Sorry for interrupting, this website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Learn more
Accept & Close

Shopping Malls - US - March 2013

“The market for malls and mall retailers is one that has seen stagnation and decline over the last decade and can expect to see these trends continue as the current oversupply of mall retail space in the U.S. shrinks to meet actual demand. Malls are no longer attractive places for Americans to shop, owing largely to the desire to avoid crowds, the expansion of mass merchandisers and online retailers, and a perception that items for sale in malls are more expensive than similar items available in other venues. Opportunities to optimize existing mall spaces may be found in catering in particular to the tastes and interests of Hispanic and Asian consumers who demonstrate a higher-than-average inclination to visit malls and have a particularly high affinity for dining, entertainment, and services provided by malls. Making malls a more desirable place to spend time will help to win back these and other loyal consumers to the channel.”

– Ali Lipson, Retail Analyst

Some questions answered in this report include:

  • How can malls demonstrate that they offer unique products that compel users to make an extra stop on their shopping trips?
  • Are there opportunities to drive greater mall traffic among Asian and Hispanic consumers?
  • Can dying malls be revived by shifting the focus away from retail?

 

Significant growth in online shopping and the deal-finding behavior that comes with it over the last five years has created a challenging environment for malls. In this new era of shopping, physical stores are less relevant for many categories, and malls and mall retailers are struggling to beat year-over-year sales trends and keep traffic levels up. Innovations from smaller operators offer hope for the future of mall retailing.

To understand where growth is most likely to be found, this report explores the primary reasons why shoppers continue to shop at malls and the factors that drive consumers to avoid malls. New insights about how malls can compete in the future stem from two key observations: Hispanic and Asian shoppers are mall-loving groups that are largely underserved by existing malls, yet are the heaviest users of malls in the first place. Roughly half of all consumers agree that items for sale in malls are very similar to items for sale in stand-alone retailers.

For the purposes of this report, Mintel has used the following definitions:

Shopping Malls are defined as one or more buildings forming a complex of stores, foodservice locations, and other businesses (such as movie theaters, salons/day spas, fitness centers, etc.) with connecting walkways enabling visitors to walk from unit to unit. This includes both indoor and outdoor shopping malls and includes those with parking areas and without parking areas.

This report focuses on traditional Shopping Malls only. Outlet Malls (malls where a majority of retailers are outlet or discount stores) and Strip Malls (also known as Strip Centers, outdoor areas where several retail outlets exist side by side, often adjacent to one another, generally with a parking lot) may be mentioned, but are excluded from Mintel’s definition of shopping malls.

 

 

Liqueurs - UK - January 2012

Take a look inside a sample report

Mintel’s consumer reports deliver insight and expert analysis into key consumer trends and behaviour in your marketplace, in addition to an overview of the market data and key brands. Mintel’s consumer reports provide you with easily digestible information to guide your future innovation and move your business forward.

Download now

 

What you get

What's included

Why buy from us?

Succeed

Our reports will provide you with market data, consumer research and competitive intelligence to succeed in your market.

Instant Access

Buy now and you'll have instant access to the information you need to make the right decisions.

Opportunities

Find out what's next in the markets that matter to you: where opportunities lie and what challenges you will face.

Trusted

A business Superbrand, Mintel is a source you can trust. We have been defining and refining the Market Intelligence mix since 1972.

Table of contents

  1. Scope and Themes

    • What you need to know
      • Definition
        • Data sources
          • Consumer survey data
            • Advertising creative
              • Abbreviations and terms
                • Abbreviations
                  • Terms
                  • Executive Summary

                      • Market factors
                        • Demographic trends drive mixed mall performance
                          • Online and mobile shopping will have an effect on mall retailers
                            • Figure 1: Fan chart forecast of total U.S. online and mobile shopping sales, at current prices, 2006-16
                          • Overall retail sales fluctuate, consumer spending on mall categories mixed
                            • Figure 2: National retail sales growth rate (%), all retailers, 2003-13
                          • Key players achieve scale, but smaller players drive innovation
                            • Marketing successes
                              • The consumer
                                • Most consumers are monthly shoppers.
                                  • Younger consumers like to shop more and are willing to browse
                                      • Figure 3: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by age, December 2012
                                    • Consumers want shopping to be easier
                                      • Figure 4: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, December 2012
                                    • Asian and Hispanic consumers are a mall’s best customer
                                      • Figure 5: Frequency of visits to shopping malls— frequency groups, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                    • What we think
                                    • Issues in the Market

