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Waste Management and Recycling - UK - June 2017

“The UK waste management industry continues to strive for sustainability in line with the gradual realisation of a circular economy. Impetus around this ambition is expected to remain despite the uncertainty introduced to policy and trade by Brexit.”
– Marco Amasanti, B2B Analyst

This report will explore the following key questions regarding waste management in the UK:

  • What are the key drivers behind recent growth in the waste management industry?
  • How has the ongoing shift away from landfill driven growth across market sectors?
  • How is the recent Brexit decision expected to impact the market? How can this be managed to ensure minimal disruption?
  • In light of a recent slowdown in household recycling across the UK, how can impetus be restored to the sector?
  • What does the future hold for the UK waste management industry?

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Table of contents

  1. Executive Summary

      • Market size
        • Figure 1: Waste arisings in the UK, by source, million tonnes, 2012-2016
      • Market trends
        • Household recycling collection
          • Figure 2: UK Household residual waste collection, percentage of local authorities, by frequency, 2015/16
        • The move away from landfill
          • Figure 3: Landfill capacity in England, by site type, 2011-15
        • Wider structural changes to waste treatment
          • Figure 4: All waste at final treatment, split by method, million tonnes, UK
        • Market forecasts
          • Figure 5: UK waste arisings forecast, million tonnes, 2017-21
        • Household waste arisings
          • Figure 6: Forecast household waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2017-21
        • Ongoing shift toward a circular economy and away from landfill
          • Driving household recycling rates
            • What we think
            • Key Insights

                • What impact will the Brexit decision have on the UK waste management industry?
                  • Technological innovations
                    • Given the emphasis on recycling, how can the waste management industry combat stalling household recycling?
                      • A change in recycling systems
                        • Innovation
                          • Regional perspective
                            • Taxation
                            • Introduction

                                • Definitions
                                  • Methodology
                                    • Abbreviations
                                      • Market positioning
                                      • UK Economy

                                          • Figure 7: Forecast GDP development, % change, 2017-2021
                                          • Figure 8: UK GDP quarterly development, 2003-2016
                                          • Figure 9: UK GDP in economic downturns and recoveries since 1979
                                        • Inflation
                                          • Interest rates
                                            • House prices
                                              • Figure 10: UK House price changes, 12 month % change, 2006-2016
                                            • Consumer spending
                                              • Manufacturing
                                                • Figure 11: UK manufacturing, 2014-2016
                                              • Business investment
                                                • Figure 12: UK GFCF, £ million, 2003-2016
                                              • Imports
                                                • Exports
                                                • Market Factors

                                                  • Key points
                                                    • Outsourcing
                                                        • Figure 13: Major companies share of England local council expenditure, % of total, 2015-16
                                                      • Services producer price inflation
                                                        • Figure 14: Services producer price indices, water supply, sewerage and waste management, 2013-2016
                                                    • Waste Arisings

                                                      • Key points
                                                        • Total market grows by waste arisings
                                                          • Figure 15: Waste arisings in the UK, by source, million tonnes, 2012-2016
                                                          • Figure 16: Waste arisings proportion, % of total, 2012 and 2016
                                                        • Construction and demolition waste
                                                          • Figure 17: Construction and demolition waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2012-2016
                                                          • Figure 18: Output in the Construction Industry, by Type, 2010-2016
                                                        • Household waste
                                                          • Figure 19: Household waste arisings, by nation, million tonnes, 2012-2016
                                                        • Commercial waste
                                                          • Figure 20: Commercial waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2012-2016
                                                          • Figure 21: Composition of Commercial and Industrial waste arisings, by sector, tonnes, 2014
                                                        • Industrial waste
                                                          • Figure 22: Industrial waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2012-2016
                                                        • Mining and quarrying
                                                          • Figure 23: Mining and quarrying waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2012-2016
                                                        • Sewage sludge
                                                          • Figure 24: Sewage sludge waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2012-2016
                                                        • Hazardous waste
                                                          • Figure 25: Hazardous waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2012-2016
                                                          • Figure 26: Hazardous waste arisings, by sector, tonnes, 2014
                                                          • Figure 27: Composition of Hazardous waste arisings, by industry sector, tonnes, 2014
                                                      • Collection

                                                        • Key points
                                                          • Household
                                                            • Local authority operations
                                                              • Figure 28: UK Household, percentage of local authorities operating dry recycling schemes, 2015/16
                                                              • Figure 29: UK Household residual waste collection, percentage of local authorities, by frequency, 2015/16
                                                              • Figure 30: Composition of England Household waste, million tonnes, 2010-2015
                                                              • Figure 31: England local authority collected household waste, by material, ‘000 tonnes, 2010-2014
                                                            • Defra prevention initiatives
                                                              • Commercial and industrial
                                                                  • Figure 32: Analysis of the collection of commercial and industrial waste in the UK, by sector, million tonnes, 2016
                                                              • Waste Treatment

