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Sustainability in Protected Tourism Areas - International - February 2010

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Data Sources

      • Overview

        • The status of the global PA estate
          • Industry comment: management status of the global PA estate
            • Defining PAs associated with tourism
              • IUCN management categories of PAs
                • Figure 1: IUCN management objectives per management category, 2010
              • The tourism-PA relationship
                • IUCN – World Commission on PAs
                  • PA management authorities
                    • Models and examples of tourism-permitting PAs
                      • UNESCO World Heritage sites
                        • Skara Brae Prehistoric Village
                          • Afan Forest Park, Wales, UK
                            • Figure 2: Afan Forest Park Visitor Centre figures, 2005-09
                            • Figure 3: Afan Forest Park walking visitors, 2005-09
                            • Figure 4: Afan Forest Park mountain bike visitors using four main bike trails, 2005-09
                          • Pulau Sipadan (proposed) Marine Reserve
                            • Kruger National Park
                              • Makuleke Concession
                              • Tourism in the PA Market

                                  • Arrivals and economic status of tourism in PAs
                                    • Zambian nature-based tourism
                                      • Figure 5: Zambia tourism growth year on year, 2003-08
                                    • US national parks tourism
                                      • Figure 6: Selected US national parks’ annual recreational visitors, 1999-2008
                                    • Industry comment: visitor numbers to US national parks
                                        • Figure 7: Yosemite National Park visitor use statistics, by month, 2004-09
                                      • South African national parks tourism
                                        • Figure 8: South African national parks’ visitor statistics, 2003-08
                                      • Market characteristics
                                        • Brecon Beacons NP visitor survey 1994
                                          • Afan Forest Park visitor survey 2006
                                            • Figure 9: Afan Forest Park visitor centre, cars park numbers, 2007-09
                                          • Industry comment: typical visitor characteristics at a South African safari camp (2007)
                                          • Sustainable Tourism Creation and Maintenance

                                              • Strategic considerations
                                                • Appropriate tourism typologies
                                                  • Nam Ha Ecotourism Project, Laos
                                                    • Figure 10: All tourist arrivals to Luang Nam Tha Province, 2001-07
                                                    • Figure 11: Tourists participating in community-based ecotourism and revenues generated, Luang Nam Tha Province, 2001-07
                                                  • La Ruta Moskitia, Honduras
                                                      • Figure 12: LARUMO sales totals, 2006-08
                                                    • Direction from the top
                                                      • Governance of PAs
                                                        • IUCN’s four types of PA governance
                                                          • Key tools and tactical considerations
                                                            • Creating a multi-stakeholder group
                                                              • Zonation and carrying capacity
                                                                • Marketing
                                                                  • Monitoring and continuous assessment
                                                                    • Economic assessment and measurement models
                                                                      • Sustainable supply chains
                                                                        • Eco-tools, eco-technology and eco-techniques
                                                                          • Sustainable tourism road maps and pathways
                                                                            • The Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria (GSTC)
                                                                              • The European Charter for Sustainable Tourism in PAs
                                                                                • The Charter Principles for Sustainable Tourism
                                                                                • Case Study: Brecon Beacons National Park, UK

                                                                                    • Ownership, governance, and executive responsibility
                                                                                      • STEAM accounts 2003-08
                                                                                        • Figure 13: STEAM analysis, by sector of expenditure and revenues generated by category of visitor, 2003-08
                                                                                        • Figure 14: STEAM analysis, by tourist days and numbers, by category of visitor, 2003-08
                                                                                        • Figure 15: STEAM analysis, direct employment by category, and indirect employment, 2003-08
                                                                                      • Tourism in the park
                                                                                        • Sustainable Tourism Strategy
                                                                                          • Sustainable tourism aims
                                                                                            • Key sustainable tourism actions
                                                                                              • Interview with Richard Tyler, sustainable tourism manager, Brecon Beacons National Park Authority
                                                                                              • What Next?

                                                                                                • Future key sustainability challenges
                                                                                                  • Market differentiation
                                                                                                    • More manpower for more tourism
                                                                                                      • Native peoples’ rights, land ownership and unilateral PA designation
                                                                                                        • Shifting economic priorities in PAs
                                                                                                        • Index to TTI Destination Reports

                                                                                                          • Country reports
                                                                                                          • Index to Travel & Tourism Analyst

                                                                                                              • Index grouped by geographic area
                                                                                                              • Special Reports Index

                                                                                                                Companies Covered

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                                                                                                                Sustainability in Protected Tourism Areas - International - February 2010

                                                                                                                £295.00 (Excl.Tax)