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Railways in India - September 2016

“Railways, perhaps along with post offices, are the only two institutions in India with a deep network which, if tapped judiciously, can create substantial improvements in the hinterland. Railways were always considered only as a mode of transport in our country. We want to see railways as the backbone of India’s economic development.”
– Shri Narendra Modi, prime minister of India

This report answers the following key questions:

  • Why did tourist arrivals from Bangladesh double between 2009 and 2014?
  • Why do certain routes suffer from congestion?
  • Why might less government involvement help the railways?
  • How does the Indian diaspora provide opportunities for tour operators and travel agents?

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Data Sources

      • Overview of India

          • India’s political system
            • The economy
              • The role of tourism in the economy
              • Overview of Travel and Tourism

                • The timeless allure of India
                  • Figure 1: International tourist arrivals in India, 2010-14
                • India’s tourist attractions
                • Where Do The Tourists Come From?

                    • Figure 2: Top 10 source countries for international arrivals to India, 2009-14
                • The History of Railways in India

                    • Indian labour and Kenya’s ‘Lunatic Express’
                      • How the railways helped to unify India
                        • The legacy of the Indian railways
                          • Figure 3: List of rail museums along Indian railways, 2016
                      • The Indian Railway Network Today

                          • Figure 4: Number of passengers carried on Indian railways showing year-on-year % growth, fiscal year 2009/10-2013/14
                          • Figure 5: Rail network showing expansion over 5 years, FYs 2009/10-2013/14
                        • Railway accidents in India
                          • Figure 6: Comparison of rail accidents between India & Europe (EU-27), 2012*
                      • Railway Revenues in India

                          • Figure 7: Share of rail-traffic earnings expressed as a %, fiscal years 2010/11-2014/15
                        • Railway funding
                          • Figure 8: IR funding as a % of GDP, 2008-19
                      • The Need to Become More Competitive

                          • Underinvestment in infrastructure
                            • Figure 9: Infrastructure spending as a % of GDP, comparing India & China, 2014
                          • Private-sector involvement
                          • Types of Trains in India

                              • Long-distance/intercity trains
                                • Express and Mail trains
                                  • Superfast Express trains
                                    • Garib Rath trains
                                      • Duronto Express trains
                                        • Rajdhani Express trains
                                          • Shatabdi Express trains
                                            • New trains are on the way
                                              • Tejas trains: For those in a hurry
                                                • Humsafar: For the middle class
                                                  • Uday double decker trains: For those travelling on busy routes
                                                    • Antyodaya: For poorer travellers
                                                    • The On-board Experience

                                                      • A multitude of classes
                                                        • AC1 or lA
                                                          • AC2 or 2A
                                                            • AC3 or 3A
                                                              • EC or AC executive chair class
                                                                • CC or AC chair class
                                                                  • SL or sleeper class
                                                                    • 2S or 2nd-class seating
                                                                      • Food and drink
                                                                        • The pantry car is disappearing
                                                                        • Sample Journeys and Travel Times

                                                                            • Figure 10: Sample train routes & journey duration, 2016
                                                                          • Bangalore City-Chennai
                                                                            • Goa-Pune
                                                                              • Kolkata-Varanasi
                                                                                • Mumbai-Madgaon
                                                                                  • New Delhi-Agra/New Delhi-Jaipur
                                                                                    • Booking procedures
                                                                                      • The IndRail Pass
                                                                                        • Figure 11: Selected prices for an IndRail pass, by class of train, expressed in US Dollars, 2016
                                                                                    • Luxury Tourist Trains in India

                                                                                        • Deccan Odyssey
                                                                                          • Golden Chariot
                                                                                            • Maharajas’ Express
                                                                                              • Palace on Wheels
                                                                                                • Royal Rajasthan on Wheels
                                                                                                • Hill Trains in India

                                                                                                    • Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (West Bengal)
                                                                                                      • Kalka-Shimla Railway (Haryana/Himachal Pradesh)
                                                                                                        • Nilgiri Mountain Railway (Tamil Nadu)
                                                                                                        • India is a Drawcard for Railway Enthusiasts

                                                                                                            • How do railway enthusiasts enjoy their hobby?
                                                                                                              • Specialised media
                                                                                                                • Recording rail images for posterity
                                                                                                                  • Do as I say, not as I do
                                                                                                                  • Who Are The ‘Train Tourists’?

                                                                                                                      • Budget travellers, adventure travellers and backpackers
                                                                                                                        • Professionals, retirees and business travellers
                                                                                                                          • Well-heeled tourists
                                                                                                                          • Demographics of the Inbound Market

                                                                                                                              • A potential market for rail companies, travel agents and tour operators
                                                                                                                                • Figure 12: Demographics of selected source markets, aged 65 & older, 2015
                                                                                                                            • Tour Operators Specialising in Train Trips

                                                                                                                                • Explore Worldwide
                                                                                                                                  • Great Rail Journeys
                                                                                                                                    • Kuoni Travel UK
                                                                                                                                      • Luxury Trains of India
                                                                                                                                        • Railbookers UK
                                                                                                                                        • What Next?

                                                                                                                                          Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                          To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                          Railways in India - September 2016

                                                                                                                                          £295.00 (Excl.Tax)