                                                                • Key points
                                                                  • The market
                                                                      • Figure 33: All waste at final treatment, split by method, million tonnes, UK
                                                                    • Decline of landfill
                                                                      • Figure 34: Landfill capacity in England, by site type, ‘000 cubic metres, 2011-15
                                                                    • Commercial and industrial
                                                                      • Figure 35: Estimate of total C&I waste and subsector totals, England, ‘000 tonnes, 2003 & 2009
                                                                    • Construction and demolition
                                                                      • Figure 36: Recovery rate from non-hazardous construction and demolition waste, UK, ‘000 tonnes and %, 2010-2014
                                                                  • Municipal Waste Disposal

                                                                    • Key points
                                                                      • Municipal recycling
                                                                        • Figure 37: UK Municipal Waste Arisings, by Country, million tonnes, 2011/12-2015/16
                                                                        • Figure 38: UK Municipal Recycling Rates, by Country, %, 2011/12-2015/16
                                                                      • The UK household recycling rate
                                                                        • Figure 39: UK Household Recycling Rates, % of waste recycled, Arising and Recycled in ‘000 tonnes, 2010-2015
                                                                        • Figure 40: UK Household Recycling Rates, % of waste recycled, Arisings and Recycled in ‘000 tonnes, 2010-2015
                                                                      • Geographical differences
                                                                        • Figure 41: UK Countries Household Recycling Rates, % of waste recycled, Arising and Recycled in ‘000 tonnes, 2010-2015
                                                                      • New waste facilities infrastructure scaled back as residual waste treatment gap closes
                                                                      • Hazardous Waste Disposal

                                                                        • Key points
                                                                          • The technologies used to treat hazardous waste include high temperature incineration, thermal
                                                                            • Figure 42: Hazardous waste arisings, by nation, tonnes, 2015
                                                                            • Figure 43: UK Hazardous waste deposits, by disposal and recovery options, tonnes, 2011-2015
                                                                            • Figure 44: UK Hazardous waste deposits, by disposal and recovery options, tonnes, 2015
                                                                        • Licences

                                                                          • Key points
                                                                              • Figure 45: Output in the Construction Industry, by Type, 2010-2016
                                                                            • 2017 budget
                                                                              • The Landfill Communities Fund (LCF)
                                                                                • Environmental Body Levy
                                                                                  • Devolution of Landfill Tax to Wales
                                                                                  • Landfill Disposal

                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                        • Figure 46: Municipal Waste and BMW to Landfill, by nation, ‘000 tonnes, 2011-15
                                                                                      • The Landfill Directive
                                                                                        • New measures
                                                                                          • Figure 47: Landfill tax rate changes, April 2016-2018
                                                                                        • Impetus expected to remain despite Brexit
                                                                                        • Incineration

                                                                                          • Key points
                                                                                              • Figure 48: England Incineration capacity, by sector, ‘000 tonnes, 2015
                                                                                              • Figure 49: England Incineration capacity, by sector, ‘000 tonnes, 2015
                                                                                          • Fuel

                                                                                            • Key points
                                                                                              • Renewables Obligation (RO) drives investment in renewables generation capacity
                                                                                              • Producer Responsibility Obligations

                                                                                                • Key points
                                                                                                  • UK expected to remain committed to previous models
                                                                                                    • Packaging
                                                                                                      • Figure 50: UK Government packaging recycling targets, %, 2014-2017
                                                                                                    • WEEE
                                                                                                        • Figure 51: WEEE collected in the UK, tonnes, Q1 2017
                                                                                                      • Batteries
                                                                                                          • Figure 52: Portable batteries placed on the UK market, 2012-15, ‘000 tonnes, and waste batteries collected and treated, tonnes, 2015
                                                                                                        • Vehicles
                                                                                                            • Figure 53: Total recycling and reuse rate of end-of-life vehicles, % of total, 2010-14
                                                                                                        • Glass

                                                                                                          • Key points
                                                                                                              • Figure 54: UK Glass packaging waste and recycling/recovery, ‘000 tonnes and %, 2014
                                                                                                          • Cans

                                                                                                            • Key points
                                                                                                                • Figure 55: UK Steel packaging waste and recycling/recovery, ‘000 tonnes and %, 2014
                                                                                                                • Figure 56: UK Steel packaging waste and recycling/recovery, ‘000 tonnes and %, 2014
                                                                                                            • Paper

                                                                                                              • Key points
                                                                                                                  • Figure 57: UK Paper and cardboard packaging waste and recycling/recovery, ‘000 tonnes and %, 2014
                                                                                                              • Plastics

                                                                                                                • Key points
                                                                                                                    • Figure 58: UK Plastic packaging waste and recycling/recovery, ‘000 tonnes and %, 2014
                                                                                                                • Oils, Chemicals and Solvents

                                                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                                                      • Figure 59: Analysis of Oil and oil/water mixtures waste deposits handled and treated/landfilled in England, tonnes, 2010-14
                                                                                                                  • Textiles

