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Logistical Services - UK - October 2016

“The decision to leave the EU will not only affect the UK, but also global supply chain models. The referendum result will be a test of the agility and resilience of global supply chain models amid a period of significant change and uncertainty for the EU.”
– Lewis Cone, B2B Analyst

This report will explore the following key questions regarding logistical services in the UK:

  • What are the key determinants driving the industry?
  • Has the industry recovered alongside the economy after the financial crisis? If so, how has it developed and changed since?
  • How have government schemes influenced market demand and supply?
  • How have regulations and the threat of climate change changed the industry’s approach?
  • What are the key issues the industry needs to address to diversify its service provision and continue to compete globally over the long term?
  • What does the future hold for UK logistical services?

The industry revolves around four main components: 1PL, 2PL, 3PL and 4PL. Some industry experts argue that a fifth component has also emerged: 5PL, which involves broadening operators’ scope to e-business.

First Party Logistics (1PL) concerns beneficial cargo owners, which can be the shipper (such as a manufacturing firm delivering to customers) or the consignee (such as a retailer picking up cargo from a supplier). They dictate the origin (supply) and the destination (demand) of the cargo, with distribution an entirely internal process assumed by the firm. With globalisation and the outsourcing and offshoring of manufacturing, distribution services that used to be assumed internally tend be contracted to external service providers.

Second Party Logistics (2PL) concerns the carriers providing a transport service over a specific segment of a transport chain. It could involve a maritime shipping company, rail operator, or trucking company hired to haul cargo from an origin (such as a distribution centre) to a destination (such as a port terminal).

Third Party Logistics (3PL) involves the outsourcing of all or much of a company’s logistics operations to a specialised company. The term was first used in the early 1970s to identify intermodal marketing companies (IMCs) in transportation contracts. Contracts for transportation had previously featured only two parties: the shipper and the carrier. When IMCs entered the picture as intermediaries that accepted shipments from shippers and tendered them to rail carriers, they became the ‘third party’ to the contract - the 3PL. The definition has now broadened to the point that every company offering some kind of logistics service for hire calls themselves a 3PL. Preferably, these services are integrated or bundled together by the provider. Services provided include transportation, warehousing, crossdocking, inventory management, packaging, and freight forwarding.

Fourth Party Logistics (4PL) differs from 3PL in the following ways: a 4PL organisation is often a separate entity established as a joint venture or longterm contract between a primary client and one or more partners; a 4PL organisation acts as a single interface between the client and multiple logistics service providers; most aspects of a client’s supply chain are managed by the 4PL organisation itself; and it is possible for a major thirdparty logistics provider to form a 4PL organisation within its existing structure. 4PLs have also been referred to as ‘lead logistics providers’, while a new crop of companies has emerged who are actual transportation companies. A 4PL is sometimes described as ‘a nonassetowning service provider’, but their role is to provide broader scope managing of the entire supply chain.

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Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary

      • Market size and segmentation
        • Market on the move following stable economic recovery
          • Figure 1: UK Logistical Services Market Value, 2012-2016, (£ Billion)
        • Road freight drives majority of market growth
          • Figure 2: UK Logistical Services Market Segmentation, by Type, 2012-2016, (£ Billion)
        • Market trends
          • More lorry journeys saved due to rail freight activity
            • Figure 3: Impact of Rail Freight on Road Haulage, 2010-2014, (Number of Equivalent HGV Lorry Journeys in Millions and Equivalent Distance Travelled in Billion Kilometres)
          • E-commerce is leading to significant operational changes
            • Lack of drivers with the required licenses or qualifications is affecting productivity
              • Percentage of vehicles running empty remains fairly constant since 2012
                • Market factors
                  • Uncertainties surrounding economic growth may affect industry development...
                    • Figure 4: GDP Growth Rate, Q1 2012-Q2 2016, (% change on previous quarter)
                  • ... with Brexit likely to lead to operational changes
                    • Fuel prices continue to fall but UK’s competitive disadvantage remains
                      • Figure 5: Typical Retail Cost of Fuel in the UK, by Type of Fuel, 2012-16*, (Pence per Litre)
                    • Large supply of drivers needed to meet rising demand
                      • Industry Structure
                        • Market competition intensifies
                          • Forecast
                            • Stable growth expected despite Brexit uncertainty
                              • Figure 6: UK Logistical Services Market Value Forecast, 2017-2021, (£ Billion)
                            • What we think
                            • Key Insights

