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Children's Social Care - UK - April 2019

Market Segmentation

  • Children's homes
  • Foster care
  • Other children looked after
  • Special education

Company Profiles

  • Acorn Care and Education
  • Cambian Childcare (formerly Advanced Childcare)
  • Foster Care Associates (formerly Core Assets)
  • Keys Group
  • The National Autistic Society
  • National Fostering Agency
  • Priory Education and Children's Services

“Although spending in the industry has risen as a whole, it has failed to keep up with growing demand for services. Alongside rising demand, there has been a reduction in funding for early intervention services, which has only added to demand pressures on the industry. This has highlighted the increasing need for additional finances and for local authorities to ensure that children are protected and placed in the most suitable environments at all times if the situation demands it.”
– Lewis Cone, B2B Analyst

This Report looks at the following areas:

  • Social worker pressures starting to lead to wider industry issues
  • Early intervention services have been most affected by spending cuts, contributing to a rise in children in care

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Table of contents

  1. Overview

    • What you need to know
      • Covered in this Report
      • Executive Summary

          • The market
            • Strong growth sees market value reach five-year high in 2018
              • Figure 1: UK market for children’s social care, 2014/15-2018/19, (£ million)
            • ‘Other’ expenditure rises by highest amount, benefitting from government-led drive for these areas
              • Figure 2: Segmentation of the UK market for children’s social care, by type of care, 2014/15 and 2018/19, (% of total spend)
            • Rate of growth expected to remain stable
              • Figure 3: UK market forecast for children's social care, 2019/20-2023/24, (£ million at 2018/19 prices)
            • Referrals record second consecutive rise whilst assessments rise for fourth time in 2017/18
              • Figure 4: Referrals and initial assessments to children’s social care, England, 2013/14-2017/18, (unit)
            • Companies and brands
              • What we think
              • Issues and Insights

                • Social worker pressures starting to lead to wider industry issues
                  • The facts
                    • The implications
                      • Early intervention services have been most affected by spending cuts, contributing to a rise in children in care
                        • The facts
                          • The implications
                          • The Market – What You Need to Know

                            • Strong growth sees market value reach five-year high in 2018
                              • ‘Other’ expenditure rises by highest amount, benefitting from government-led drive for these areas
                                • Rate of growth expected to remain stable
                                • Market Size

                                    • Strong growth sees market value reach five-year high in 2018
                                      • Figure 5: UK market for children’s social care, 2014/15-2018/19, (£ million)
                                    • Regional analysis
                                      • Figure 6: Segmentation of UK market for children’s social care, by country, 2014/15-2018/19, (£ million)
                                      • Figure 7: Number of children looked after, by country, 2014-18, (number of children)
                                      • Figure 8: Number of children looked after in England, by age and gender, as of 31 March, 2014-18, (number of children)
                                      • Figure 9: Number of children looked after in Scotland, by age and gender, as of 31 July, 2014-18, (number of children)
                                      • Figure 10: Number of children looked after in Wales, by age and gender, as of 31 March, 2014-18, (number of children)
                                  • Market Segmentation

