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Responsible Tourism - March 2013

Before 2001, ‘responsible tourism’ was a little-known sustainable tourism management strategy practised by few; today it is widely recognised and the application of it is global. There is now a market specifically for responsible tourism products and services, and many countries and destinations have adopted these strategies as key tools in their drive towards sustainable tourism. There are ever-growing numbers of tourism businesses and organisations who practise and advocate responsible tourism, and there is an internationally recognised World Responsible Tourism Day, as well as several academic responsible tourism institutions around the world.

Responsible tourism’s rise in prominence has been dramatic. The beginnings of this rise can be traced to a single event known as the Cape Town Declaration of 2002, when responsible tourism was effectively launched into a worldwide arena. Since then, the reach of responsible tourism, plus the interest and uptake in the concept, has grown considerably and it is now widely recognised throughout the tourism industry and by a significant proportion of the travelling public.

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Table of contents

  1. Introduction

      • Defining responsible tourism
        • Responsible tourism means different things to different players
          • The Gambia
            • The New Forest
              • Industry insight – Professor Harold Goodwin, director, ICRT
              • Data Sources

                • Overview

                    • Cape Town Declaration: a growing concept
                      • Industry insight – Heidi van der Watt, director, EDGE Tourism Solutions and ICRT South Africa
                      • Responsible Tourism Economies

                          • The Gambia
                              • Figure 1: Travel & tourism in the Gambia, 2002-13
                            • Kerala, India
                              • Figure 2: Trends in domestic & foreign tourist arrivals into Kerala, 2006-13
                              • Figure 3: Earnings from incoming tourism to Kerala, 2001-13
                            • Distribution of foreign and domestic arrivals
                              • Figure 4: Domestic arrivals in Kerala by district, 2006-13
                              • Figure 5: Foreign tourist arrivals in Kerala by district, 2006-13
                            • The New Forest, England
                              • Figure 6: Tourist numbers & days in the New Forest National Park, 2009-13
                              • Figure 7: Revenues from tourism in the New Forest National Park, 2009-13
                              • Figure 8: Revenues from tourism by expenditure category in the New Forest National Park, 2009-13
                            • South Africa
                              • Figure 9: Foreign & tourist arrivals to South Africa, 2001-13
                              • Figure 10: Foreign tourism expenditure in South Africa, 2003-13
                            • Foreign tourists in South Africa
                              • Figure 11: Foreign tourists in South Africa by length of stay & number of provinces visited, 2003-13
                          • The Impact of Responsible Tourism

                              • Environmental impact
                                • Consumption and collection of water
                                  • Consumption and generation of energy
                                    • Transport
                                      • Waste
                                        • Use of hazardous substances
                                          • Biodiversity and conservation
                                            • Social impact
                                              • Charitable causes
                                                • Skills development
                                                  • Social inclusion
                                                    • Cultural respect
                                                      • Empowerment of women
                                                        • Valuing the workforce and client base
                                                          • Local pride
                                                            • Human exploitation
                                                              • Economic impact
                                                                • Direct benefits
                                                                  • Cost savings as a result of responsibility interventions
                                                                    • Operating in a more resilient market
                                                                      • Higher-spending customers
                                                                        • Generation of high value employment
                                                                          • Responsible tourism attracts custom
                                                                            • Indirect benefits
                                                                              • Procurement and supply chains
                                                                                • Community and destination impacts
                                                                                • Intervention in Responsible Tourism

                                                                                    • Case study: the Bicycling Empowerment Network
                                                                                      • Figure 12: Bicycling Empowerment Network start-up costs, 2013
                                                                                    • Social development
                                                                                      • Case study: The Big Lemon bus company
                                                                                        • Intervention in accommodation provision
                                                                                          • Case study: Club Med
                                                                                            • Host country responsibility intervention
                                                                                              • Green building
                                                                                                • Intervention for tour operators
                                                                                                  • Explore
                                                                                                    • Valuing the workforce
                                                                                                      • Climate-change intervention
                                                                                                        • Industry insight: Amanda Marks, managing director, Tribes Travel
                                                                                                          • Intervention by transport providers
                                                                                                            • Industry insight: Dr Andy Jefferson, programme director, Sustainable Aviation
                                                                                                              • Road transport provision
                                                                                                                • Case study: Green Tomato Cars
                                                                                                                  • Case study: the New Forest EV Hire Scheme
                                                                                                                  • What Next?

                                                                                                                      • Burma – a national test case
                                                                                                                        • Figure 13: Tourist arrivals into Burma by gateway, 2005-13
                                                                                                                      • Teaching the next generation
                                                                                                                        • Championing domestic tourism
                                                                                                                          • Sports tourism
                                                                                                                            • Auditing by tour operators

                                                                                                                            Responsible Tourism - March 2013

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