                                • Will the likely ‘to and fro’ nature of Brexit negotiations create uncertainty in the industry?
                                  • How is the driver shortage affecting the industry? Is anything being done to improve recruitment?
                                    • Can technology help improve efficiency and productivity?
                                    • Introduction

                                        • Definitions
                                          • Methodology
                                            • Abbreviations
                                              • Market positioning
                                                • The customer
                                                  • The supplier
                                                    • Regulation
                                                    • UK Economy

                                                      • Key points
                                                        • Overview
                                                          • Figure 7: UK GDP, 2006-2016, (% Quarterly Growth and GDP in £ Billion)
                                                          • Figure 8: UK Output, by Industry, 2008-2016, (Index 2013 = 100)
                                                          • Figure 9: Quarters after GDP Peak, 1979, 1990 and 2008, (Number of Quarters and GDP as % of PreDownturn Peak)
                                                        • Inflation
                                                          • Interest rates
                                                            • House prices
                                                              • Figure 10: UK House Price changes, 2006-2016, (12-month % change)
                                                            • Consumer spending
                                                              • Manufacturing
                                                                • Figure 11: UK Manufacturing, 2014-16, (Index, 2013 = 100)
                                                              • Business investment
                                                                • Figure 12: UK GFCF 2005-15, (£ Million)
                                                              • Imports
                                                                • Exports
                                                                • Market Factors

                                                                  • Key points
                                                                    • Uncertainties surrounding economic growth may affect industry development...
                                                                      • Figure 13: GDP growth rate, Q1 2012-Q2 2016, (% change on previous quarter)
                                                                      • Figure 14: GDP Growth Rate, Q1 2012-Q2 2016, (% change on previous quarter)
                                                                    • ... with Brexit likely to lead to operational changes
                                                                      • Continued growth in retail sales provides logistical opportunities
                                                                        • Figure 15: Retail Sales Trends, 2014-2016, (Percentage Volume Change on Same Month in Previous year, Seasonally-Adjusted)
                                                                      • Fuel prices continue to fall but UK’s competitive disadvantage remains
                                                                        • Figure 16: Typical Retail Cost of Fuel and the Fuel Duty Level in the UK, 2012-16*, (Pence per Litre)
                                                                        • Figure 17: Typical Retail Cost of Fuel in the UK, by Type of Fuel, 2012-16*, (Pence per Litre)
                                                                        • Figure 18: European Petrol and Diesel Prices, 2016, (( per Litre)
                                                                        • Figure 19: European Petrol and Diesel Prices, 2016, (( per Litre)
                                                                      • Large supply of drivers needed to meet rising demand
                                                                      • Market Size and Segmentation