                                        • How can malls demonstrate that they offer unique products that compel users to make an extra stop on their shopping trips?
                                          • Are there opportunities to drive greater mall traffic among Asian and Hispanic consumers?
                                            • Can dying malls be revived by shifting the focus away from retail?
                                            • Insights and Opportunities

                                              • Malls need an app strategy
                                                • Building mall “brands” and themed experiences
                                                  • Back to the bazaar—instilling the excitement of discovery in shopping
                                                    • Drifting from the mainstream, appealing to Hispanic and Asian consumers
                                                      • Transforming malls into the go-to destination for moms
                                                      • Trend Application

                                                          • Trend: Immaterial World
                                                            • Trend: The Real Thing
                                                              • Future Trend: Access Anything, Anywhere
                                                              • Market Drivers

                                                                • Key points
                                                                  • An aging population is bad news for malls…
                                                                    • Figure 6: Population, by age, 2008-18
                                                                    • Figure 7: Households, by presence and ages of children, 2011
                                                                  • …but growing Hispanic and Asian populations means there will be more mall enthusiasts in the future
                                                                    • Figure 8: Population, by race and Hispanic origin, 2008-18
                                                                    • Figure 9: Households, by race of householder and presence and ages of children, 2011
                                                                  • More single shoppers need to keep their wardrobes up to date
                                                                    • Figure 10: Percentage of population aged 15+ who are married, 1960-2010
                                                                    • Figure 11: Number and percentage of unmarrieds, 1960 and 2010
                                                                  • Internet penetration does not mean the end of mall sales
                                                                    • Figure 12: Internet access at home, 2008-11
                                                                  • Excess square footage
                                                                      • Figure 13: Macerich group mall occupancy rates at year end, 2002-11
                                                                    • Overall retail sales continue to grow
                                                                      • Figure 14: National retail sales growth rate (%), all retailers, 2003-13
                                                                    • Consumers remain uneager to buy
                                                                      • Figure 15: Index of consumer sentiment, November 1978-January 2013
                                                                    • Stagnant consumer spending
                                                                      • Figure 16: Average annual consumer expenditures, by spending category, 2006-11
                                                                  • Competitive Context

                                                                    • Many Mallternatives: Mass merchandisers, club stores, and pharmacies offer other shopping destinations for consumers
                                                                      • Figure 17: Number of retail outlets of major competitors to malls, 2008-2012
                                                                    • Anchor stores are gateways to the mall and want to retain shoppers
                                                                      • Figure 18: Anchor space occupied by top anchor properties within U.S. Westfield Malls, 2011
                                                                    • Online and mobile shopping
                                                                      • Figure 19: U.S. total online and mobile shopping sales, at current prices, 2006-16
                                                                  • Leading Companies

                                                                      • Leading mall operator profiles
                                                                        • CBL & Associates Properties
                                                                          • General Growth Properties
                                                                            • Glimcher Realty
                                                                              • Macerich
                                                                                • Simon Property Group
                                                                                  • Taubman Centers
                                                                                    • Vornado Realty
                                                                                      • Westfield Group
                                                                                        • Other mall operator profiles
                                                                                          • Forest City Enterprises
                                                                                            • Rouse Properties
                                                                                              • Trademark
                                                                                                • Poag & McEwen
                                                                                                • Innovations and Innovators

                                                                                                  • New uses for malls: as office space; municipal space; conversions to green space
                                                                                                    • Consumer understanding: a space for men in the mall
                                                                                                      • Apps that go the distance
                                                                                                          • Figure 20: Greece Ridge Mall app product search feature, 2012
                                                                                                        • Simple Touches: Keeping it Clean, Modern, and Appealing for Families
                                                                                                          • Startups and popups
                                                                                                            • The Lab “Anti-Mall” and SoBeCa
                                                                                                              • Figure 21: The LAB Anti-Mall retail space, March 2012
                                                                                                          • Marketing Strategies