                                      • ‘Other’ expenditure rises by highest amount, benefitting from government-led drive for these areas
                                        • Figure 11: Segmentation of the UK market for children’s social care, by type of care, 2014/15-2018/19, (£ million)
                                        • Figure 12: Number of children looked after, at 31 March and 31 July, by placement type, UK, 2014-18, (number of children)
                                      • Children’s homes
                                          • Figure 13: UK children’s home placements and average annual cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2014/15-2018/19, (number of children and £ 000)
                                          • Figure 14: Number of children in children's homes in Scotland, 2014/15-2018/19, (number of children)
                                          • Figure 15: Children’s homes in England, at 31 March 2018, by region, (number)
                                        • Foster care
                                            • Figure 16: UK foster care placements and average annual cost, at 31 March of each year (England, Wales and Northern Ireland) and 31 July of each year (Scotland), 2014/15-2018/19, (number of children and £ 000)
                                            • Figure 17: Foster placements in England, at 31 March of each year, by placement type and location, 2014-18, (number of children)
                                            • Figure 18: UK fostering rates, 2018/19 and 2019/20, (£ per week)
                                          • Special education
                                              • Figure 19: UK market for SEN care, 2014/15-2018/19, (£ million)
                                              • Figure 20: Students with special educational needs, by school type, England, 2014/15-2018/19, (number of children and % of pupils in each school type)
                                              • Figure 21: Students with special educational needs, by academy type, England, 2015-18, (number of children and % of pupils in each academy type)
                                            • Independent vs public supply
                                              • Figure 22: Segmentation of the UK market for children’s social care, by type of provider, 2014/15-2018/19, (% and £ million)
                                              • Figure 23: Segmentation of the UK market for children’s social care, by sector and type of provider, 2014/15-2018/19, (% and £ million)
                                          • Market Forecast

                                              • Rate of growth expected to remain stable
                                                • Figure 24: UK market forecast for children’s social care, 2019/20-2023/24, (£ million at 2018/19 prices)
                                              • Children’s homes spend expected to record largest growth
                                                • Figure 25: UK market segmentation forecast for children’s social care, by type of care, 2019/20-2023/24, (£ million)
                                              • Rising pressure on foster care allowances and fees are reducing the sector’s ability to meet demand
                                                • Funds made available to train new social workers
                                                • The Impact of the Economy

                                                  • Annual GDP growth falls to six-year low in 2018
                                                    • Figure 26: Annual GDP growth rate, 2014-18, (%)
                                                  • Bank rate remains at 0.75%
                                                  • Market Trends

                                                    • London is home to the most social workers but also has the highest staff turnover…
                                                        • Figure 27: Children’s social care workers in England, 2018, (number of FTE workers and % turnover rate)
                                                      • …despite over a third of industry funding going towards the employment of social workers
                                                        • Most cuts to spending have occurred in economically-deprived areas
                                                          • Referrals to children’s social care rose for the second consecutive time in 2017/18, while completed initial assessments rose for a fourth time
                                                            • Figure 28: Referrals and initial assessments to children’s social care, England, 2013/14-2017/18, (number and rate per 10,000 children under 18 years)
                                                            • Figure 29: Referrals to children’s social care, England, by most common source of referral, 2017/18, (%)
                                                            • Figure 30: Initial assessments to children’s social care, England, by most common primary need, 2017/18, (%)
                                                        • Market Drivers

                                                            • The number of children living in relative poverty is rising
                                                              • With Brexit looming ever closer, uncertainty remains around social care processes and the pace of much-needed industry reform
                                                                • Co-operation on child protection and law enforcement
                                                                  • Co-operation on family law matters
                                                                    • Criminal records and staff vetting
                                                                    • Legislation

                                                                      • Children Act
                                                                        • Children and Families Act
                                                                          • Care Standards Act
                                                                            • Children’s Homes Regulations
                                                                              • Social Services and Well-being (Wales) Act
                                                                                • The Children and Social Work Act
                                                                                • Companies and Brands – What You Need to Know

                                                                                  • New partnerships formed in attempt to reduce the number of vulnerable children in care
                                                                                    • Councils are using data predictive systems to combat abuse cases
                                                                                    • Industry Structure

