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Railway Engineering (Industrial Report) - UK - March 2014

"The anticipated increase in demand from passengers together with growth in the rail freight sector will put additional strain on the UK’s rail system over the coming years, with the network already nearing its capacity limits. Thus continued investment in the rail infrastructure will be necessary over the coming years."

- Claudia Preedy, Industrial Analyst

Investment will also be supported by government plans to modernise the rail network, largely through enhancement and electrification schemes. For the next control period, 2014-19, Network Rail plans to procure 65% of its control period 5 work bank by April 2014. Furthermore, the company is set to move away from competitive tendering and towards frameworks and alliances. This will result in the company forming closer, longer-term relationships with its contractors, but also in a number of its current contractors losing out on work, as the company is set to work with fewer suppliers.

This report analyses expenditure by the rail sector in both rolling stock and infrastructure investments. As such, the market includes the following sectors:

  • Civil engineering work 
  • Track and signalling work, including new routes and new electrification 
  • Rolling stock, including eligible refurbishment work 
  • Stations, including retail outlets buildings 
  • Other expenditure associated with the rail business 


All of the values quoted in this report are at current prices unless otherwise specified.

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Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary

      • The market
        • Recent rise in government subsidies to rail industry driven by major rail projects
          • Figure 1: Government railway funding, 2009-13
        • 50% of rail renewal expenditure is directed towards track and signalling renewal
          • Figure 2: Rail renewal expenditure, by asset, 2012-13
        • Thameslink represented the largest project for enhancement expenditure between 2010 and 2014
          • Network Rail granted £24.9 billion for capital spending during CP5 2014-19
            • Figure 3: Forecast capital expenditure for CP5, by type, 2014/15-2018/19
          • Crossrail will be the largest rail infrastructure project over the next five years
            • Figure 4: Cost of enhancement projects in England and Wales during CP5, 2014/15-2018/19
          • Market factors
            • Network Rail’s funding and delivery outputs are agreed in five-year blocks called control periods
              • Increase in passenger journeys to drive investment in rail infrastructure and capacity
                • HS2 to have major impact on rail infrastructure spending over the next two decades
                  • Companies
                    • Network rail plans to procure 65% of its CP5 work bank by April 2014
                      • What we think
                      • Introduction

                        • Definitions
                          • Methodology
                            • Abbreviations
                              • Market positioning
                                • UK economy
                                  • Inflation
                                    • Interest rates
                                      • Imports
                                        • Exports
                                          • Market factors
                                          • Market Size and Trends

                                            • Chapter summary
                                              • Market size
                                                • Figure 5: Government railway funding, by type, 2009-13
                                                • Figure 6: Private investment in railways, by type, 2008-13
                                              • Infrastructure
                                                • Figure 7: Rail infrastructure in Great Britain, 2008/09-2012/13
                                                • Figure 8: Rail industry infrastructure activity, 2008-13
                                                • Figure 9: Rail infrastructure renewals, enhancements and maintenance expenditure in Great Britain, 2010-13 and planned 2014
                                                • Figure 10: Rail infrastructure renewals, enhancements and maintenance expenditure in Great Britain graph, 2010-13 and planned 2014
                                                • Figure 11: Renewal expenditure, by asset, 2010-13
                                                • Figure 12: Private sector investment in track and signalling, 2009-13
                                                • Figure 13: Private sector investment in stations, 2009-13
                                                • Figure 14: Analysis of enhancement expenditure in England and Wales, by type, 2010-13 and planned 2014
                                                • Figure 15: Analysis of enhancement expenditure in Scotland, by type, 2010-12 and planned 2013-14
                                                • Figure 16: Analysis of enhancement expenditure on non-PR08 funded schemes, by type, 2010-12 and planned 2013-14
                                              • Rolling stock
                                                  • Figure 17: Average age of rolling stock, by sector, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 18: Average age of rolling stock graph, by sector, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 19: Average age of rolling stock, by company, 2008-12
                                                  • Figure 20: Number of passenger journeys, by sector, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 21: Share of passenger journeys, by sector, 2012/13
                                                  • Figure 22: Distance covered, by freight trains, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 23: Rolling stock investment in Great Britain, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 24: Rolling stock investment in Great Britain graph, 2009-13
                                                  • Figure 25: Rolling stock parc, 2013 and committed to 2014
                                              • Supply Sources