                                                                                                            • Overview of the brand landscape
                                                                                                              • Local targeting strategies: Print and CRM
                                                                                                                • Local targeting strategies: Spot TV
                                                                                                                  • Classen Curve
                                                                                                                    • Figure 22: Classen Curve, television ad “Has a little of all”, December 2012
                                                                                                                  • Sierra Vista Mall
                                                                                                                    • Figure 23: Sierra Vista Mall, television ad “Healthy heart campaign,” August 2012
                                                                                                                  • Embarcadero Center
                                                                                                                    • Figure 24: Embarcadero center, television ad, “Annual ice rink event,” November 2012
                                                                                                                  • Mobile strategies: apps that integrate social and local efforts
                                                                                                                    • Figure 25: Westfield valley fair Facebook promotion, February 12, 2013
                                                                                                                  • Social strategy: mall tweets and check-ins
                                                                                                                    • Figure 26: Simon-American Express co-branded tweet promotion, August 10, 2012
                                                                                                                  • Promotion strategies: deals and offers
                                                                                                                    • Figure 27: Retailmenot App Screenshots promoting live deals, February 2013
                                                                                                                • Frequency of Visits to Shopping Malls

                                                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                                                    • Half of all consumers have visited a mall in the last four weeks
                                                                                                                      • Figure 28: Visits to shopping malls in the last month, by gender, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                    • Most consumers are “light” users of malls
                                                                                                                      • Figure 29: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Figure 30: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by gender, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                    • Younger consumers are heavier mall users
                                                                                                                      • Figure 31: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by age, December 2012
                                                                                                                    • Millennials dominate heavy mall users
                                                                                                                      • Figure 32: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by generation, December 2012
                                                                                                                    • Malls appeal most to those with more time on their hands
                                                                                                                      • Figure 33: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by household income, December 2012
                                                                                                                    • Part-time workers have more time to visit malls
                                                                                                                      • Figure 34: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by employment, December 2012
                                                                                                                    • Larger households have more mall users, but singles want to stay in fashion
                                                                                                                      • Figure 35: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by household size, December 2012
                                                                                                                  • Reasons for Visiting Shopping Malls

                                                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                                                      • Most shoppers go to malls to shop for something specific
                                                                                                                        • Figure 36: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Women visit malls with a sense of purpose, men are less certain
                                                                                                                        • Figure 37: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by gender, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Younger consumers do many activities at the mall, older consumers simply shop
                                                                                                                        • Figure 38: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by age, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Higher-income consumers plan purchases, lower-income consumers browse
                                                                                                                        • Figure 39: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by household income, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Single people see malls as fun destinations
                                                                                                                        • Figure 40: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by marital/relationship status, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Larger households looking for gifts
                                                                                                                        • Figure 41: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by number of people in household, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Part-time workers have extra time to spend at malls
                                                                                                                        • Figure 42: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by employment, December 2012
                                                                                                                    • Reasons for Not Visiting Shopping Malls

                                                                                                                      • Key points
                                                                                                                        • Many alternatives to mall shopping
                                                                                                                          • Figure 43: Reasons for not visiting shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                        • Women shop in many non-mall retailers, and are more interested in convenience
                                                                                                                          • Figure 44: Reasons for not visiting shopping malls, by gender, December 2012
                                                                                                                      • Attitudes/Opinions Toward Shopping Malls

                                                                                                                        • Key points
                                                                                                                          • Malls need to work harder to increase traffic
                                                                                                                              • Figure 45: Attitudes/Opinions toward shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                            • High-income consumers are time constrained, want more efficient shopping experiences
                                                                                                                              • Figure 46: Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by household income, December 2012
                                                                                                                            • Spouses and singles shop, separated consumers don’t
                                                                                                                              • Figure 47: Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by marital/relationship status, December 2012
                                                                                                                            • Shoppers play favorites based on store environment and brands
                                                                                                                              • Figure 48: Shopping attitudes/opinions, by gender, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                              • Figure 49: Shopping attitudes/opinions, by mall users and frequency groups, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                          • Innovations/Improvements Desired at Shopping Malls

                                                                                                                            • Key points
                                                                                                                                • Figure 50: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                              • Women are looking for differentiated shopping experiences
                                                                                                                                • Figure 51: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by gender, December 2012
                                                                                                                              • Youngest consumers most likely to visit malls that improve
                                                                                                                                • Figure 52: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by age, December 2012
                                                                                                                              • Middle-income consumers are great customers, time savers are wanted by all
                                                                                                                                • Figure 53: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by household income, December 2012
                                                                                                                              • Young, single consumers want extended hours; larger households want to be entertained
                                                                                                                                • Figure 54: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by marital/relationship status, December 2012
                                                                                                                            • Location and Distance Willing to Travel to Shopping Malls

