Airlines - UK - September 2011
A low-cost/no-frills airline (or LCC – Low-cost Carrier) is one that offers low fares by eliminating many traditional passenger services (eg free food onboard). Examples include easyJet and Ryanair. This type of airline contrasts with full-service airlines, which do offer such services, but charge higher fares (for example British Airways).
A charter airline is one on which seats are usually sold as part of a package holiday but any left over can be sold off to passengers booking independently. Examples include Thomson Airways and Thomas Cook Airlines. This is as opposed to scheduled airlines, where flights run to a set timetable with seats bought individually by passengers. This category encompasses both full-service and low-cost/no-frills airlines (so, for example, both British Airways and easyJet are scheduled airlines).
An adult, for the purposes of Mintel’s research, is anyone aged 16 or over.
The standard travel and tourism definitions used in the terminology of this report are as follows:
- tourism is any travel, which involves an overnight stay away from home.
- a holiday is a subjectively defined form of tourism, as defined by the tourist in response to surveys such as IPS or UKTS. A holiday can be distinguished from other leisure travel such as visits to friends and relatives (VFR) or shopping trips.
- a long holiday is a holiday of four nights or more away from home; a short break is a holiday that involves one to three nights away from home.
- short-haul refers to air holidays within Europe, dominated by flights to Mediterranean resorts but including the Canary Islands, which are treated as a part of the Spanish market. Long-haul, therefore, refers to holidays outside Europe.
- an inclusive tour, or package holiday, is defined as the simultaneous sale of at least two elements of a holiday to the traveller: fares on public transport (eg flights) and commercial accommodation (eg hotel or self-catering apartment). Other elements, such as meals or excursions, are not essential to the definition of an inclusive tour. The term ‘all-inclusive’ is used to describe a special type of resort holiday in which food, drink, excursions and other services are provided as part of the total holiday cost.
- an independent holiday is one in which the traveller organises and books transport and accommodation from separate sources (eg a Channel ferry crossing and a caravan site in France).
- seator flight-only is a type of independent holiday, and the terms are used to denote holidays in which travellers only purchase a return fare and thereafter book their own accommodation, car hire etc.
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