UK Logistical Services market report
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Providing the most comprehensive and up-to-date information and analysis of the Logistical Services market, and the behaviours, preferences and habits of the consumer.
Mintel has the answers you’re looking for
What are the key challenges facing the industry and how fast are its rates of growth? Who is the consumer and what do they want? Where are the opportunities, where are the risks and what lies ahead?
Key Issues Covered
- What are the key determinants driving the industry?
- Has the industry recovered alongside the economy since the financial crisis? What impact could Brexit have on performance?
- How have government schemes influenced market demand and supply?
- How have regulations and the threat of climate change changed the industry’s approach?
- What are the key issues the industry needs to address to diversify its service provision and continue to compete globally over the long term?
- What does the future hold for UK logistical services?
The industry revolves around four main components: 1PL, 2PL, 3PL and 4PL. Some industry experts argue that a fifth component has also emerged: 5PL, which involves broadening operators’ scope to e-business.
First Party Logistics (1PL) concerns beneficial cargo owners, which can be the shipper (such as a manufacturing firm delivering to customers) or the consignee (such as a retailer picking up cargo from a supplier). They dictate the origin (supply) and the destination (demand) of the cargo, with distribution an entirely internal process assumed by the firm. With globalisation and the outsourcing and offshoring of manufacturing, distribution services that used to be assumed internally tend be contracted to external service providers.
Second Party Logistics (2PL) concerns the carriers providing a transport service over a specific segment of a transport chain. It could involve a maritime shipping company, rail operator, or trucking company hired to haul cargo from an origin (such as a distribution centre) to a destination (such as a port terminal).
Third Party Logistics (3PL) involves the outsourcing of all or much of a company’s logistics operations to a specialised company. The term was first used in the early 1970s to identify intermodal marketing companies (IMCs) in transportation contracts. Contracts for transportation had previously featured only two parties: the shipper and the carrier. When IMCs entered the picture as intermediaries accepting shipments from shippers and tendering them to rail carriers, they became the ‘third party’ to the contract - the 3PL. The definition has now broadened to the point that every company offering some kind of logistics service for hire calls themselves a 3PL. Preferably, these services are integrated or bundled together by the provider. Services provided include transportation, warehousing, cross-docking, inventory management, packaging, and freight forwarding.
Fourth Party Logistics (4PL) differs from 3PL in the following ways: a 4PL organisation is often a separate entity established as a joint venture or long-term contract between a primary client and one or more partners; a 4PL organisation acts as a single interface between the client and multiple logistics service providers; most aspects of a client’s supply chain are managed by the 4PL organisation itself; and it is possible for a major third-party logistics provider to form a 4PL organisation in its existing structure. 4PLs have also been referred to as ‘lead logistics providers’, while a new crop of companies has emerged who are actual transportation companies. A 4PL is sometimes described as ‘a non-asset-owning service provider’, but their role is to provide broader scope managing of the entire supply chain.
- Road freight
- Rail freight
- Port (marine) freight
- Air freight
- Canute Distribution
- CEVA Logistics (formerly TNT Logistics)
- DHL Supply Chain
- Eddie Stobart
- Gist Limited
- HOYER Petrolog UK (Formerly HOYER UK Limited)
- Kuehne + Nagel
- Lloyd Fraser Group
- NFT Distribution Holdings
- Wincanton Holdings
Expert analysis from a specialist in the field
Written by Lewis Cone, a leading analyst in the B2B sector, his extensive knowledge delivers in-depth commentary and analysis to highlight current trends and add expert context to the numbers.
Businesses in the sector need to embrace new and innovative technological solutions to traditional challenges in order to reinforce business efficiency and remain competitive in an increasingly time-pressurised environment. Adopting new technologies can help move goods as efficiently as possible and companies could suffer if they fail to integrate new tech into operations - especially in a trading environment that is likely to become more challenging after the UK leaves the EU.
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* This is a sample representation of the report layout and does not reflect the research included in this report.
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