                                                                                                                              • Key points
                                                                                                                                • Consumers do not want to travel far for malls
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 55: The impact of location on preference to visit shopping malls, by age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                • Higher-income consumers like suburban mall shopping
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 56: The impact of location on preference to visit, by household income, December 2012
                                                                                                                                • Women willing to travel farther for malls
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 57: Distance willing to travel to shopping mall, by gender, December 2012
                                                                                                                                • Young consumers will travel for the right shopping experience
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 58: Distance willing to travel to shopping mall, by age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                • Higher-income consumers are less willing to travel for a good mall
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 59: Distance willing to travel to shopping mall, by household income, December 2012
                                                                                                                              • Teen Mall Shopping Habits

                                                                                                                                • Key points
                                                                                                                                  • Teenage girls want to shop until they drop
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 60: Teen visits to shopping malls, by gender, April 2011-June 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 61: Teen visits to shopping malls, by race/Hispanic origin, April 2011-June 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 62: Teens’ frequency of visits to shopping malls, by gender and age, April 2011-June 2012
                                                                                                                                  • More girls go to malls with friends, over time more are going alone
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 63: Teen mall shopping companions, by gender and age, April 2011-June 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 64: Trends in teen mall shopping companions, 2006-2012
                                                                                                                                  • Most girls see going to the mall as a social activity
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 65: Teens’ use of shopping/going to the mall as a leisure activity/hobby, by gender, April 2011-June 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Figure 66: Teens’ use of shopping/going to the mall as a leisure activity/hobby, by race/Hispanic origin, April 2011-June 2012
                                                                                                                                • Impact of Race and Hispanic Origin

                                                                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                                                                    • Hispanic and Asian consumers more likely to be frequent mall visitors
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 67: Visits to shopping malls, by race/Hispanic origin, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 68: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Non-white consumers more interested in browsing, entertainment offerings
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 69: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                                                                                                                      • Non-white consumers seek value, shop at many retailers besides malls
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 70: Agreement with attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                                                                                                                      • Hispanic consumers have different mall motivations
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 71: Shopping attitudes/opinions, by race/Hispanic origin, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                                      • Asian consumers enjoy malls as special experiences, Hispanic consumers want more time to shop
                                                                                                                                        • Figure 72: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                                                                                                                    • Cluster Analysis

                                                                                                                                        • Smart Shoppers
                                                                                                                                          • Demographics
                                                                                                                                            • Characteristics
                                                                                                                                              • Opportunity
                                                                                                                                                • Mallvenient
                                                                                                                                                  • Demographics
                                                                                                                                                    • Characteristics
                                                                                                                                                      • Opportunity
                                                                                                                                                        • Mall Rats
                                                                                                                                                          • Demographics
                                                                                                                                                            • Characteristics
                                                                                                                                                              • Opportunity
                                                                                                                                                                • Cluster characteristic tables
                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 73: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by target clusters, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 74: Users frequency groups of visits to shopping malls, by target clusters, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 75: Agreement with attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by target clusters, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 76: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by target clusters, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                • Cluster demographic table
                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 77: Target clusters, by demographic, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                • Cluster methodology
                                                                                                                                                                • Custom Consumer Groups

                                                                                                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                                                                                                    • Heavy mall users mostly 18-34, irrespective of gender
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 78: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by gender and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                      • Younger Hispanic consumers are the heaviest mall users
                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 79: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by Hispanic origin and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                      • Parents with very young children also heavy mall users
                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 80: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by parents with children and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                        • Heavy users see malls as more than just a place to shop
                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 81: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by users frequency groups of visits to shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                          • Heavy users want more discounts, and are shopping elsewhere
                                                                                                                                                                              • Figure 82: Agreement with attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by users frequency groups of visits to shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                            • Heavy users visit a wide variety of online retailers and other shopping-related websites
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 83: Websites visited in last 12 months, by users frequency groups of visits to shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                              • Heavy users want more convenience, more reasons to visit the mall
                                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 84: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by users frequency groups of visits to shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                              • Hispanic shoppers should be prompted to enter stores while already in the mall
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 85: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by Hispanic origin and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                • Younger Hispanic shoppers find mall shopping more appealing than older Hispanic shoppers
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Figure 86: Agreement with attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by Hispanic origin and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Suburban consumers want to save shopping time; urban consumers have many options
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 87: Agreement with attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by location of shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Urban mall shoppers would visit more often for free-shipping, longer hours
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 88: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by location of shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Appendix – Mall Operator Stores and Tenants

