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Foundations (Industrial Report) - UK - January 2014

Building foundations form the part of a structure which is in direct contact with the ground and transmits the load of the structure to the ground. The type of foundation is dependent upon the soil characteristics and the nature of the construction.

The market for foundations is inextricably linked to construction output. While all buildings require an element of foundation work, the techniques identified in this report are only used in specific circumstances. These include compensating for different soil types as well as allowing the growing trend towards so-called brownfield developments of land. The market trends therefore tend to reflect those in the construction sector, particularly construction starts. However, the market is also influenced by specific building projects which typically require additional foundation work. In recent years, these have included the growing levels of construction in dockland areas, as well as new construction of large scale civil engineering and commercial properties where demand for foundation work is often particularly high.

This report profiles the market for a variety of foundations techniques which are defined below.

Piling is used to transmit foundation loads through weak or compressible strata to stronger soil or rock. Piles are also used in cohesive soils to spread the load of the structure into the soil along the length of the pile. Piles may be constructed from timber, steel or concrete, the most common material being reinforced is pre-stressed concrete. More recently, there has been some progress in developing plastic piling systems, particularly for sheet piling applications. A number of different piling techniques are detailed below.

  • Bored piling, also known as non-displacement piling, is typically used for structures built on clay soils.
  • Cast in-situ piles are formed by boring a hole into the ground, lowering a reinforcement cage into the hole and filling it with concrete.
  • CFA piling allows the construction of piles with minimal environmental disturbance. An auger is rotated into the ground and, as it is withdrawn, concrete is pumped down the central hollow core of the auger to fill the bore with concrete. A reinforcement cage is subsequently inserted into the concrete to support the pile while it sets.
  • Driven piling, also known as displacement piling, may be used where the piles are of a known and constant length.
  • Driven cast in-situ piles comprise a hollow steel tube which is driven into the ground. When the tube reaches the required depth, a reinforcement cage is lowered inside it and as the tube is withdrawn concrete is poured into the hole.
  • Driven pre-cast piles are manufactured in horizontal casing beds and are installed by track mounted, hydraulic units.
  • Diaphragm walling is a method of placing concrete in the ground without the need for preliminary excavation. The method uses a bentonite slurry to fill the hole as excavation proceeds. Following excavation, reinforcement cages and concrete are placed into the hole displacing the bentonite mud.

Bentonite, also known as fullers earth, is widely used in several piling applications due to its unusual properties. Bentonite penetrates surrounding soil, forming a stabilising membrane or gel against the holes as piling work proceeds. Typically, a bentonite slurry is displaced as the piling continues and it can then be used until it becomes contaminated with soil.

Typically, bored piling techniques are used on clay based soils while granular soils typically favour the use of driven piling.

Underpinning is used to transfer a foundation load from its existing bearing level to a new level at a lower depth. Underpinning is often carried out as remedial work following settlement of the existing foundation, to increase the load bearing capacity of the foundation or to allow the adjacent ground level to be lowered. Two methods of underpinning are widely used including the forming of a new mass concrete strip foundation below the existing foundation and the installation of mini or small diameter bored piles to transfer the load to a lower bearing stratum.

Liqueurs - UK - January 2012

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Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary

    • The market
      • Figure 1: UK foundations market, 2009-13 actual and 2014-19 forecast
      • Figure 2: UK piling market, 2009-13 actual and 2014-19 forecast
      • Figure 3: UK underpinning market, 2009-13 actual and 2014-19 forecast
      • Figure 4: UK ground improvement market, 2009-13 actual and 2014-19 forecast
    • Market factors
      • Companies
        • What we think
        • Introduction

          • Definitions
            • Methodology
              • Abbreviations
                • Market positioning
                  • UK economy
                    • Inflation
                      • Interest rates
                        • Business investment
                          • Imports
                            • Exports
                              • House prices
                                • Manufacturing
                                  • Market factors
                                  • Market Size and Trends

