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Recycling - UK - March 2016

“Demanding international economic conditions and changing import policies have had a negative impact on UK companies operating in the recycling industry. Lower demand from key China and EU markets has had the greatest impact, suggesting that companies working to create a balanced customer base to spread risk will be better placed to weather economic and commodity price led fluctuations”
– Ambreen Ahmad, Research Analyst

This report discusses the following key questions:

  • What are the key determinants driving the recycling industry?
  • How have UK governments influenced and shaped the development of recycling in each respective country?
  • How have EU directives and individual behaviour shaped market demand and supply?
  • What are the key issues the industry needs to address to expand and improve recycling in the long term?
  • What does the future hold for the UK’s recycling industry?

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Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary

      • The market
        • Figure 1: UK market for recycling, by value, 2010-14 (£ million)
        • Figure 2: UK recycling market size, by volume, 2010/11-2014/15 (Million tonnes)
      • Forecast
        • Figure 3: Forecast of UK recycling market size, by volume, 2016/17-2020/21, (Million tonnes)
      • Market factors and trends
        • Figure 4: Percentage of Local Authorities operating each dry recycle scheme, by country, 2014/15, (% of Local Authorities)
        • Figure 5: Crude steel production, by country/region, 2011-15 (000 tonnes)
      • The consumer
        • International trade
          • Companies
            • What we think
            • Key Issues

                • How can UK local authorities improve household recycling rates?
                  • How will the EU’s latest proposed targets impact the UK’s recycling industry?
                    • How can the recycling industry respond to the impact of falling commodity prices?
                    • Introduction

                        • Definitions
                          • Abbreviations
                          • Market Positioning

                              • Non-ferrous metals
                                • Plastics
                                  • UK recycling targets
                                    • Figure 6: UK government recycling targets, 2014-17 (%)
                                • UK Economy

                                  • Key points
                                    • Overview
                                      • Figure 7: UK GDP quarterly development, 2003-15, (£ billion)
                                      • Figure 8: Quarters after GDP peak, 1979, 1990 and 2008, (Number of quarters and GDP as % of pre-downturn peak)
                                    • Inflation
                                      • Interest rates
                                        • House prices
                                          • Consumer spending
                                            • Manufacturing
                                              • Figure 9: UK output, by industry, 2008-2015, (Index: Q1 2008 = 100)
                                            • Business investment
                                              • Figure 10: UK GFCF 2003-15, (£ million)
                                            • Imports
                                              • Exports
                                              • Market Factors and Trends

                                                • Key points
                                                  • Environmental and social factors
                                                    • Circular economy
                                                      • Quality of recycled waste products
                                                        • Figure 11: Households waste arising and recycled, UK, 2010-14 (000 tonnes)
                                                        • Figure 12: Households waste arising and recycled, UK regions, 2010-14 (000 tonnes)
                                                      • Population
                                                        • Figure 13: UK population, by region (000)
                                                      • Economic factors
                                                        • Rising household spending on goods and services
                                                          • Figure 14: Quarterly household final consumption expenditure total (£ billion), seasonally adjusted
                                                        • Household spending
                                                          • Commodity prices
                                                            • Figure 15: Metals price index, 2011-15 (real 2010 US dollars)
                                                            • Figure 16: Metals commodity prices, 2011-15 (real 2010 US$/metric tonne)
                                                          • Crude steel production declines in 2015
                                                            • Figure 17: Crude steel production, by country/region, 2011-15 (000 tonnes)
                                                          • Legislation
                                                            • Local authority recycling schemes
                                                              • Figure 18: Percentage of Local Authorities operating each dry recycle scheme, by country, 2014/15
                                                            • Technology and innovation
                                                              • Plastics sorting barcode in development
                                                                • Northern Ireland’s mobile recycling App
                                                                  • Electronic devices recycling services
                                                                    • E-trade
                                                                    • Market Size

                                                                      • Key points
                                                                        • Market size, by value
                                                                          • Figure 19: UK market for recycling, by value, 2010/11-2014/15 (£ million)
                                                                        • Market size, by volume
                                                                          • Figure 20: UK recycling market size, by volume, 2010/11-2014/15 (Million tonnes)
                                                                          • Figure 21: Total waste and recycling volumes, UK, 2010-13 (Million tonnes)
                                                                        • Municipal recycling
                                                                          • Figure 22: UK municipal waste arisings, by country, 2010/11-2014/15 (000 tonnes)
                                                                          • Figure 23: Municipal recycling rates, by country, 2010/11-2014/15 (%)
                                                                        • Commercial and industrial recycling
                                                                          • Figure 24: Commercial & industrial waste and recycling, UK, 2010-14 (Million tonnes and %)
                                                                      • Market Segmentation

                                                                        • Key points
                                                                          • Municipal recycling
                                                                            • Figure 25: Municipal waste recycled, by material, England, 2009/10-2014/14 (000 tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 26: Municipal waste recycled, by material, Scotland, 2008/09-2012/13 (000 tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 27: Municipal waste recycled, by material, Wales, 2010/11-2014/15 (000 tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 28: Municipal waste recycled, by material, Northern Ireland, 2009/10 - 2013/14 (000 tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 29: Municipal waste recycled, by material, UK, 2013/14 (% of total and 000 tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 30: Municipal waste recycled, by material, UK, 2013/14 (%)
                                                                          • Commercial and industrial recycling
                                                                            • Figure 31: Commercial & industrial waste and recycling, by material, UK, 2009 (000 tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 32: C & I recycling rate, by material, UK, 2009 (%)
                                                                            • Figure 33: Commercial & industrial recycling rates, by material and country, England and Northern Ireland, 2009, and Wales, 2007 (%).
                                                                            • Figure 34: Commercial & industrial waste and recycling, by material, England, 2009 (Tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 35: Commercial & industrial waste and recycling, by selected material, England, 2012 (Tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 36: Commercial & industrial waste and recycling, by material, Wales, 2007 and 2012 (Tonnes)
                                                                            • Figure 37: Commercial & industrial waste and recycling, by material, Northern Ireland, 2009 (Tonnes)
                                                                        • International Trade