                                                • Chapter summary
                                                  • Production
                                                    • Overview
                                                        • Figure 26: UK production of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, 2008-12
                                                      • Segmentation
                                                        • Figure 27: Segmentation of the UK production of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, by type, 2008-12
                                                      • Imports
                                                        • Overview
                                                          • Figure 28: UK imports of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, 2009-13
                                                        • Segmentation
                                                          • Figure 29: Segmentation of UK imports of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, by type, 2009-13
                                                          • Figure 30: UK imports of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, by type, 2013
                                                        • Exports
                                                          • Overview
                                                            • Figure 31: UK exports of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, 2009-13
                                                          • Segmentation
                                                            • Figure 32: Segmentation of UK exports of locomotives, rolling stock and other equipment, by type, 2009-13
                                                        • Investment Profiles

                                                          • Chapter summary
                                                            • Introduction
                                                              • Figure 33: Train operating companies, 2013
                                                            • Train operating companies
                                                              • Arriva Trains Wales
                                                                • Figure 34: Key statistics for Arriva Trains Wales, 2011-13
                                                              • c2c
                                                                • Figure 35: Key statistics for c2c, 2011-13
                                                              • Chiltern Railways
                                                                • Figure 36: Key statistics for Chiltern Railways, 2011-13
                                                              • Cross Country
                                                                • Figure 37: Key statistics for Cross Country, 2011-13
                                                              • East Coast
                                                                  • Figure 38: Key statistics for East Coast, 2011-13
                                                                • East Midlands Trains
                                                                  • Figure 39: Key Statistics for East Midlands Trains, 2011-13
                                                                • Eurostar
                                                                  • First Capital Connect
                                                                    • Figure 40: Key statistics for First Capital Connect, 2011-13
                                                                  • First Great Western
                                                                      • Figure 41: Key statistics for First Great Western, 2011-13
                                                                    • First Hull Trains
                                                                      • First ScotRail
                                                                        • Figure 42: Key statistics for First ScotRail, 2011-13
                                                                      • First TransPennine Express
                                                                        • Figure 43: Key Statistics for First TransPennine Express, 2011-13
                                                                      • Grand Central
                                                                        • Abellio Greater Anglia
                                                                          • Figure 44: Key statistics for Abellio Greater Anglia, 2011-13
                                                                        • Heathrow Connect
                                                                          • Heathrow Express
                                                                            • London Midland
                                                                              • Figure 45: Key statistics for London Midland, 2011-13
                                                                            • London Overground
                                                                              • Figure 46: Key statistics for London Overground, 2011-13
                                                                            • Merseyrail
                                                                              • Figure 47: Key statistics for Merseyrail, 2011-13
                                                                            • Northern Rail
                                                                              • Figure 48: Key statistics for Northern Rail, 2011-13
                                                                            • North Yorkshire Moors Railway
                                                                              • Southeastern
                                                                                  • Figure 49: Key statistics for Southeastern, 2011-13
                                                                                • Southern
                                                                                    • Figure 50: Key statistics for Southern, 2011-13
                                                                                  • South West Trains
                                                                                    • Figure 51: Key statistics for South West Trains, 2011-13
                                                                                  • Virgin Trains
                                                                                    • Figure 52: Key statistics for Virgin Trains, 2011-13
                                                                                  • West Coast Railway
                                                                                    • Freight operators
                                                                                      • Colas Rail
                                                                                          • Figure 53: Key statistics for Colas Rail, 2013
                                                                                        • Direct Rail Services
                                                                                            • Figure 54: Key statistics for Direct Rail Services, 2013
                                                                                          • DB Schenker Rail
                                                                                            • Freightliner Group
                                                                                              • Figure 55: Key statistics for Freightliner in the UK, 2013
                                                                                            • GB Railfreight
                                                                                                • Figure 56: Key statistics for GB Railfreight, 2013
                                                                                              • Mendip Rail
                                                                                                • Rolling Stock Operating Companies
                                                                                                  • Angel Trains
                                                                                                    • Porterbrook Leasing Company
                                                                                                      • Eversholt Rail Group
                                                                                                        • QW Rail Leasing
                                                                                                          • Network Rail
                                                                                                            • London & Continental Railways/HS1
                                                                                                            • Supply Industry Structure