                                                                                                                    • Domestic Metal Recycling

                                                                                                                      • Key points
                                                                                                                          • Figure 60: Metal recycling of waste in England and Wales, ‘000 tonnes and % change, 2010-2015
                                                                                                                      • International Metal Recycling

                                                                                                                        • Key points
                                                                                                                            • Figure 61: De-pollution of Vehicles in England and Wales, ‘000 tonnes and % change, 2010-14
                                                                                                                          • Global commodity prices
                                                                                                                            • Figure 62: Iron ore prices, US $ per tonne, November 2011- February 2017
                                                                                                                        • Compost

                                                                                                                          • Key points
                                                                                                                            • Initiatives and framework
                                                                                                                                • Figure 63: Composting of waste in England and Wales, ‘000 tonnes and % change, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                • Figure 64: Biological treatment of waste in England and Wales, ‘000 tonnes and % change, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                            • Food Waste

                                                                                                                              • Key points
                                                                                                                                • Food waste
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 65: UK food waste arisings, by sector, ‘000 tonnes, 2014
                                                                                                                                • Household
                                                                                                                                  • Figure 66: Household food and drink waste in the UK, ‘000 tonnes, 2007, 2010, 2012, 2014-2015
                                                                                                                                • Commercial and Industrial
                                                                                                                                • Tyres

                                                                                                                                  • Key points
                                                                                                                                  • Government Waste Expenditure

                                                                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 67: England budget revenue expenditure, net current expenditure, by service, £’000. 2016-17
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 68: England budget revenue expenditure, net current expenditure, by service, £ million. 2016-17
                                                                                                                                      • Figure 69: England local authority budget, by local authority classification, revenue expenditure, 2016-17
                                                                                                                                  • Industry Structure

                                                                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                                                                      • Industry development
                                                                                                                                        • Mergers and acquisitions
                                                                                                                                          • Industry structure
                                                                                                                                            • Changes in the Structure of the Industry
                                                                                                                                              • Figure 70: Analysis of the changes in the Structure of the Waste Management Industry, 2012-2016, (Number of Outlets and Businesses)
                                                                                                                                            • Structure by employment
                                                                                                                                              • Figure 71: Analysis of the Employment Structure of the Waste Management Industry, 2015 & 2016
                                                                                                                                            • Structure by turnover
                                                                                                                                              • Figure 72: Analysis of the Financial Structure of the Waste Management Industry, 2015 & 2016. (£000 and Number of Businesses)
                                                                                                                                          • Company Profiles

                                                                                                                                            • Biffa Group Limited

                                                                                                                                                • Figure 73: Financial Analysis of Biffa Group Ltd, £ million, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                              • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                • Biffa Waste Services

                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 74: Financial Analysis of Biffa Waste Services, £ million, 2012-2016
                                                                                                                                                    • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                    • Cory Environmental

                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 75: Financial Analysis of Cory Environmental, £ million, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                                      • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                        • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                        • FCC Environment (UK)

                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 76: Financial Analysis of FCC Environment UK, £ million, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                                          • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                            • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                            • MRS Environmental Services

                                                                                                                                                                • Figure 77: Financial Analysis of MRS Environmental Services, £ million, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                                              • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                              • Shanks Group

                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 78: Financial Analysis of Shanks Group, £ million, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                                                • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                                  • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                                  • Suez Environmental

                                                                                                                                                                      • Figure 79: Financial Analysis of Suez Environmental, £ million, 2011-2015
                                                                                                                                                                    • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                                      • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                                      • UK Waste Management

                                                                                                                                                                          • Figure 80: Financial Analysis of UK Waste Management, £ million, 2012-2016
                                                                                                                                                                        • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                                        • Veolia

                                                                                                                                                                            • Figure 81: Financial Analysis of Veolia Environmental Services (UK), £ million, 2009-2013
                                                                                                                                                                          • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                                            • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                                            • Viridor

                                                                                                                                                                                  • Figure 82: Financial Analysis of Viridor, £ million, 2012-2016
                                                                                                                                                                                • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Company strategy
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Forecast

                                                                                                                                                                                    • Key points
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Waste arisings
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 83: UK waste arisings forecast, million tonnes and % change, 2017-21
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 84: UK waste arisings forecast, million tonnes, 2017-21
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Household waste arisings
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 85: Forecast household waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2017-21
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Figure 86: Forecast household waste arisings, million tonnes and % change, 2017-21
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Ongoing shift from landfill
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Driving household recycling rates
                                                                                                                                                                                          • All households to be able to recycle the same core set of materials
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Fewer collection and sorting systems
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Common container colour system
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                                                                                                                                                • Trade associations
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Trade magazines
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Trade exhibitions

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Companies Covered

                                                                                                                                                                                                    To learn more about the companies covered in this report please contact us.

                                                                                                                                                                                                    Waste Management and Recycling - UK - June 2017

                                                                                                                                                                                                    US $1,288.43 (Excl.Tax)