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Intercity Buses in Europe - International - March 2019

“The transition to a low-carbon economy clearly has its challenges but local and regional governments, as well as deep-pocketed investors, have a leading role to play in creating energy-efficient, sustainable transport networks across Europe. State-of-the art intercity buses and coaches are certainly very much part of that scenario.”
- Jessica Kelly, Senior Tourism Analyst

This Report looks at the following areas:

  • What advantages do intercity buses have over other forms of transport?
  • How is Europe’s greying population having an impact on bus and coach transport?
  • What is the Trans-European Networks programme (TEN-T)?
  • Is the travelling public ready for driverless buses?

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Data Sources

      • Overview of European Tourism

          • Figure 1: Top 10 most popular destinations in 2017, showing international arrivals & comparing rankings in 2016
        • International and domestic tourism continue to grow
          • Selected countries
            • Figure 2: International tourist arrivals & domestic trips, 2012-16 & 2010-17
        • History of the Omnibus

            • Buses – An integral part of the tourism industry
              • Intercity and long-distance buses
              • Snapshot of Selected Countries

                  • Figure 3: Overview of selected countries showing size of population, land area, number of border countries & capital city, 2018
                • Economic overview
                  • Figure 4: Economic overview of selected countries, 2017
                • Denmark
                  • France
                    • Germany
                      • Italy
                        • Spain
                        • Land Transport – Distance Makes a Difference

                            • Figure 5: Number of buses in selected countries of the EU-28, 2012 & 2016
                            • Figure 6: Passenger land transport by mode of travel in selected countries, expressed as a percentage, 2015
                          • Intercity coaches vs trains
                            • In praise of buses
                            • Who Travels by Bus?

                                • Figure 7: A comparison of the cost & travel times by mode of transport for three randomly selected city pairs, 2018
                              • Students and young people love intercity buses too
                                • Asylum seekers and migrants
                                  • Migrants augment the workforce
                                    • A ‘greying’ population
                                      • Figure 8: Demographics of selected countries, showing the ageing of the population, 2015, 2030 & 2050
                                      • Figure 9: Median age in selected countries, 2015, 2030 & 2050
                                    • Why is Europe ageing?
                                      • Economic challenges of an ageing population
                                        • The upside
                                          • The ‘grandparent boom’
                                          • Europe’s Road Networks

                                            • Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T)
                                              • Integrating the highways
                                                • Ongoing challenges
                                                  • Road networks in selected countries
                                                    • Figure 10: Length of road networks in selected countries, 2007-17
                                                • Safety Issues

                                                  • Road accidents
                                                    • Traffic congestion
                                                      • Figure 11: Hours spent in traffic jams (annually) & road fatalities – Selected countries, 2015-16*
                                                  • Bus and Coach Manufacturing

                                                    • A global industry
                                                      • Europe’s bus and coach manufacturers
                                                        • MAN Truck & Bus AG
                                                          • Evobus-Mercedes (DE)
                                                          • Buses and the Environment

                                                              • The Paris Agreement
                                                                • Bus manufacturers are paying attention
                                                                  • The EC promotes clean air and sustainability
                                                                    • The switch to alternative fuels
                                                                      • Denmark
                                                                        • France
                                                                          • Germany
                                                                            • Italy
                                                                              • Spain
                                                                                • The pros and cons of green energy for buses and coaches
                                                                                  • Alternative fuels
                                                                                    • The ‘gases’
                                                                                      • Hydrogen
                                                                                        • Biodiesel
                                                                                          • Electricity
                                                                                            • Hybrid buses
                                                                                              • The European Alternative Fuels Observatory (EAFO)
                                                                                                • Automated buses vs autonomous vehicles
                                                                                                  • Is the public ready for driverless buses?
                                                                                                    • What are automated buses?
                                                                                                    • Intercity Bus Companies

                                                                                                      • The deregulation of the market
                                                                                                        • Denmark
                                                                                                          • France
                                                                                                            • Germany
                                                                                                              • The phenomenon of FlixBus
                                                                                                                • Spain
                                                                                                                  • Italy
                                                                                                                  • Interactive Websites and Bus Passes

                                                                                                                    • Booking a bus is easy
                                                                                                                      • Bus passes offer a good deal
                                                                                                                        • InterFlix
                                                                                                                          • Eurolines Pass
                                                                                                                            • Busabout
                                                                                                                            • Auto Shows and Trade Fairs

                                                                                                                              • What Next?

                                                                                                                                Intercity Buses in Europe - International - March 2019

                                                                                                                                US $377.39 (Excl.Tax)