                                                                                                                                                                                      • CBL & Associates Properties
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 89: CBL & Associates Properties profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 90: CBL & Associates Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 91: CBL & Associates Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 92: CBL & Associates Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 93: CBL & Associates Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • General Growth Properties
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 94: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 95: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 96: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 97: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 98: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 99: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 100: General Growth Properties profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Glimcher Realty
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 101: Glimcher Realty profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 102: Glimcher Realty profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Macerich
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 103: Macerich property profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 104: Macerich property profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 105: Macerich property profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 106: Macerich property profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Simon Property Group
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 107: Simon Property Group profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 108: Simon Property Group profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Taubman Centers
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 109: Taubman Centers profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 110: Taubman Centers profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Vornado Realty
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 111: Vornado mall profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Westfield Group
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 112: Westfield mall profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 113: Westfield mall profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 114: Westfield mall profile, February 2013 (continued)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Forest City Enterprises
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 115: Forest City Enterprises properties profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 116: Forest City urban retail properties, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 117: Forest City neighborhood center properties, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 118: Forest City entertainment retail properties, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Rouse Properties
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 119: Rouse Properties profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Trademark
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 120: Trademark properties profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Poag & McEwen
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 121: Poag & McEwen properties profile, February 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Appendix – Other Useful Consumer Tables

                                                                                                                                                                                      • Frequency of mall visits
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 122: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by gender, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 123: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 124: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by number of people in household, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 125: Frequency of visits to shopping malls— frequency groups, by gender, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 126: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by employment, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 127: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by marital/relationship status, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 128: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by number of people in household, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 129: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by generation, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 130: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by Hispanic origin and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 131: Frequency of visits to shopping malls, by parents with children and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 132: Frequency of visits to shopping malls—frequency groups, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 133: Frequency groups of visits to shopping malls—Frequency groups, by marital/relationship status, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 134: Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by employment, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 135: Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by number of people in household, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 136: Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by generation, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 137: Attitudes/opinions toward shopping malls, by parents with children and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 138: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by employment, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 139: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by generation, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 140: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by parents with children and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 141: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by Hispanic origin and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 142: Innovations/improvements desired at shopping malls, by number of people in household, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Location of shopping malls
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 143: Location of shopping malls, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 144: Location of shopping malls, by number of people in household, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 145: Location of shopping malls, by employment, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 146: Location of shopping malls, by race/Hispanic origin, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 147: Location of shopping malls, by parents with children and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 148: Location of shopping malls, by Hispanic origin and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Reasons for visiting a shopping mall
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 149: Reasons for visiting a shopping mall, by parents with children and age, December 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Attitudes/opinions about shopping
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 150: Shopping attitudes/opinions, by age, August 2011-August 2012
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Appendix – Trade Associations

                                                                                                                                                                                      Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                                      • AMC Entertainment Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Bass Pro Shops, Inc
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Belk, Inc
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Best Buy International
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Bloomingdale's
                                                                                                                                                                                      • BNP Paribas
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Bristol Farms
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Chesapeake Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Costco Wholesale Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                                      • CVS Caremark Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Darden Restaurants Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • FMR Corp.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Foot Locker U.S.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Forever 21 Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Gap (USA)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • H&M Hennes & Mauritz
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Home Depot (USA)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • J C Penney Company, Inc
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Kohl's Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Limited Brands Inc
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Macy's, Inc.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Neiman Marcus (retail stores)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Nordstrom
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Old Navy
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Regal Entertainment Group
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Saks Incorporated
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Sears Holdings Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Target Corporation
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association - College Retirement Equities Fund
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Victoria's Secret
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Walgreen Co
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Walmart Stores (USA)
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Walt Disney Company, The
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Westfield Group
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Whole Foods Market Inc

                                                                                                                                                                                      Shopping Malls - US - March 2013

                                                                                                                                                                                      £3,199.84 (Excl.Tax)