                                    • Chapter summary
                                      • Market size
                                        • Figure 5: Analysis of construction output in Great Britain, by type, 2009-13
                                        • Figure 6: Construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                        • Figure 7: Analysis of the composition of the private commercial construction market in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                      • Offices
                                        • Shops
                                          • Education
                                            • Health
                                              • Figure 8: Analysis of private commercial construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                              • Figure 9: Analysis of private commercial construction in Great Britain, by type, 2009-13
                                              • Figure 10: Analysis of private industrial construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                              • Figure 11: Analysis of private industrial new construction work in Great Britain, by sector, 2009-13
                                            • Health
                                              • Education
                                                • “Other” sector
                                                  • Figure 12: Analysis of the composition of the public non-residential construction market in Great Britain, 2009 and 2013
                                                  • Figure 13: Analysis of public sector non-residential construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 14: Analysis of public sector non-residential construction in Great Britain, by type, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 15: Civil engineering construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 16: Analysis of the civil engineering market in Great Britain, 2009 and 2013
                                                  • Figure 17: 10 largest airports in the UK, 2008-12
                                                  • Figure 18: Civil engineering construction output for the air transport industry in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 19: Civil engineering construction output for the harbours and waterways sectors in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 20: Analysis of the composition of the housing construction market in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 21: Analysis of private housing construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 22: Private new housing starts and completions in the UK, 2010-13
                                                  • Figure 23: Analysis of new public housing construction output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 24: Public housing starts and completions in the UK, 2010-13
                                                  • Figure 25: Analysis of repair and maintenance output in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 26: Analysis of the repair and maintenance market in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 27: Analysis of decent homes backlog programme allocations, 2011-15
                                                  • Figure 28: Analysis of repair and maintenance output in the public housing sector in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 29: Analysis of repair and maintenance output in the private housing sector in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 30: Analysis of repair and maintenance output in the public non-residential sector in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 31: Analysis of repair and maintenance output in the private nonresidential sector in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 32: UK market for foundations, 2009-13
                                                • Segmentation
                                                  • Overview
                                                      • Figure 33: Segmentation of the UK market for foundations, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 34: Segmentation of the UK market for foundations graph, 2009-13
                                                    • Piling
                                                      • Figure 35: UK market for piling, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 36: Segmentation of the UK market for piling graph, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 37: Segmentation of the UK market for piling, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 38: Segmentation of the UK market for small diameter bored piling graph, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 39: Segmentation of the UK market for small diameter bored piling, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 40: Segmentation of the UK market for large diameter bored piling, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 41: Segmentation of the UK market for driven piling graph, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 42: Segmentation of the UK market for driven piling, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 43: UK market for diaphragm walls, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 44: Segmentation of the UK market for piling by end use sector graph, 2009-13
                                                      • Figure 45: Segmentation of the UK market for piling, by end use sector, 2009-13
                                                    • Underpinning
                                                        • Figure 46: UK market for underpinning, 2009-13
                                                        • Figure 47: Segmentation of the UK market for underpinning, 2009-13
                                                      • Ground improvement
                                                        • Figure 48: UK market for ground improvement, 2009-13
                                                        • Figure 49: Segmentation of the UK market for ground improvement, 2009-13
                                                      • Market trends
                                                        • Regional sales
                                                          • Figure 50: Regional value of total new construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 51: Regional private commercial construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 52: Regional private industrial construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 53: Regional public non-residential construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 54: Analysis of civil engineering output, by region, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 55: Regional private housing construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 56: Regional housing repair and maintenance output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 57: Regional public non-residential construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 58: Regional private non-residential repair and maintenance output, 2009-13
                                                        • Seasonal sales
                                                          • Figure 59: Seasonality of private commercial construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 60: Seasonality of private industrial construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 61: Seasonality of public non-residential construction output, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 62: Seasonality of civil engineering, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 63: Seasonality of private housing output, 2009-13
                                                      • Industry Structure

                                                        • Chapter summary
                                                          • Industry development
                                                            • Company profiles
                                                              • Bachy Soletanche Holdings (Europe)
                                                                  • Figure 64: Financial analysis of Bachy Soletanche Holdings (Europe), 2008-12
                                                                • Cementation Skanska
                                                                    • Figure 65: Financial analysis of Cementation Skanska, 2008-12
                                                                  • Expanded Piling
                                                                      • Figure 66: Financial analysis of Expanded Piling, 2008-12
                                                                      • Figure 67: Financial analysis of Laing O’Rourke, 2009-13
                                                                    • Keller Group
                                                                      • Figure 68: Financial analysis of Keller Group, 2008-12
                                                                      • Figure 69: Financial analysis of Keller, 2008-12
                                                                    • Roger Bullivant Group/Drakelow Development Holdings
                                                                        • Figure 70: Financial analysis of Drakelow Development Holdings, 2007-11
                                                                      • Balfour Beatty Ground Engineering
                                                                          • Figure 71: Financial analysis of Balfour Beatty Ground Engineering, 2008-12
                                                                        • Van Elle
                                                                          • Figure 72: Financial analysis of Van Elle, 2009-13
                                                                      • Forecast

                                                                        • Chapter summary
                                                                          • Market overview
                                                                              • Figure 73: Forecast construction output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 74: Forecast segmentation of construction output in Great Britain, by type, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 75: Forecast private commercial construction output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 76: Forecast of private commercial construction in Great Britain, by sector, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 77: Forecast private industrial construction output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 78: Forecast of private industrial new construction work in Great Britain, by sector, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 79: Forecast public non-residential construction output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 80: Forecast of public non-residential construction in Great Britain, by type, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 81: Forecast private housing output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 82: Forecast public housing output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 83: Forecast repair and maintenance construction output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 84: Forecast repair and maintenance construction output in Great Britain, by type, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 85: Forecast civil engineering construction output in Great Britain, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 86: Forecast segmentation of civil engineering output in Great Britain, by type, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 87: Forecast of air traffic demand, at UK airports 2010-30
                                                                              • Figure 88: Forecast civil engineering output for the airport transport sector, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 89: Forecast civil engineering construction output for the harbours sector, 2014-18
                                                                            • Market size
                                                                              • Figure 90: Forecast UK market for foundations, 2014-18
                                                                            • Market segmentation
                                                                              • Figure 91: Forecast segmentation of UK foundations market, by type, 2014-18
                                                                              • Figure 92: Forecast segmentation of the UK market for foundations, 2014-18
                                                                            • Industry
                                                                            • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                              • Trade associations
                                                                                • Trade magazines
                                                                                  • Trade exhibitions

                                                                                  Companies Covered

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                                                                                  Foundations (Industrial Report) - UK - January 2014

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