                                                                          • Key points
                                                                            • Imports
                                                                              • Figure 38: UK imports of waste and scrap, 2009-13, (£ million)
                                                                              • Figure 39: UK imports of waste and scrap, 2011-15 (£ million)
                                                                            • Exports
                                                                                • Figure 40: UK exports of metal waste and scrap, 2011-15 (£ million)
                                                                            • The Consumer – Recycling Methods

                                                                              • More than two-thirds of householders recycle using kerbside collections
                                                                                  • Figure 41: Recycling methods, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                  • Figure 42: Recycling methods, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                • Older householders more likely to use kerbside and household centre recycling methods
                                                                                  • Figure 43: Age of those utilising kerbside collections, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                  • Figure 44: Age of those utilising either kerbside collections or household recycling centres, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                  • Figure 45: Location of those utilising kerbside collections, UK, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                              • The Consumer – Recycling Frequency

                                                                                • Frequency of recycling method
                                                                                    • Figure 46: Frequency of using kerbside collection methods, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                    • Figure 47: Frequency of using kerbside collection methods, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                    • Figure 48: Frequency of using kerbside collection methods, by region/location, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                • The Consumer – Recycling Attitudes

                                                                                  • Satisfaction with recycling collections
                                                                                      • Figure 49: Attitudes towards recycling processes, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                    • Households that recycle monthly happiest with kerbside collections
                                                                                        • Figure 50: Recycling process, by frequency of collection August 2015, (% of Respondents)
                                                                                    • The Consumer – Recycling Attitudes

                                                                                          • Figure 51: Recycling attitudes, August 2015, (% of respondents)
                                                                                      • Industry Structure

                                                                                        • Key points
                                                                                          • Industry overview
                                                                                            • Structure by employment
                                                                                              • Figure 52: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Materials Recovery Industry, 2014 and 2015 (Number of businesses)
                                                                                            • Structure by turnover
                                                                                              • Figure 53: Analysis of the financial structure of the materials recovery sector, 2014 and 2015 (£ 000 and number of companies)
                                                                                          • Company Profiles

                                                                                            • Companies
                                                                                            • Biffa

                                                                                                • WasteHoldco Limited is the ultimate holding company of the Biffa Group
                                                                                                  • Recent company activity
                                                                                                    • Figure 54: Financial analysis of Biffa Group, 2011-2015, (£ million)
                                                                                                  • Company strategy
                                                                                                  • Cory Environmental

                                                                                                      • Recent company activity
                                                                                                          • Figure 55: Financial analysis of Cory Environmental, 2010-14, (£ million)
                                                                                                        • Company strategy
                                                                                                        • European Metal Recycling

                                                                                                            • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                • Figure 56: Financial analysis of European Metal Recycling, 2010-2014 (£ million)
                                                                                                              • Company strategy
                                                                                                              • FCC Environment UK (formerly Focsa Services)

                                                                                                                    • Figure 57: Financial analysis of FCC Environment UK, 2010-14, (£ million)
                                                                                                                  • Company strategy
                                                                                                                  • Metal and Waste Recycling

                                                                                                                      • Recent activity
                                                                                                                        • Figure 58: Financial analysis of Metal & Waste Recycling, 2010-2015 (£ millions)
                                                                                                                      • Company strategy
                                                                                                                      • Shanks Group

                                                                                                                          • Recent activity
                                                                                                                              • Figure 59: Financial analysis of Shanks Group, 2011-15, (£ million)
                                                                                                                            • Company strategy
                                                                                                                            • SUEZ Environment (previously SITA UK)

                                                                                                                                • Recent activity
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 60: Financial analysis of SUEZ Environment (formerly SITA UK), 2010-14, (£ million)
                                                                                                                                  • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                  • Veolia Environmental Services (UK)

                                                                                                                                      • Recent activity
                                                                                                                                          • Figure 61: Financial analysis of Veolia Environmental Services (UK), 2009-2013 (£ Million)
                                                                                                                                        • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                        • Forecast

                                                                                                                                          • Key points
                                                                                                                                            • Market size
                                                                                                                                              • Figure 62: Forecast of UK recycling market size, by volume, (Million tonnes)
                                                                                                                                              • Figure 63: Forecast of UK municipal and C & I recycling rate, 2016/17-2020/21, %
                                                                                                                                            • Market segmentation
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 64: Packaging waste targets forecast 2020-30 (%)
                                                                                                                                              • Landfill
                                                                                                                                                • Figure 65: Forecast segmentation of the UK recycling market, by volume, 2014/15-2018/19 (Million tonnes)
                                                                                                                                              • Industry
                                                                                                                                                • Investment growth and opportunities
                                                                                                                                                  • Industry innovation
                                                                                                                                                  • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                                                                                                    • Trade associations
                                                                                                                                                      • Trade magazines
                                                                                                                                                        • Trade exhibitions

                                                                                                                                                        Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                        To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                        Recycling - UK - March 2016

                                                                                                                                                        £1,495.00 (Excl.Tax)