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Low-cost Carriers in Europe - August 2016

“LCCs account for 40% of the scheduled seats recorded by OAG on intra-Europe routes for summer 2016, up from 38% in summer 2015. LCC seat capacity will grow by 13% year on year, while growth for all other airlines in aggregate will only be 5%.”
- Jessica Kelly, Senior Tourism Analyst

This report answers the following key questions:

  • Which are the main players in the European LCC sector and what are their market shares?
  • How do the cost structures of the main European LCCs compare?
  • What measures are European LCCs taking to penetrate the business-traveller segment? 
  • Which are areas of potential growth for European LCCs? 
  • What will be the impact of Brexit on European LCCs?

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Data Sources

      • Overview

          • Figure 1: Spending* on travel & tourism in Europe, 2015 & 2016
        • Trend in air passengers
          • Figure 2: Trend in air passengers in major European markets, 2010-18
      • Airline Market Shares

          • Figure 3: Market share of leading European LCCs* in terms of passengers & flights, July 2014-June 2015
        • Closing the gap with legacy carriers
          • Figure 4: Passenger market shares of legacy carriers & two biggest LCCs, 2015
        • Market share based on seat capacity
          • Figure 5: European airline market shares, 2000-15
          • Figure 6: Leading airlines by major country market in Europe*, ranked by departing seat capacity, 2015
        • LCCs leading growth in intra-Europe capacity
          • Figure 7: Intra-European air routes: Top 20 airline groups by share of scheduled seats, Summer 2016, & their seat growth versus Summer 2015
        • Destinations served
          • Figure 8: Countries served, destinations, routes, employees by LCC, June 2015
        • Aircraft fleets
          • Figure 9: Aircraft fleets of major LCCs in Europe, June 2015
        • LCC business model
          • High load factors
            • European LCC airport presence
              • Figure 10: easyJet & Ryanair presence at the 10 major European hub airports, 2016
            • LCCs as feeders for long-haul flights
              • A change in Ryanair’s strategy
                • A search for further growth
                  • Figure 11: Annualised growth rate of revenue for easyJet & Ryanair, 2001-15
                • Advantage for legacy carriers
                  • Still impediments to be overcome, however…
                    • Revenue sharing and luggage handling
                      • LCCs will grow anyway…
                      • European LCC Profiles

                        • Air Berlin
                          • Losing money
                            • Figure 12: Trend in Air Berlin passenger numbers, 2008-15
                          • Aircraft fleet
                            • Figure 13: Air Berlin's fleet, 31 March 2016
                          • easyJet
                            • A loss in the first fiscal half
                              • Figure 14: Fiscal first-half performance for the period ended 31 March 2016
                            • Country markets
                              • Figure 15: easyJet’s 15 leading country markets, August 2015
                              • Figure 16: easyJet market shares (seat capacity) by country, 2015
                            • France targeted for growth
                              • Airports
                                • Figure 17: easyJet’s market share at key airports, 2015
                                • Figure 18: Number of market pairs flown between primary airports, 2016
                              • Catering to business travellers
                                • easyJet’s loyalty programme
                                  • EasyJet looking to recruit 450 pilots
                                    • Aircraft fleet
                                      • Figure 19: easyJet's fleet as of 31 March 2016
                                    • Future fleet development
                                      • Figure 20: Future composition of easyJet’s fleet, FY 2015-FY 2022*
                                    • Eurowings
                                      • Aircraft fleet
                                        • Figure 21: Eurowings fleet, May 2016
                                      • HOP!
                                        • Aircraft fleet
                                          • Figure 22: HOP!’s aircraft fleet, 2016
                                        • Norwegian Air Shuttle
                                          • Impressive growth
                                            • Figure 23: Key performance data for Norwegian Air Shuttle, 2008-15
                                          • Financial results
                                            • Figure 24: Financial results, 2008-15
                                          • Aircraft fleet
                                            • Figure 25: Norwegian’s committed fleet development plan, 2015-18
                                          • Pegasus
                                            • Figure 26: Key performance indicators, 2014-15
                                          • Aircraft fleet
                                            • Figure 27: Pegasus’ fleet by type of aircraft & asset holding structure, December 2015
                                            • Figure 28: Forecasted growth of Pegasus’ fleet, 2016-20
                                          • Pobeda
                                            • Aeroflot has launched Pobeda
                                              • Aircraft fleet
                                                • Airports
                                                  • Ryanair
                                                    • Passengers exceed 100 million in FY 2016
                                                      • Figure 29: Projected growth in Ryanair passengers, FY 2016-FY 2024
                                                    • Italy, the biggest country market
                                                      • Figure 30: Ryanair’s leading country markets, August 2015
                                                    • Fastest-growing airports
                                                      • Figure 31: Ryanair destination airports ranked by growth in weekly departing seats, August 2014-15
                                                    • A low-cost producer
                                                      • Figure 32: Ryanair cost per passenger (ex-fuel) compared to five other LCCs, 2015
                                                    • Profit up despite terror attacks and strikes
                                                      • Figure 33: Ryanair’s results & performance metrics, FY 2014/15-FY 2015/16
                                                    • ‘Always Getting Better’
                                                      • Year 1
                                                        • Year 2
                                                          • Year 3
                                                            • Outlook for FY 2016/17
                                                              • Aircraft fleet
                                                                • Figure 34: Ryanair’s fleet expansion, 2015-24
                                                              • Ryanair Rooms
                                                                • ‘Ryanair Holidays’ on the way
                                                                  • Transavia
                                                                    • Figure 35: Trend in Transavia Netherlands passengers, 2006-15
                                                                  • Transavia France
                                                                    • Commercial initiatives
                                                                      • Spain is the main destination
                                                                        • Figure 36: Transavia’s top-12 destinations by weekly departures from Dutch airports, September 2014 & September 2015
                                                                      • Performance and fleet
                                                                        • Figure 37: Performance data & fleet, 2011-15
                                                                      • Volotea
                                                                        • Figure 38: Volotea’s destinations, 2016
                                                                      • Aircraft fleet
                                                                        • Vueling
                                                                          • Figure 39: Vueling’s financial results, 2015
                                                                        • Aircraft fleet
                                                                          • Figure 40: Vueling’s fleet, April 2016
                                                                        • Wizz Air
                                                                          • Routes and airports
                                                                            • 77 routes added but only 12 discontinued
                                                                              • Country markets
                                                                                • Figure 41: Top-15 airports & country destinations for summer 2016*
                                                                              • A true ULCC
                                                                                • Aircraft fleet
                                                                                  • Figure 42: Wizz Air’s fleet, 2016
                                                                                  • Figure 43: Wizz Air’s fleet deployment by country, 2015-16
                                                                                • Wow air
                                                                                  • Iceland to California
                                                                                    • Aircraft fleet
                                                                                      • Figure 44: Wow air’s fleet, 2016
                                                                                  • What Next?

                                                                                      • More long-haul LCC flights?
                                                                                        • Norwegian Air Shuttle increasing its transatlantic flights
                                                                                          • Cork-Boston next
                                                                                            • Brexit bad for European LCCs

                                                                                            Companies Covered

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                                                                                            Low-cost Carriers in Europe - August 2016

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