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“Railways, perhaps along with post offices, are the only two institutions in India with a deep network which, if tapped judiciously, can create substantial improvements in the hinterland. Railways were always considered only as a mode of transport in our country. We want to see railways as the backbone of India’s economic development.”
– Shri Narendra Modi, prime minister of India

This report answers the following key questions:

  • Why did tourist arrivals from Bangladesh double between 2009 and 2014?
  • Why do certain routes suffer from congestion?
  • Why might less government involvement help the railways?
  • How does the Indian diaspora provide opportunities for tour operators and travel agents?

What's included

What's included

Table of contents

Table of contents

  1. Introduction

    • Data Sources

      • Overview of India

          • India’s political system
            • The economy
              • The role of tourism in the economy
              • Overview of Travel and Tourism

                • The timeless allure of India
                  • Figure 1: International tourist arrivals in India, 2010-14
                • India’s tourist attractions
                • Where Do The Tourists Come From?

                    • Figure 2: Top 10 source countries for international arrivals to India, 2009-14
                • The History of Railways in India

                    • Indian labour and Kenya’s ‘Lunatic Express’
                      • How the railways helped to unify India
                        • The legacy of the Indian railways
                          • Figure 3: List of rail museums along Indian railways, 2016
                      • The Indian Railway Network Today

                          • Figure 4: Number of passengers carried on Indian railways showing year-on-year % growth, fiscal year 2009/10-2013/14
                          • Figure 5: Rail network showing expansion over 5 years, FYs 2009/10-2013/14
                        • Railway accidents in India
                          • Figure 6: Comparison of rail accidents between India & Europe (EU-27), 2012*
                      • Railway Revenues in India

                          • Figure 7: Share of rail-traffic earnings expressed as a %, fiscal years 2010/11-2014/15
                        • Railway funding
                          • Figure 8: IR funding as a % of GDP, 2008-19
                      • The Need to Become More Competitive

                          • Underinvestment in infrastructure
                            • Figure 9: Infrastructure spending as a % of GDP, comparing India & China, 2014
                          • Private-sector involvement
                          • Types of Trains in India

                              • Long-distance/intercity trains
                                • Express and Mail trains
                                  • Superfast Express trains
                                    • Garib Rath trains
                                      • Duronto Express trains
                                        • Rajdhani Express trains
                                          • Shatabdi Express trains
                                            • New trains are on the way
                                              • Tejas trains: For those in a hurry
                                                • Humsafar: For the middle class
                                                  • Uday double decker trains: For those travelling on busy routes
                                                    • Antyodaya: For poorer travellers
                                                    • The On-board Experience

                                                      • A multitude of classes
                                                        • AC1 or lA
                                                          • AC2 or 2A
                                                            • AC3 or 3A
                                                              • EC or AC executive chair class
                                                                • CC or AC chair class
                                                                  • SL or sleeper class
                                                                    • 2S or 2nd-class seating
                                                                      • Food and drink
                                                                        • The pantry car is disappearing
                                                                        • Sample Journeys and Travel Times

                                                                            • Figure 10: Sample train routes & journey duration, 2016
                                                                          • Bangalore City-Chennai
                                                                            • Goa-Pune
                                                                              • Kolkata-Varanasi
                                                                                • Mumbai-Madgaon
                                                                                  • New Delhi-Agra/New Delhi-Jaipur
                                                                                    • Booking procedures
                                                                                      • The IndRail Pass
                                                                                        • Figure 11: Selected prices for an IndRail pass, by class of train, expressed in US Dollars, 2016
                                                                                    • Luxury Tourist Trains in India

                                                                                        • Deccan Odyssey
                                                                                          • Golden Chariot
                                                                                            • Maharajas’ Express
                                                                                              • Palace on Wheels
                                                                                                • Royal Rajasthan on Wheels
                                                                                                • Hill Trains in India

                                                                                                    • Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (West Bengal)
                                                                                                      • Kalka-Shimla Railway (Haryana/Himachal Pradesh)
                                                                                                        • Nilgiri Mountain Railway (Tamil Nadu)
                                                                                                        • India is a Drawcard for Railway Enthusiasts

                                                                                                            • How do railway enthusiasts enjoy their hobby?
                                                                                                              • Specialised media
                                                                                                                • Recording rail images for posterity
                                                                                                                  • Do as I say, not as I do
                                                                                                                  • Who Are The ‘Train Tourists’?

                                                                                                                      • Budget travellers, adventure travellers and backpackers
                                                                                                                        • Professionals, retirees and business travellers
                                                                                                                          • Well-heeled tourists
                                                                                                                          • Demographics of the Inbound Market

                                                                                                                              • A potential market for rail companies, travel agents and tour operators
                                                                                                                                • Figure 12: Demographics of selected source markets, aged 65 & older, 2015
                                                                                                                            • Tour Operators Specialising in Train Trips

                                                                                                                                • Explore Worldwide
                                                                                                                                  • Great Rail Journeys
                                                                                                                                    • Kuoni Travel UK
                                                                                                                                      • Luxury Trains of India
                                                                                                                                        • Railbookers UK
                                                                                                                                        • What Next?

                                                                                                                                          This market report provides in-depth analysis and insight supported by a range of data. At the same time, introductory and top-level content is provided to give you an overview of the issues covered.

                                                                                                                                          • Market

                                                                                                                                            Mintel provides a range of market information, frequently through the category level, including market size and forecasting, complete with market drivers that illustrate the forces that shape a category or market.

                                                                                                                                          • Consumer

                                                                                                                                            Mintel's proprietary consumer research provides our analysts with the attitudinal and behavioral data used to provide valuable insight to topical issues.

                                                                                                                                          • Brand/Company

                                                                                                                                            Mintel provides overviews of the top brands and manufacturers, and uses consumer research to explore attitudes and reactions to brands, as well as insight into what will resonate with consumers.

                                                                                                                                          • Data

                                                                                                                                            Market reports provide appendices of data to support the research and insight produced. Our tables of data are easily manipulated and downloadable to support your research needs and covers factors from consumer attitudes to market forecasts.

                                                                                                                                          Please Note: This is a sample report. All of the figures, graphs, and tables have been redacted.

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