                                                                        • Key points
                                                                          • Market on the move following stable economic recovery
                                                                            • Figure 20: UK Logistical Services Market Value, 2012-2016, (£ Billion)
                                                                            • Figure 21: UK Logistical Services Market Value, 2012-2016, (£ Billion)
                                                                          • Road freight drives majority of industry growth
                                                                            • Figure 22: UK Logistical Services Market Segmentation, by Type, 2012-2016, (£ Billion)
                                                                            • Figure 23: UK Logistical Services Market Segmentation, by Type, 2012-2016, (£ Billion)
                                                                          • Road Freight
                                                                            • Market rebounds in 2015
                                                                              • Figure 24: Annual Road Freight Transport in the UK, 2011-15, (Million Tonnes Lifted, Billion Tonnes Kilometres Moved and Vehicle Million Kilometres Travelled)
                                                                              • Figure 25: Annual Road Freight Transport in the UK, 2011-15, (Million Tonnes Lifted)
                                                                              • Figure 26: Annual Road Freight Transport in the UK, 2011-15, (Billion Tonnes Kilometres Moved)
                                                                              • Figure 27: Annual Road Freight Transport in the UK, 2011-15, (Vehicle Million Kilometres Travelled)
                                                                            • Continued decline in level of international road freight
                                                                              • Figure 28: Annual International Road Freight Transport by UK-Registered Vehicles, 2011-15, (Million Tonnes Lifted and Billion Tonne Kilometres Moved)
                                                                            • Consolidation of growth in the amount of goods lifted in 2015...
                                                                              • Figure 29: Annual Goods Lifted in the UK, 2011-15, by Commodity Group, (Million Tonnes)
                                                                              • Figure 30: Annual Goods Lifted in the UK, 2011 and 2015, by Commodity Group, (% of Total)
                                                                              • Figure 31: Annual Goods Lifted in the UK, 2011-15, by Region and Country of Origin, (Million Tonnes)
                                                                            • ... but volume of goods lifted outward from and inward to the UK by UK-registered vehicles continue to decline
                                                                              • Figure 32: Annual Goods Lifted Outward from and Inward to the UK by UK-Registered Vehicles, 2011-15, by Commodity Group, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                            • International goods lifted outward from and inward to the UK by foreign-registered vehicles reaches three-year high
                                                                              • Figure 33: International Goods Lifted Outward from and Inward to the UK by Foreign-Registered HGVs, 2010-14, by European Country, (000 tonnes unloaded in the UK)
                                                                            • Significant growth in 2015 provides market with a five-year high value
                                                                              • Figure 34: Annual Goods Moved in the UK, 2011-15, by Commodity Group, (Billion Tonne Kilometres)
                                                                              • Figure 35: Annual Goods Moved in the UK, 2011 and 2015, by Commodity Group, (% of Total)
                                                                              • Figure 36: Annual Goods Moved in the UK, 2011-15, by Region and Country of Origin, (Million Tonne Kilometres)
                                                                            • Recent international performance contrasts with domestic market
                                                                              • Figure 37: Annual Goods Moved Outward from and Inward To the UK by UK-Registered Vehicles, 2011-15, by Commodity Group, (Million Tonne Kilometres)
                                                                            • Port (marine) freight
                                                                              • Port freight traffic continues to decline
                                                                                • Figure 38: UK Port Freight Traffic, by Major and Minor Ports, 2011-2015, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                                • Figure 39: UK Port Freight Traffic, by Major and Minor Ports, 2011-2015, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                                • Figure 40: UK Major Port Container Traffic, 2011-15, by Size of Container, (000 Units)
                                                                                • Figure 41: UK Major Port Container Traffic, 2011 and 2015, by Size of Container, (000 Units)
                                                                                • Figure 42: International and Domestic Major and Minor Port Freight Traffic, by Traffic Direction, 2011-2015, (Million Tonnes)
                                                                              • Reductions in liquid bulk traffic form a large part of the overall fall in major port traffic
                                                                                • Figure 43: UK Major Port Traffic, by Commodity Group, 2011-2015, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                                • Figure 44: UK Major Port Inward Traffic, by Commodity Group, 2011-2015, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                                • Figure 45: UK Major Port Outward Traffic, by Commodity Group, 2011-2015, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                                • Figure 46: International UK Major Port Freight Traffic, 2011-15, by Commodity Group and Traffic Direction, (000 Tonnes)
                                                                              • Grimsby & Immingham represents busiest UK port in terms of tonnage
                                                                                • Figure 47: Major UK Ports, Top 10, by Total Tonnage, 2014 and 2015, (000 Tonnes and % of Total UK Tonnage)
                                                                                • Figure 48: Major UK Ports, Top 10, by Total Tonnage, 2014 and 2015, (% of Total UK Tonnage)
                                                                              • Felixstowe holds the most freight units and trade vehicles in the UK
                                                                                • Figure 49: Major UK Ports, Top 10, by Main Freight Units and Trade Vehicles, 2014 and 2015, (000 Units)
                                                                                • Figure 50: Major UK Ports, Top 10, by Main Freight Units and Trade Vehicles, 2015, (000 Units)
                                                                              • Passenger and other vessels record net ship arrival growth
                                                                                • Figure 51: Number of Ship Arrivals at UK Ports, by Type and Deadweight, 2015, (Number of Vessels)
                                                                                • Figure 52: Number of Ship Arrivals at UK Ports, by Type and Deadweight, 2015, (Number of Vessels)
                                                                              • Declining UK interest in large trading ships
                                                                                • Figure 53: UK Interest in Trading Ships of 100 Gross Tons and Over, by Type of Interest, 2011-2015, (Deadweight Million Tonnage)
                                                                                • Figure 54: UK Interest in Trading Ships of 100 Gross Tons and Over, by Type of Interest, 2011-2015, (Deadweight Million Tonnage)
                                                                              • Non-trading vessels most commonly owned by the UK, but UK-owned ‘other’ dry cargo vessels carry the most freight
                                                                                • Figure 55: UK-Owned Vessels of 100 Gross Tons and Over, by Type, at 31 December 2014 and 2015, (Number of Vessels and Gross Tonnage in 000 Tons)
                                                                              • Rail freight
                                                                                • Steep decline in freight train movements experienced in 2015...
                                                                                  • Figure 56: Great Britain Freight Train Movements, 2011-2015, (Number)
                                                                                  • Figure 57: Great Britain Freight Train Movements, 2011-2015, (Number)
                                                                                • ... which contributed to a large fall in the mass of freight goods carried
                                                                                  • Figure 58: Mass of Freight Goods Carried on the Rail Network, by Type of Good, 2011/12-2015/16, (Million Tonnes)
                                                                                  • Figure 59: Mass of Freight Goods Carried on the Rail Network, by Type of Good, 2011/12-2015/16, (Million Tonnes)
                                                                                • Amount of freight moved peaks in 2013/14
                                                                                  • Figure 60: Amount of Freight Moved on the Rail Network, by Type, 2011/12-2015/16, (Billion Net Tonne Kilometres)
                                                                                  • Figure 61: Amount of Freight Moved on the Rail Network, by Type, 2011/12 and 2015/16, (% of Total Freight Moved)
                                                                                • DB Cargo UK travels furthest for freight means
                                                                                  • Figure 62: Actual Freight Train Kilometres on Network Rail Infrastructure, by Operator, 2011-2015, (Million Kilometres)
                                                                                  • Figure 63: Actual Freight Train Kilometres on Network Rail Infrastructure, by Operator, 2011 and 2015, (Million Kilometres)
                                                                                • Increasing number of lorry journeys saved due to rail freight activity
                                                                                  • Figure 64: Impact of Rail Freight on Road Haulage, 2010-2014, (Number of Equivalent HGV Lorry Journeys in Millions and Equivalent Distance Travelled in Billion Kilometres)
                                                                                  • Figure 65: Impact of Rail Freight on Road Haulage, 2010-2014, (Number of Equivalent HGV Lorry Journeys in Millions and Equivalent Distance Travelled in Billion Kilometres)
                                                                                • Air freight
                                                                                  • Mixed performance in the air freight market
                                                                                    • Figure 66: UK Air Freight, by Aircraft Configuration and Area, 2011-2015, (Tonnes)
                                                                                    • Figure 67: UK Air Freight, by Aircraft Configuration, 2011-2015, (Tonnes)
                                                                                    • Figure 68: UK Air Freight, by Area, 2015, (% of Total Freight per Aircraft Configuration)
                                                                                • Market Trends