                                                                                                              • Chapter summary
                                                                                                                • Industry development
                                                                                                                  • Figure 57: Analysis of the changes in the structure of the railway and tramway rolling stock manufacturing industry, 2009-13
                                                                                                                • Structure by employment
                                                                                                                  • Figure 58: Analysis of the employment structure of the railway and tramway rolling stock manufacturing industry, 2012-13
                                                                                                                • Structure by turnover
                                                                                                                  • Figure 59: Analysis of the financial structure of the railway and tramway rolling stock manufacturing industry, 2012-13
                                                                                                                • Company profiles
                                                                                                                  • Bombardier Transportation UK
                                                                                                                      • Figure 60: Financial analysis of Bombardier Transportation UK, 2008-12
                                                                                                                      • Figure 61: Turnover analysis of Bombardier Transportation UK, by business segment, 2011 and 2012
                                                                                                                    • AMEC
                                                                                                                        • Figure 62: Financial analysis of AMEC, 2008-12
                                                                                                                      • Amey
                                                                                                                          • Figure 63: Financial analysis of Amey UK, 2008-12
                                                                                                                          • Figure 64: Financial analysis of Amey Rail, 2008-12
                                                                                                                        • Angel Trains
                                                                                                                          • Figure 65: Financial analysis of Angel Trains, 2009-12
                                                                                                                        • Balfour Beatty Group
                                                                                                                            • Figure 66: Financial analysis of Balfour Beatty, 2008-12
                                                                                                                            • Figure 67: Financial analysis of Balfour Beatty, by segment, 2009-12
                                                                                                                          • Knorr-Bremse Group
                                                                                                                              • Figure 68: Financial analysis of Knorr-Bremse Rail Systems (UK), 2008-12
                                                                                                                            • Siemens Rail Automation Holdings (formerly Westinghouse Brake and Signal Holdings)
                                                                                                                              • Figure 69: Financial analysis of Siemens Rail Automation Holdings, 2008-12
                                                                                                                            • Babcock Rail (formerly First Engineering)
                                                                                                                                • Figure 70: Financial analysis of Babcock Rail, 2009-13
                                                                                                                              • Siemens
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 71: Financial analysis of Siemens, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                • Network Rail
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 72: Financial analysis of Network Rail, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                • Eversholt Rail (UK)
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 73: Financial analysis of Eversholt Rail (UK), 2008-11
                                                                                                                                • Porterbrook Leasing Company
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 74: Financial analysis of Porterbrook Leasing Company, 2008-11
                                                                                                                                  • Hitachi Rail Europe
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 75: Financial analysis of Hitachi Rail Europe, 2009-13
                                                                                                                                  • Forecast

                                                                                                                                    • Chapter summary
                                                                                                                                      • Market size
                                                                                                                                        • Infrastructure
                                                                                                                                          • Figure 76: Rail infrastructure projects pipeline, 2013
                                                                                                                                        • High speed rail network (HS2)
                                                                                                                                          • Maintenance expenditure in CP5
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 77: Forecast rail maintenance expenditure for CP5, 2014/15-2018/19
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 78: Forecast rail maintenance expenditure for CP5 graph, 2013/14-2018/19
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 79: Forecast rail maintenance expenditure for CP5, by activity, 2013/14-2018/19
                                                                                                                                          • Capital expenditure in CP5
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 80: Forecast capital expenditure for CP5, by type, 2014/15-2018/19
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 81: Forecast capital expenditure for CP5 graph, by type, 2014/15-2018/19
                                                                                                                                          • Renewals expenditure in CP5
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 82: Forecast rail renewals expenditure for CP5, by activity, 2013/14-2018/19
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 83: Forecast rail track renewal activity for CP5, by activity, 2014/15-2018/19 and CP5 total
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 84: Forecast rail structures renewal for CP5, by activity, 2014/15-2018/19
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 85: Forecast rail electrification and plant renewal for CP5, by activity, 2014/15-2018/19
                                                                                                                                            • Figure 86: Forecast building renewal for CP5, by activity, 2014/15-2018/19
                                                                                                                                          • Enhancements expenditure in CP5
                                                                                                                                              • Figure 87: Cost of enhancement projects during CP5
                                                                                                                                            • Crossrail
                                                                                                                                              • Thameslink Programme
                                                                                                                                                • Electrification schemes
                                                                                                                                                  • Other committed schemes
                                                                                                                                                    • Other named schemes and CP4 rollover schemes
                                                                                                                                                      • HLOS capacity metric schemes
                                                                                                                                                        • Rolling Stock
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 88: Fleet size requirements for passenger fleet under a low growth forecast, 2014-42
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 89: Fleet size requirements for passenger fleet under a medium growth forecast, 2014-42
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 90: Fleet size requirements for passenger fleet under a high growth forecast, 2014-42
                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 91: Role of electric rolling stock under the medium growth forecast, 2014-42
                                                                                                                                                        • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                                                                                                          • Trade associations and regulatory bodies
                                                                                                                                                            • Trade magazines
                                                                                                                                                              • Trade exhibitions

                                                                                                                                                              Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                              To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                              Railway Engineering (Industrial Report) - UK - March 2014

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