwarz Group: Store formats, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Retail offering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Market positioning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Brands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Product offer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Pricing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Operational issues
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Advertising and marketing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • e-commerce and home shopping
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Système U

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 100: Système U: Sales as share of all food retailers’ sales in France, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • History
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Financial performance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 101: Système U: Group sales performance, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Store portfolio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 102: Système U: Outlet data, 2004-08
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Retail offering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Market positioning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Brands
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 103: Système U: Own brand lines, 2009
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Product offer
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Loyalty card
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • e-commerce and home shopping

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Food Retailing - France - December 2009

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