                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                    • Latest industry confidence index implies low expectations going forward
                                                                                      • Intermodal market on the rise?
                                                                                        • E-commerce is leading to significant operational changes...
                                                                                          • ... including in vehicle design and operation
                                                                                            • Lack of drivers who obtain the required licenses or qualifications is affecting productivity
                                                                                                • Figure 69: Number of Practical LGV Tests Conducted and Pass Rate, 2011/12-2015/16, by Gender, (% Pass Rate and Number of Practical Tests)
                                                                                              • Other trends
                                                                                                • Percentage of vehicles running empty remains fairly constant since 2012
                                                                                                  • Figure 70: Vehicle Percentage Empty Running and Loading Factors, 2011-15, by Type and Weight of Vehicle, (%)
                                                                                                • Telematics
                                                                                                  • Improved fuel efficiency in rigid vehicles since 2011 has been helped by a decline in the length of haul
                                                                                                    • Figure 71: Average Length of Haul, 2011-15, by Type and Weight of Vehicle, (Kilometres)
                                                                                                    • Figure 72: Average Length of Haul, 2011-15, by Type of Vehicle, (Kilometres)
                                                                                                    • Figure 73: Fuel Consumption, 2011-15, by HGV Vehicle Type in Great Britain, (Miles per Gallon)
                                                                                                • Industry Structure