                                                                                      • Industry development
                                                                                        • Ofsted reports small rise in the number of homes
                                                                                          • Private sector involvement in the industry reaches a high
                                                                                              • Figure 31: Proportion of all children’s homes in England run by state or independent organisations, by region, as of 30 September 2018, (%)
                                                                                            • New partnerships formed in attempt to reduce the number of vulnerable children in care
                                                                                              • Changes in the structure of the industry
                                                                                                • Figure 32: Analysis of the changes in the structure of 'other residential care activities', 2014-18, (number of outlets and businesses)
                                                                                                • Figure 33: Analysis of the changes in the structure of 'other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c.', 2014-18, (number of outlets and businesses)
                                                                                              • Structure by employment
                                                                                                • Figure 34: Analysis of the employment structure of ‘other residential care activities’, 2017 and 2018, (number of employees and outlets)
                                                                                                • Figure 35: Analysis of the employment structure of 'other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c.', 2017 and 2018, (number of employees and outlets)
                                                                                              • Structure by turnover
                                                                                                • Figure 36: Analysis of the financial structure of 'other residential care activities', 2017 and 2018, (£000 and number of businesses)
                                                                                                • Figure 37: Analysis of the financial structure of 'other social work activities without accommodation n.e.c.', 2017 and 2018, (£000 and number of businesses)
                                                                                            • Competitive Strategies

                                                                                              • Care leavers’ services launched to help smooth transition into adult life
                                                                                                • Councils are using data predictive systems to combat abuse cases
                                                                                                • Company Profiles

                                                                                                  • Acorn Care and Education
                                                                                                    • Recent company activity
                                                                                                      • Financial information
                                                                                                        • Figure 38: Financial analysis of Acorn Care 1, 2013-17, (£000)
                                                                                                        • Figure 39: Financial analysis of Fostering Solutions, 2013-17, (£000)
                                                                                                      • Cambian Childcare
                                                                                                        • Recent company activity
                                                                                                          • Financial information
                                                                                                            • Figure 40: Financial analysis of Cambian Childcare Limited, 2013-17, (£000)
                                                                                                          • Foster Care Associates
                                                                                                            • Recent company activity
                                                                                                              • Financial information
                                                                                                                • Figure 41: Financial analysis of Foster Care Associates, 2013-17, (£ 000)
                                                                                                              • Keys Group
                                                                                                                • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                  • Financial information
                                                                                                                    • Figure 42: Financial analysis of Keys Care Limited, 2017-18, (£000)
                                                                                                                  • The National Autistic Society
                                                                                                                    • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                      • Financial information
                                                                                                                        • Figure 43: Financial analysis of The National Autistic Society, 2014-18, (£000)
                                                                                                                      • National Fostering Agency
                                                                                                                        • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                          • Financial information
                                                                                                                            • Figure 44: Financial analysis of National Fostering Agency, 2013-17*, (£000)
                                                                                                                          • Priory Education and Children’s Services
                                                                                                                            • Recent company activity
                                                                                                                              • Financial information
                                                                                                                                • Figure 45: Financial analysis of Priory Education Services Limited, 2013-17, (£000)
                                                                                                                            • Appendix – Data Sources, Abbreviations and Supporting Information

                                                                                                                                • Abbreviations
                                                                                                                                  • Methodology
                                                                                                                                  • Further Sources and Contacts

                                                                                                                                    • Trade associations
                                                                                                                                      • Association of Directors of Children’s Services Ltd (ADCS)
                                                                                                                                        • CoramBAAF Academy of Adoption and Fostering
                                                                                                                                          • Independent Children’s Homes Association (ICHA)
                                                                                                                                            • Nasen
                                                                                                                                              • Nationwide Association of Fostering Providers (NAFP)
                                                                                                                                                • National Children’s Bureau (NCB)
                                                                                                                                                  • National Portage Association
                                                                                                                                                    • Trade magazines
                                                                                                                                                      • Become (formerly known as Who Cares?) (Quarterly)
                                                                                                                                                        • Child Care (Monthly)
                                                                                                                                                          • Children & Young People Now (Fortnightly)
                                                                                                                                                            • Social Work News (Quarterly)
                                                                                                                                                              • Trade events
                                                                                                                                                                • ADCS Annual Conference 2019
                                                                                                                                                                  • Community Care Live London 2019
                                                                                                                                                                    • National Children and Adult Services Conference 2019

                                                                                                                                                                    Children's Social Care - UK - April 2019

                                                                                                                                                                    US $1,272.90 (Excl.Tax)