                                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                                    • Industry development
                                                                                                      • Market competition intensifies
                                                                                                        • Industry structure
                                                                                                            • Figure 74: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Freight Transport by Rail Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 75: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Freight Transport by Road Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 76: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Removal Services Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 77: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Sea and Coastal Freight Water Transport Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 78: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Freight Transport by Inland Waterway Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 79: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Freight Transport by Air Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 80: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Operation of Warehousing and Storage Facilities Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 81: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Services Incidental to Water Transportation Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                            • Figure 82: Analysis of the Changes in the Structure of the Other Transportation Support Activities Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                          • Structure by employment
                                                                                                            • Figure 83: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Freight Transport by Rail Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 84: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Freight Transport by Road Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 85: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Removal Services Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 86: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Sea and Coastal Freight Water Transport Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 87: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Freight Transport by Inland Waterway Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 88: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Freight Transport by Air Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 89: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Operation of Warehousing and Storage Facilities Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 90: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Services Incidental to Water Transportation Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                            • Figure 91: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Other Transportation Support Activities Industry, 2015-2016, (Number of Outlets and Outlet Employment Size)
                                                                                                          • Structure by turnover
                                                                                                            • Figure 92: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Freight Transport by Rail Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 93: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Freight Transport by Road Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 94: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Removal Services Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 95: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Sea and Coastal Freight Water Transport Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 96: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Freight Transport by Inland Waterway Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 97: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Freight Transport by Air Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 98: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Operation of Warehousing and Storage Facilities Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 99: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Services Incidental to Water Transportation Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                            • Figure 100: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Other Transportation Support Activities Industry, 2015-2016, (£ 000 and % of Total Turnover)
                                                                                                        • Company Profiles

                                                                                                          • Canute Distribution

                                                                                                                • Figure 101: Financial Analysis of Canute Distribution, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                              • Company Strategy
                                                                                                              • CEVA Logistics (formerly TNT Logistics)

                                                                                                                    • Figure 102: Financial Analysis of CEVA Logistics, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                  • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                  • DHL Supply Chain

                                                                                                                        • Figure 103: Financial Analysis of DHL Supply Chain, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                      • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                      • Eddie Stobart

                                                                                                                            • Figure 104: Financial Analysis of Eddie Stobart, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                          • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                          • Gist Limited

                                                                                                                                • Figure 105: Financial Analysis of Gist Limited, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                              • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                              • HOYER Petrolog UK (formerly HOYER UK Limited)

                                                                                                                                    • Figure 106: Financial Analysis of Hoyer Petrolog UK Limited, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                  • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                                  • Kuehne + Nagel

                                                                                                                                        • Figure 107: Financial Analysis of Kuehne + Nagel, 2010-14, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                      • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                                      • Lloyd Fraser Group

                                                                                                                                            • Figure 108: Financial Analysis of Lloyd Fraser Holdings Company Ltd, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                          • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                                          • NFT Distribution Holdings

                                                                                                                                                • Figure 109: Financial Analysis of NFT Distribution Holdings, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                              • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                                              • Wincanton Holdings

                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 110: Financial Analysis of Wincanton Holdings, 2011-15, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                                  • Company Strategy
                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 111: Profiled Companies’ Combined Turnover, 2011-2015, (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                                  • Forecast

                                                                                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                                                                                      • Stable growth expected despite Brexit uncertainty
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 112: UK Logistical Services Market Value Forecast, 2017-2021, (£ Billion at 2016 Prices)
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 113: UK Logistical Services Market Value Forecast, 2017-2021, (£ Billion at 2016 Prices)
                                                                                                                                                      • Road freight will continue to drive market development
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 114: UK Logistical Services Market Segmentation Forecast, by Type, 2017-2021, (£ Billion at 2016 Prices)
                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 115: UK Logistical Services Market Segmentation Forecast, by Type, 2017-2021, (% of Total Market)
                                                                                                                                                      • Retail e-commerce is shaping industry structure
                                                                                                                                                        • Industry has mixed opinions on technology adoption
                                                                                                                                                          • Environmental concerns remain
                                                                                                                                                          • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                                                                                                            • Trade associations
                                                                                                                                                              • Trade magazines
                                                                                                                                                                • Trade exhibitions

                                                                                                                                                                Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                                Logistical Services - UK - October 2016

                                                                                                                                                                US $1,333.00 (Excl.Tax)